Search Results

Effectiveness of Self-Regulation Interventions in Children and AdolescentsAuthor(s): Pandey, A., Hale, D., Das, S., Goddings, A. L., Blakemore, S. J., & Viner, R. M. (2018)
Past research has demonstrated that self‐regulation is essential for the development and maintenance of health and well‐being in childhood and across the lifespan. Given the growing evidence of its benefits, there have been many interventions developed to improve self‐regulation skills in youth. A systematic review and meta‐analysis were conducted to assess the effectiveness of interventions that promote self‐regulation among 0‐19 year olds, in addition to the effects of such interventions on health and social outcomes.

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Effective Asthma Education for School StaffAuthor(s): Kew, K. M., Carr, R., Donovan, T., Gordon, M. (2017)
Asthma is prevalent among youth, with significant morbidity and mortality reported worldwide. Most asthma‐related fatalities are avoidable, and therefore it may be important to increase asthma education for school staff given their frequent and long‐term interactions with youth. The overall aim of asthma education for school staff is to prevent asthma‐related fatalities among students, and to promote effective symptom management for improved child health and educational outcomes.

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Effectiveness of School-Based Mental Health Services for Elementary School ChildrenAuthor(s): Sanchez, A. L., Cornacchio, D., Poznanski, B., Golik, A. M., Chou, T., & Comer, J. S. (2018)
A significant proportion of youth develop a mental disorder by adolescence, but most do not receive care. Children of racial and ethnic minorities are especially vulnerable, as they receive fewer and lower quality services. School‐based mental health interventions, where school staff assume frontline provider roles, represent a potential option to reduce these disparities.

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Do Later School Start Times Benefit the Education, Health, and Well-Being of High School Students?Author(s): Marx, R., TannerSmith, E. E., Davison, C. M., UĬolz, L. A., Freeman, J., Shankar, R., ... & Hendrikx, S. (2017)
High school students are at higher risk of sleep deprivation due to their changing brain chemistry and increased time demands. This is a concern given that even mild sleep deprivation is associated with undesirable effects, including impaired learning, slowed performance, and memory loss. To address these negative outcomes, many school systems are considering delaying school start times to promote sufficient sleep for adolescents.

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Physical Activity Interventions for Depression in Children and AdolescentsAuthor(s):
Depression is the most common mental health disorder, with high rates of onset during youth. A meta-analysis was conducted in 2017 to assess the overall impact of physical activity interventions on depression in children and adolescents. Understanding the potential of physical activity in reducing depressive symptoms provides implications for policy in school settings.

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A Closer Look at: Bullying and Immigrant Youth in OntarioAuthor(s): Vitoroulis, Irene, & Georgiades, Katholiki. (2017)
Immigrant youth often experience a variety of barriers during their integration to the Canadian school system. Bullying is a problem in schools that can result in emotional, behavioural and social difficulties in youth. This research summary from the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB) takes a closer look at the role that schools and educators play in supporting positive peer relationships between immigrant and non-immigrant youth.

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Programmes parascolaires pour les jeunes à risqueAuthor(s): Kremer, K. P., Maynard, B. R., Polanin, J. R., Vaughn, M. G., & Sarteschi, C. M. (2015)
Les jeunes qui sont plus susceptibles d’avoir un rendement, une assiduité ou un engagement scolaires faibles et des problèmes de comportement sont souvent décrits comme étant « à risque ». Si on ne les résout pas, ces problèmes peuvent facilement se transformer en toxicomanie, en actes criminels et autres problèmes antisociaux à long terme. Ce résumé de recherche conçu par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB) examine l’incidence que les programmes après l’école ont sur les jeunes à risque.

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Les interventions en faveur du développement positif des jeunes sont-elles efficaces?Author(s): Ciocanel, O., Power, K., Eriksen, A., & Gillings, K. (2017)
Ce résumé de recherche conçu par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB) décrit un examen systématique, effectué en 2017, sur l’efficacité des interventions en matière de développement des jeunes à engendrer des résultats positifs et à réduire les comportements problématiques. La recherche conclut que les interventions visant à engendrer une positivité chez les jeunes constituent une technique préventive encourageante pouvant réduire les comportements dangereux et délictueux des adolescents.

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Are Positive Youth Development Interventions Effective?Author(s): Ciocanel, O., Power, K., Eriksen, A., & Gillings, K. (2017).
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2017 systematic review of the effectiveness of youth development interventions in promoting positive outcomes and reducing problem behaviours. The research finds that positive youth development interventions are a promising preventative technique for reducing harmful adolescent behaviour.

