KNAER | RECRAE

Search Results

Addressing the gap between service need and delivery of child and youth mental health servicesAuthor(s): Schwean, V. and Rodger, S. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This paper highlights the need for ongoing innovation, development, and evaluation of public mental health policy related to child and youth mental health services. Authors proposed a vision in which demonstration and research sites partner with public health policy approaches and provide support through research and evidence informed practice.

This document has been viewed 234 times.
Adolescents’ knowledge of and stigma towards schizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A. & Adlaf, E. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"For people living with mental illness, stigma can be a large barrier that prevents improvement in their lives. But little research has been done to understand how stigma emerges in youth. This research explores how adolescent stigma toward people with schizophrenia is related to demographics. It also looks at how much knowledge adolescents have about the mental disorder."

This document has been viewed 1,285 times.
Bullying predicts dating violence & poor relationship qualityAuthor(s): Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study showed that bullying predicts dating violence and poor relationship quality in adolescent dating relationships. These results illustrate how peer and dating relationship contexts are interconnected during adolescence. Youth who display aggression and other unhealthy behaviours in one type of relationship are likely to do so in others as well....

This document has been viewed 282 times.
Critical role of schools in child & youth mental healthAuthor(s): Leschied, A., Flett, G., and Saklofske, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Mental health problems are common yet unidentified among youth. Approximately one million youth in Canada will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder and only 4% of these youth will receive the necessary services.

This document has been viewed 452 times.
Cultural Connectedness and Identity Foster Resilience in FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D. and Sisco, A. (2015)
This study explored the specific ways in which culturally relevant programming promotes resiliency in FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 156 times.
Culturally Relevant School-Based Programming for FNMI Youth: Improved Relationships, Confidence, Leadership and School SuccessAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D., Snowshoe, A., Lapp, A., Hughes, R. and Sisco, A. (2015)
This study evaluated the Fourth R Uniting Our Nations, a school-based, culturally relevant program for FNMI youth. Results highlighted multiple positive impacts of the program. Participants reported that...

This document has been viewed 273 times.
Eating Disorders, Body Dissatisfaction and Depression Among AdolescentsAuthor(s): Goldfield, G.S., Moore, C., Henderson, K., Buchholz, A., Obeid, N. and Flament, M.F. (2010)
This study investigated eating disorder behaviour, body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression among Canadian adolescents.

This document has been viewed 870 times.
Factors related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents seeking mental health servicesAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Baiden, P. and Theall-Honey, L. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

This document has been viewed 305 times.
Healthy Relationships Program Improves Adolescents' Ability to Manage Peer ViolenceAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Broll, R., Zwarych, S., Hughes, R. and Wolfe, D. (2015)
This study investigated whether a healthy relationships program would improve students’ social and emotional skills related to knowledge about violence, critical thinking about the impact of violence, identification of coping strategies, and their
acceptability of violence. The researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 147 times.
Increasing peer resistance skills through a school-based interventionAuthor(s): Wolfe, D., Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Hughes, R., Ellis, W. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The Fourth R is an evidence based intervention in schools that teaches youth how to have healthy relationships. Students who participate in the program learn strategies that can reduce their likelihood of engaging in peer pressure scenarios (when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness peer violence perpetration at a higher rate).

This document has been viewed 259 times.
Neighbourhood connectedness can reduce teen drug useAuthor(s): Erickson, P.G., Adlaf, E.M., Harrison, L., Cook, S. & Cousineau, M. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Collective Efficacy is a theory that has been shown to explain for patterns in youth crime at the neighbourhood and community level. It suggests that when parents are well connected to their children’s friends and the other people in the neighbourhood, and are willing to intervene for the common good, this decreases the likelihood of youth crime
occurring. This study tested to see if this theory could be applied to predict drug use among adolescents."

This document has been viewed 1,119 times.
Parents' experiences seeking help for their children with mental health issuesAuthor(s): Reid, G., Cunningham, C., Tobon, J. and Evans, B. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

Having families involved with multiple mental health agencies can lead to greater system costs, increased burdens on families,
insufficient treatment, or unequal distribution of services. Administrators and policymakers may find this study interesting in order to re-evaluate the structure and service model of the mental health system.

