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Academic Interventions for Elementary and Middle School Students with Low SESAuthor(s): Dietrichson, J., Bog, M., Filges, T., & Klint Jorgensen A. M. (2017)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a 2017 systematic review that examined the current literature to better understand what types of interventions can be implemented to increase standardized test scores in reading and mathematics of low SES students in elementary and middle school.

This document has been viewed 10 times.
Addressing the gap between service need and delivery of child and youth mental health servicesAuthor(s): Schwean, V. and Rodger, S. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This paper highlights the need for ongoing innovation, development, and evaluation of public mental health policy related to child and youth mental health services. Authors proposed a vision in which demonstration and research sites partner with public health policy approaches and provide support through research and evidence informed practice.

This document has been viewed 229 times.
Adolescent identity as a buffer against peer pressure & risk behavioursAuthor(s): Dumas, T., Ellis, W., Wolfe, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study explored whether youths’ level of identity exploration and commitment to identity would moderate the relationship between peer pressure and control and risk behaviours. Over 1,000 students completed self-report measures of identity exploration, identity commitment, risky behaviours, and experiences of peer-group pressure and control.


This document has been viewed 201 times.
After-School Programs for At-Risk YouthAuthor(s): Kremer, K., Maynard, B., Polanin, J., Vaughn, M. and Sarteschi, C. (2015)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a systematic review and meta-analysis that attempted to determine whether after-school programs affect externalizing (problematic) behaviour and school attendance. The programs under review ranged from academically oriented to mainly extra-curricular. Implications and recommendations for after-school programs are provided.

This document has been viewed 188 times.
Are Positive Youth Development Interventions Effective?Author(s): Ciocanel, O., Power, K., Eriksen, A., & Gillings, K. (2017).
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2017 systematic review of the effectiveness of youth development interventions in promoting positive outcomes and reducing problem behaviours. The research finds that positive youth development interventions are a promising preventative technique for reducing harmful adolescent behaviour.

This document has been viewed 8 times.
Bullying predicts dating violence & poor relationship qualityAuthor(s): Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study showed that bullying predicts dating violence and poor relationship quality in adolescent dating relationships. These results illustrate how peer and dating relationship contexts are interconnected during adolescence. Youth who display aggression and other unhealthy behaviours in one type of relationship are likely to do so in others as well....

This document has been viewed 276 times.
Critical role of schools in child & youth mental healthAuthor(s): Leschied, A., Flett, G., and Saklofske, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Mental health problems are common yet unidentified among youth. Approximately one million youth in Canada will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder and only 4% of these youth will receive the necessary services.

This document has been viewed 444 times.
Cultural Connectedness and Identity Foster Resilience in FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D. and Sisco, A. (2015)
This study explored the specific ways in which culturally relevant programming promotes resiliency in FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 150 times.
Culturally Relevant School-Based Programming for FNMI Youth: Improved Relationships, Confidence, Leadership and School SuccessAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Burleigh, D., Snowshoe, A., Lapp, A., Hughes, R. and Sisco, A. (2015)
This study evaluated the Fourth R Uniting Our Nations, a school-based, culturally relevant program for FNMI youth. Results highlighted multiple positive impacts of the program. Participants reported that...

This document has been viewed 248 times.
Do the benefits of social and emotional learning programs last?Author(s): Taylor, R. D., Oberle, E., Durlak, J. A. and Weissberg, R. P. (2017)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2017 meta-analysis of 82 school-based universal social and emotional learning programs. Findings confirm that the benefits of social-emotional learning have long-term effects for students in seven outcome areas.

This document has been viewed 196 times.
Effectiveness of mindfulness based interventions for youth in schoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis-de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., and Singh, N. (2015)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

Mindfulness‐based interventions have been broadly shown to be
effective for a variety of psycho‐social problems, and may be
effective with youth....many educators are choosing to include mindfulness exercises or practices as part of their classroom routines. A recent systematic review has examined what we know about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings.