Viewed 184 times.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis‐de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., & Singh, N. (2015)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a 2015 systematic review that examined what is known about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings. The researchers believe that mindfulness-based interventions have great potential for improving educational and psychosocial outcomes for students.

Viewed 392 times.
The “Downward Spiral” of Mental Health Problems and Early School-LeavingAuthor(s): Esch, P., Bocquet, V., Pull, C. et al. (2014)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a meta-analysis that examined the link between mental health and early school drop out. Findings add insight to reasons why students leave school early and the implications for educators and stakeholders in youth's academic achievement.

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Programme en milieu scolaire adapté à la culture pour les jeunes provenant des PNMI : amélioration sur les plans des relations, de la confiance, du leadership et de la réussite scolaireAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D., Snowshoe, A., Lapp, A., Hughes, R. et Sisco, A. (2015)
Cette étude visait à évaluer le programme L'ABC des relations saines : Uniting Our Nations, programme en milieu scolaire et adapté à la culture qui cible les jeunes provenant des PNMI. Les résultats ont permis de mettre en évidence les multiples répercussions positives du programme. On a rapporté que...

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Physical Activity and School Engagement in YouthAuthor(s): Owen, K.B., Parker, P.D., Van Zanden, B., MacMillan, F., Astell-Burt, T. and Lonsdale, C. (2016)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a systematic review that examined the link between physical activity and school engagement in youth. Overall, the results suggest that promoting physical activity could improve school engagement. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are discussed.

Viewed 403 times.
After-School Programs for At-Risk YouthAuthor(s): Kremer, K., Maynard, B., Polanin, J., Vaughn, M. and Sarteschi, C. (2015)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a systematic review and meta-analysis that attempted to determine whether after-school programs affect externalizing (problematic) behaviour and school attendance. The programs under review ranged from academically oriented to mainly extra-curricular. Implications and recommendations for after-school programs are provided.

Viewed 242 times.
Predicting Implementation Fidelity and Sustainability in a School-Based Prevention ProgramAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Zwarych, S., Hughes, R. and Wolfe, D. (2013)
Teachers that were trained in the Fourth R prior to 2009 were surveyed online to determine the extent to which they continued using the program, the modifications they made, and perceived
barriers to implementation. Results indicated that...

Viewed 123 times.
Two Years of School-Based, Culturally Relevant Mentoring Promotes Positive Mental Health for FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Exner-Cortens, D., Burm, S., Lapointe, A. and Chiodo, D. (2016)
This study examined the effects of participation in a school-based, culturally relevant mentoring program on wellbeing among FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

Viewed 168 times.
Cultural Connectedness and Identity Foster Resilience in FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D. and Sisco, A. (2015)
This study explored the specific ways in which culturally relevant programming promotes resiliency in FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

Viewed 195 times.
Healthy Relationships Program Improves Adolescents' Ability to Manage Peer ViolenceAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Broll, R., Zwarych, S., Hughes, R. and Wolfe, D. (2015)
This study investigated whether a healthy relationships program would improve students’ social and emotional skills related to knowledge about violence, critical thinking about the impact of violence, identification of coping strategies, and their
acceptability of violence. The researchers found that...

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Evaluating Culturally-Relevant Programs for Indigenous Youth: Challenges and StrategiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Snowshoe, A., Chiodo, D. and Brunette-Debassige, C. (2013)
A balance must be found between a strict research design and honoring the requirements of a community-based partnership when evaluating programming for First Nations youth. The researchers found that community-based research partnerships are...

Viewed 185 times.
Culturally Relevant School-Based Programming for FNMI Youth: Improved Relationships, Confidence, Leadership and School SuccessAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D., Snowshoe, A., Lapp, A., Hughes, R. and Sisco, A. (2015)
This study evaluated the Fourth R Uniting Our Nations, a school-based, culturally relevant program for FNMI youth. Results highlighted multiple positive impacts of the program. Participants reported that...

Viewed 312 times.
Bullying Predicts Dating Violence & Poor Relationship QualityAuthor(s): Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study showed that bullying predicts dating violence and poor relationship quality in adolescent dating relationships. These results illustrate how peer and dating relationship contexts are interconnected during adolescence. Youth who display aggression and other unhealthy behaviours in one type of relationship are likely to do so in others as well....