This document has been viewed 568 times.
Poor peer & family relationships predict dating violence in adolescent girlsAuthor(s): Chiodo, D., Crooks, C.V., Wolfe, D.A., McIsaac, C., Hughs, R., and Jaffe, P.G. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The findings from this study underscore the importance of developing early prevention programming to enhance adolescent feelings of school connectedness, positive school attitudes, and engaging in personal control to reduce the likelihood of involvement in dating violence.

This document has been viewed 269 times.
Predicting Implementation Fidelity and Sustainability in a School-Based Prevention ProgramAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Zwarych, S., Hughes, R. and Wolfe, D. (2013)
Teachers that were trained in the Fourth R prior to 2009 were surveyed online to determine the extent to which they continued using the program, the modifications they made, and perceived
barriers to implementation. Results indicated that...

This document has been viewed 104 times.
Preventing Alcohol Use Problems Among Aboriginal YouthAuthor(s): Rawana J.S and Ames M.E. (2011)
This summary was produced by EENet. For more information on EENet and access to other summaries, please visit http://eenet.ca/

Youth who experiment with alcohol may be at risk of future alcohol use problems. Studies and trends show that Aboriginal youth may be at an even greater risk of developing such alcohol and drug use problems. For all teens, certain risk factors may worsen their vulnerability to developing alcohol disorders. Likewise, certain protective factors ward off alcohol dependence amongst teens. This study examines the protective factors of alcohol use among off-reserve Canadian Aboriginal youth.

This document has been viewed 1,037 times.
School-based violence prevention program offers a protective impact for youth with maltreatment historiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

This document has been viewed 305 times.
The New Mentality: Youth-adult partnerships in community mental health promotionAuthor(s): Ramey, H. and Rose-Krasnor, L. (2015)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Brock University researchers examined The New Mentality pilot program to explore what makes youth-adult partnerships work, and identify the potential benefit of youth-adult partnerships in child and youth community mental health promotion.

This document has been viewed 344 times.
Treatment of mental health disorders among children in child welfare careAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Leschie, A., den Dunnen, W., Zalmanowitz, S., Baiden, P. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Many children and youth in the child welfare system are receiving
inadequate mental health treatment. Evidence suggests that comprehensive intervention efforts involving the child or youth, family, school, and community are required for improving behavioural functioning and placement stability.

This document has been viewed 439 times.
Two Years of School-Based, Culturally Relevant Mentoring Promotes Positive Mental Health for FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Exner-Cortens, D., Burm, S., Lapointe, A. and Chiodo, D. (2016)
This study examined the effects of participation in a school-based, culturally relevant mentoring program on wellbeing among FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 132 times.
Use and perceptions of e-cigarettes among youth in CanadaAuthor(s): Czoli, C., Hammond, D. and White, C. (2014)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

The claim is that e-cigarettes deliver nicotine as effectively as regular cigarettes without the harmful chemicals, but this has yet to be proven
scientifically. Researchers looked at the rate of e-cigarette use among
Canadian youth (16-30 years), youth perceptions of e-cigarettes, and the factors associated with their use.

This document has been viewed 163 times.
What are young bloggers saying about mental health?Author(s): Marcus, M.A., Westra, H., Eastwood, J.D. & Barnes, K.L. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"The widespread use of Internet blogs has created a unique space for hearing from young people. Few studies, however, have looked at these blogs to gain a better picture of the experiences of young people with mental health problems – until now."

This document has been viewed 1,566 times.
What parents expect from ED mental health services for youthAuthor(s): Cloutier P., Kennedy, A., Maysenhoelder H, Glennie E.J., Cappelli, M. & Gray, C. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Many youth go to hospital emergency departments (EDs) for a variety of mental health issues. A child’s parents or caregivers
are often a clinician’s main source of information about the youth, their history, and the crisis situation. In this way, caregivers’
perceptions can play a huge role in the way the clinician administers care for the youth. The caregiver also represents a second set of
expectations that need to be met. However, there is no standardized way of getting information from caregivers. This study
examines parental expectations for ED mental health services for youth.

This document has been viewed 900 times.