This document has been viewed 317 times.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis‐de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., & Singh, N. (2015)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a 2015 systematic review that examined what is known about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings. The researchers believe that mindfulness-based interventions have great potential for improving educational and psychosocial outcomes for students.

This document has been viewed 57 times.
Emotional intelligence: The new answer for improving teacher efficacy and well-beingAuthor(s): Vesely, A., Saklofske, D., Leschied, A. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Emotional intelligence (EI) training may improve teachers’ psychological health, increase teachers’ efficacy, decrease
their stress and job dissatisfaction, and promote positive student outcomes.

This document has been viewed 277 times.
Enhancing Students' Social and Emotional LearningAuthor(s): Durlak, J., Weissberg, R., Dymnicki, A., Taylor, R., Schellinger, K. (2012)
This research summary was originally developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and has been updated by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2011 meta-analysis of school-based social and emotional learning programs. Findings show strong evidence that social-emotional learning has a positive impact on academic achievement. Based on the findings, successful approaches to programs are highlighted.

This document has been viewed 1,091 times.
Evaluating Culturally-Relevant Programs for Indigenous Youth: Challenges and StrategiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Snowshoe, A., Chiodo, D. and Brunette-Debassige, C. (2013)
A balance must be found between a strict research design and honoring the requirements of a community-based partnership when evaluating programming for First Nations youth. The researchers found that community-based research partnerships are...

This document has been viewed 80 times.
Evaluating the Effectiveness of School-Based Suicide Prevention ProgramsAuthor(s): Katz, C., Bolton, S.-L., Katz, L. Y., Isaak, C., Tilston-Jones, T., Sareen, J. and Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2013)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a systematic review that sought to evaluate a range of school-based suicide prevention curricula. The review examined the efficacy and limitations of several existing suicide programs. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are discussed.

This document has been viewed 7 times.
Factors Impacting Success of School-Based Suicide Prevention ProgramsAuthor(s): Balaguru, V., Sharma, J., & Waheed, W. (2012)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). At present, no evidence conclusively supports the use of any one specific type of school-based intervention for suicide prevention. This summary outlines a 2012 realist review (explanation rather than critique) that examined characteristics of interventions linked to a reduction in suicide attempts. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are provided.

This document has been viewed 6 times.
Factors related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents seeking mental health servicesAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Baiden, P. and Theall-Honey, L. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

This document has been viewed 299 times.
Healthy Relationships Program Improves Adolescents' Ability to Manage Peer ViolenceAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Broll, R., Zwarych, S., Hughes, R. and Wolfe, D. (2015)
This study investigated whether a healthy relationships program would improve students’ social and emotional skills related to knowledge about violence, critical thinking about the impact of violence, identification of coping strategies, and their
acceptability of violence. The researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 141 times.
Implementing Health Promotion Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Pearson, M., Chilton, R., Wyatt, K., Abraham, C., Ford, T., Woods, H., and Anderson, R. (2015)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2015 review of implementation strategies for health promotion programs in schools. Based on the findings, recommendations for effective health promotion strategies are highlighted.

This document has been viewed 101 times.
Increasing peer resistance skills through a school-based interventionAuthor(s): Wolfe, D., Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Hughes, R., Ellis, W. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The Fourth R is an evidence based intervention in schools that teaches youth how to have healthy relationships. Students who participate in the program learn strategies that can reduce their likelihood of engaging in peer pressure scenarios (when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness peer violence perpetration at a higher rate).

This document has been viewed 252 times.
Link between non-suicidal self-injury & suicidal behavioursAuthor(s): Hamza, C., Stewart, S., Willoughby, T. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

NSSI and suicidal behaviours are different behaviours that often co-occur. Little attention has been given to why these behaviours are linked. Since NSSI is considered one of the most significant risk factor for suicidal behaviours, it is crucial to examine the mechanism through which this occurs. Three theories have been proposed to explain the link between NSSI and suicidal behaviours and, in this summary, an integrated model of these theories is introduced.