Viewed 358 times.
School-Based Violence Prevention Program Offers a Protective Impact for Youth with Maltreatment HistoriesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

Viewed 401 times.
Treatment of Mental Health Disorders Among Children in Child Welfare CareAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Leschie, A., den Dunnen, W., Zalmanowitz, S., Baiden, P. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Many children and youth in the child welfare system are receiving
inadequate mental health treatment. Evidence suggests that comprehensive intervention efforts involving the child or youth, family, school, and community are required for improving behavioural functioning and placement stability.

Viewed 484 times.
Factors Related to Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) Among Adolescents Seeking Mental Health ServicesAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Baiden, P. and Theall-Honey, L. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

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Poor Peer & Family Relationships Predict Dating Violence in Adolescent GirlsAuthor(s): Chiodo, D., Crooks, C.V., Wolfe, D.A., McIsaac, C., Hughs, R., and Jaffe, P.G. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The findings from this study underscore the importance of developing early prevention programming to enhance adolescent feelings of school connectedness, positive school attitudes, and engaging in personal control to reduce the likelihood of involvement in dating violence.

Viewed 319 times.
Increasing Peer Resistance Skills Through a School-Based InterventionAuthor(s): Wolfe, D., Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Hughes, R., Ellis, W. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The Fourth R is an evidence based intervention in schools that teaches youth how to have healthy relationships. Students who participate in the program learn strategies that can reduce their likelihood of engaging in peer pressure scenarios (when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness peer violence perpetration at a higher rate).

Viewed 338 times.
Addressing the Gap Between Service Need and Delivery of Child and Youth Mental Health ServicesAuthor(s): Schwean, V. and Rodger, S. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This paper highlights the need for ongoing innovation, development, and evaluation of public mental health policy related to child and youth mental health services. Authors proposed a vision in which demonstration and research sites partner with public health policy approaches and provide support through research and evidence informed practice.

Viewed 272 times.
Critical Role of Schools in Child & Youth Mental HealthAuthor(s): Leschied, A., Flett, G., and Saklofske, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Mental health problems are common yet unidentified among youth. Approximately one million youth in Canada will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder and only 4% of these youth will receive the necessary services.

Viewed 494 times.
Adolescent Identity as a Buffer Against Peer Pressure & Risk BehavioursAuthor(s): Dumas, T., Ellis, W., Wolfe, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study explored whether youths’ level of identity exploration and commitment to identity would moderate the relationship between peer pressure and control and risk behaviours. Over 1,000 students completed self-report measures of identity exploration, identity commitment, risky behaviours, and experiences of peer-group pressure and control.


Viewed 236 times.
What Factors Affect Hospitalization of Youth with Mental Health Problems in Ontario?Author(s): Shannon Stewart, Chester Kam, and Phillip Baiden (2013)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

This study aimed to clarify the specific factors that affect how long youth stay in hospital for mental health problems and how likely they
are to be readmitted in the future.

Viewed 267 times.
Use and Perceptions of E-Cigarettes Among Youth in CanadaAuthor(s): Czoli, C., Hammond, D. and White, C. (2014)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

The claim is that e-cigarettes deliver nicotine as effectively as regular cigarettes without the harmful chemicals, but this has yet to be proven
scientifically. Researchers looked at the rate of e-cigarette use among
Canadian youth (16-30 years), youth perceptions of e-cigarettes, and the factors associated with their use.

Viewed 204 times.
The New Mentality: Youth-adult partnerships in community mental health promotionAuthor(s): Ramey, H. and Rose-Krasnor, L. (2015)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Brock University researchers examined The New Mentality pilot program to explore what makes youth-adult partnerships work, and identify the potential benefit of youth-adult partnerships in child and youth community mental health promotion.

Viewed 370 times.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis-de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., and Singh, N. (2015)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

Mindfulness‐based interventions have been broadly shown to be
effective for a variety of psycho‐social problems, and may be
effective with youth....many educators are choosing to include mindfulness exercises or practices as part of their classroom routines. A recent systematic review has examined what we know about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings.

Viewed 404 times.
Parents' experiences seeking help for their children with mental health issuesAuthor(s): Reid, G., Cunningham, C., Tobon, J. and Evans, B. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

Having families involved with multiple mental health agencies can lead to greater system costs, increased burdens on families,
insufficient treatment, or unequal distribution of services. Administrators and policymakers may find this study interesting in order to re-evaluate the structure and service model of the mental health system.

Viewed 601 times.
Factors that Influence the Physical Activity Levels of Youth in Urban and Rural SettingsAuthor(s): Loucaides, C., Plotnikoff, R. and Bercovitz, K. (2007)
This study investigated the difference in physical activity (PA) levels of urban and rural youth in Canada. Specifically, the researchers explored the psychological, demographic, behavioural, and social factors affecting the level of PA for Canadian youth in urban and rural settings.

Viewed 848 times.
Volunteer Youth Exchange Programs and Second Language LearningAuthor(s): Arnott, S. and Mady, C. (2012)
Second language exchange programs provide students with an opportunity to practice their language skills in an authentic setting. This study examined the impact of a Volunteer Youth Exchange (VYE) program on participants’ motivation to learn a second language (French or English).

Specifically, the researchers focused on the following two research questions: 1) How do the participants’ motivation to learn a second language (L2) and their self-assessment of their L2 compare pre and post volunteer experience?, and 2) What aspects of the volunteer experience may have influenced VYE participants’ willingness to communicate in their second language?

Viewed 1,019 times.
Perspectives on the Afrocentric School: Voices of Black YouthAuthor(s): Gordon, M. and Zinga, D. (2012)
In 2009 the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) opened the first black-focused or africentric school in Ontario. This study explored the opinions of black youth regarding the proposal of a black-focused school. Specifically the research aimed to explore black youths’ ideas about whether a black-focused school would address the issue of academic disengagement amongst black students.

Viewed 626 times.
Sexual Health Education Among Teens New to CanadaAuthor(s): Salehi, R. and Flicker, S. and the Toronto Teen Survey Team. (2010)
This research article describes part of a larger study that explored the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. Specifically, this article investigates the factors that influence teens’ access to sexual health education with a focus on newcomers to Canada.

Viewed 687 times.
Promoting Curriculum Access in Children and Youth with Reading DisabiliitesAuthor(s): Martinussen, R.
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

Viewed 879 times.
Sexual Health Topics: What Teens Want to KnowAuthor(s): Causarano, N.; Pole, J. D.; Flicker S. & Toronto Teen Survey Team (2012)
This research article describes one part of a larger study that investigated the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. It also explores the relationship between religion and teenagers’ exposure to, and desire to, learn more about various sexual health topics including sexually transmitted infections and birth control options.

Viewed 982 times.
Preventing Alcohol Use Problems Among Aboriginal YouthAuthor(s): Rawana J.S and Ames M.E. (2011)
This summary was produced by EENet. For more information on EENet and access to other summaries, please visit http://eenet.ca/

Youth who experiment with alcohol may be at risk of future alcohol use problems. Studies and trends show that Aboriginal youth may be at an even greater risk of developing such alcohol and drug use problems. For all teens, certain risk factors may worsen their vulnerability to developing alcohol disorders. Likewise, certain protective factors ward off alcohol dependence amongst teens. This study examines the protective factors of alcohol use among off-reserve Canadian Aboriginal youth.

Viewed 1,072 times.
Eating Disorders, Body Dissatisfaction and Depression Among AdolescentsAuthor(s): Goldfield, G.S., Moore, C., Henderson, K., Buchholz, A., Obeid, N. and Flament, M.F. (2010)
This study investigated eating disorder behaviour, body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression among Canadian adolescents.

Viewed 909 times.
Supporting Young People with Disabilities in their Transition to Adult Services: Developing Best PracticesAuthor(s): Stewart, D. (2009)
Transitioning from school and youth services to adult services can be a very challenging process for young people with disabilities and their families. This article reports on the Best Practice Project, a joint effort of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care, the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation, and the Ontario Children’s Rehabilitation
Network. Facilitated by a team of researchers, the project focused on establishing best practice guidelines for the process of transitioning from school and youth services to adult services for young people with physical and developmental disabilities in Ontario.

Viewed 1,196 times.
Are Courses and Programs Offered Equitably to Students Across a School Board?Author(s): Parekh, G., Killoran, I. and Crawford, C. (2011)
This study investigated whether programs within the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) — such as French immersion, Special Education, the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP), and the Specialist High Skills Major Program (SHSMP) — were offered equitably to students in secondary schools throughout the TDSB.

Viewed 1,148 times.
Dual-credit programming: The challenges and opportunitiesAuthor(s): Watt-Malcolm, B. (2011)
Dual-credit systems, or the opportunity for secondary students to earn credits at high school and college levels simultaneously (Lekes et al., 2007) is well established in the United States. As part of a larger study that examines secondary school apprenticeships and partnerships, this study investigates the tensions that exist in the implementation of dual credit systems in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia with a specific focus on dual-credit for apprenticeship training.