This document has been viewed 184 times.
Mental health literacy curriculum in teacher preparation programs: Helping teacher candidates meet the mental health needs of studentsAuthor(s): Roger, S., Hibbert, K., Leschied, A., Pickel, L., Stepien, M., Atkins, M., Koenig, A., Woods, M., Vandermeer, M. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The concerns of education stakeholders about teachers’ mental health literacy mirror the lack of opportunities provided in their training. There is a need for a formal mental health literacy curriculum in teacher preparation programs.

This document has been viewed 280 times.
Physical Activity and School Engagement in YouthAuthor(s): Owen, K.B., Parker, P.D., Van Zanden, B., MacMillan, F., Astell-Burt, T. and Lonsdale, C. (2016)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a systematic review that examined the link between physical activity and school engagement in youth. Overall, the results suggest that promoting physical activity could improve school engagement. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are discussed.

This document has been viewed 221 times.
Poor peer & family relationships predict dating violence in adolescent girlsAuthor(s): Chiodo, D., Crooks, C.V., Wolfe, D.A., McIsaac, C., Hughs, R., and Jaffe, P.G. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The findings from this study underscore the importance of developing early prevention programming to enhance adolescent feelings of school connectedness, positive school attitudes, and engaging in personal control to reduce the likelihood of involvement in dating violence.

This document has been viewed 266 times.
Programs in Brief: Positive Action® ProgramAuthor(s): E-BEST, HWDSB (2013)
This "Programs in Brief" was developed by the E-BEST team at the Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board. You can view this and other summaries at the HWDSB website: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/about/research/

Positive Action® is a social and emotional learning (SEL) program
focused on promoting social skills and personal growth in students.

This document has been viewed 162 times.
School-Based Interventions to Prevent or Reduce Teen Dating ViolenceAuthor(s): De La Rue, L., Polanin, J. R., Espelage, D. L., Pigott, T.D. (2016)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a meta-analysis that set out to determine the effects of middle and high school-based dating violence prevention programs on teens' knowledge of and attitudes toward dating violence, rape myths acceptance, dating violence perpetration, dating violence victimization, and conflict tactics. Implications and recommendations for school-based interventions are highlighted.

This document has been viewed 9 times.
School-based violence prevention program offers a protective impact for youth with maltreatment historiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

This document has been viewed 302 times.
The “Downward Spiral” of Mental Health Problems and Early School-LeavingAuthor(s): Esch, P., Bocquet, V., Pull, C. et al. (2014)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a meta-analysis that examined the link between mental health and early school drop out. Findings add insight to reasons why students leave school early and the implications for educators and stakeholders in youth's academic achievement.

This document has been viewed 7 times.
Treatment of mental health disorders among children in child welfare careAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Leschie, A., den Dunnen, W., Zalmanowitz, S., Baiden, P. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Many children and youth in the child welfare system are receiving
inadequate mental health treatment. Evidence suggests that comprehensive intervention efforts involving the child or youth, family, school, and community are required for improving behavioural functioning and placement stability.

This document has been viewed 435 times.
Two Years of School-Based, Culturally Relevant Mentoring Promotes Positive Mental Health for FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Exner-Cortens, D., Burm, S., Lapointe, A. and Chiodo, D. (2016)
This study examined the effects of participation in a school-based, culturally relevant mentoring program on wellbeing among FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 128 times.
Use and perceptions of e-cigarettes among youth in CanadaAuthor(s): Czoli, C., Hammond, D. and White, C. (2014)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

The claim is that e-cigarettes deliver nicotine as effectively as regular cigarettes without the harmful chemicals, but this has yet to be proven
scientifically. Researchers looked at the rate of e-cigarette use among
Canadian youth (16-30 years), youth perceptions of e-cigarettes, and the factors associated with their use.

This document has been viewed 157 times.
What factors affect hospitalization of youth with mental health problems in Ontario?Author(s): Shannon Stewart, Chester Kam, and Phillip Baiden (2013)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

This study aimed to clarify the specific factors that affect how long youth stay in hospital for mental health problems and how likely they
are to be readmitted in the future.

This document has been viewed 219 times.