Viewed 941 times.
What parents expect from ED mental health services for youthAuthor(s): Cloutier P., Kennedy, A., Maysenhoelder H, Glennie E.J., Cappelli, M. & Gray, C. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Many youth go to hospital emergency departments (EDs) for a variety of mental health issues. A child’s parents or caregivers
are often a clinician’s main source of information about the youth, their history, and the crisis situation. In this way, caregivers’
perceptions can play a huge role in the way the clinician administers care for the youth. The caregiver also represents a second set of
expectations that need to be met. However, there is no standardized way of getting information from caregivers. This study
examines parental expectations for ED mental health services for youth.

Viewed 933 times.
Adolescents’ knowledge of and stigma towards schizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A. & Adlaf, E. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"For people living with mental illness, stigma can be a large barrier that prevents improvement in their lives. But little research has been done to understand how stigma emerges in youth. This research explores how adolescent stigma toward people with schizophrenia is related to demographics. It also looks at how much knowledge adolescents have about the mental disorder."

Viewed 1,395 times.
Neighbourhood connectedness can reduce teen drug useAuthor(s): Erickson, P.G., Adlaf, E.M., Harrison, L., Cook, S. & Cousineau, M. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Collective Efficacy is a theory that has been shown to explain for patterns in youth crime at the neighbourhood and community level. It suggests that when parents are well connected to their children’s friends and the other people in the neighbourhood, and are willing to intervene for the common good, this decreases the likelihood of youth crime
occurring. This study tested to see if this theory could be applied to predict drug use among adolescents."

Viewed 1,146 times.
What are young bloggers saying about mental health?Author(s): Marcus, M.A., Westra, H., Eastwood, J.D. & Barnes, K.L. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"The widespread use of Internet blogs has created a unique space for hearing from young people. Few studies, however, have looked at these blogs to gain a better picture of the experiences of young people with mental health problems – until now."

Viewed 1,705 times.
The Impact of Individualized Tutoring on Children in Foster CareAuthor(s): Flynn, R., Marquis, R., Paquet, M., Peeke, L. & Aubry, T. (2012)
This study investigates the impact of individualized tutoring on students’ academic achievement. Specifically, the researchers compared the reading and mathematics abilities (as indicated by test results) of 2 groups of primary school foster children. The first group of students included primary school foster children who received individualized tutoring in reading and mathematics throughout the school year, and the second group included children who did not receive this individualised tutoring.

Viewed 1,158 times.
The Role of School-Community Partnerships in the Character Development of Secondary School YouthAuthor(s): Hands, C. (2008)
While many Ontario schools include character development and citizenship education as part of their curriculum, these topics have traditionally been taught to students in classrooms within the boundaries of schools. This research, on the other hand, investigated a character education program in one school that involved school-community partnerships.

Viewed 1,099 times.
Bolstering Resilience in Students: Teachers as Protective FactorsAuthor(s): Hurlington, K. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary provides an overview of research in the area of student resilience:

"Elementary teachers are well positioned to observe students who succeed despite overwhelming odds. It often appears that risk factors in the life of a child are insurmountable; yet, there are many who flourish amidst adversity. Early resiliency research focused on these seemingly anomalous youth, tracking their success into adulthood. Researchers were eager to determine what innate processes or capacities were helping these students to be successful in spite of the odds."

Viewed 1,609 times.
What Shapes Inner City Education Policy?Author(s): Gaskell, J., Levin, B., Pollock, K. (2007)
This research looks at the ways that urban school boards in Toronto and Winnipeg have attempted over the last thirty to forty years to address issues of poverty and diversity.

Viewed 1,099 times.
Black Canadian Students' Beliefs Regarding Education and Academic AchievementAuthor(s): Smith, A., Schneider, B., Ruck, M. (2005)
There are concerns about the educational outcomes of Black youth in North America. This research compared the academic and achievement-related beliefs of Black Canadian high school students in Toronto, Ontario and Halifax, Nova Scotia.

Viewed 1,168 times.
Smoking in Ontario Schools: Does policy make a difference?Author(s): Reitsma, A., Manske, S. (2004)
Although tobacco use has decreased in Canada it remains the country’s leading cause of premature death. Most people (85%) start smoking before the age of 18 despite the fact that Canadian federal laws make it illegal for people under the age of 18 to buy cigarettes. Many provinces set the bar at 19 years. Therefore, schools are a key environment to support youth remaining tobacco-free.
The researchers in this study assessed the link between school tobacco policy and smoking status in Ontario elementary and secondary schools in 2003.

Viewed 1,150 times.