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Addressing the gap between service need and delivery of child and youth mental health servicesAuthor(s): Dr. Vicki Schwean; Dr. Susan Rodger (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This paper explored the need for ongoing innovation, development, and evaluation of public mental health policy related to child and youth mental health services. Authors proposed a vision in which demonstration and research sites partner with public health policy approaches and provide support through research and evidence informed practice.

This document has been viewed 198 times.
Adolescent identity as a buffer against peer pressure & risk behaviours Author(s): Dr. Tara Dumas; Dr. Wendy Ellis; Dr. David Wolfe (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study explored whether youths’ level of identity exploration and commitment to identity would moderate the relationship between peer pressure and control and risk behaviours. Over 1,000 students completed self-report measures of identity exploration, identity commitment, risky behaviours, and experiences of peer-group pressure and control.


This document has been viewed 174 times.
Bullying predicts dating violence & poor relationship qualityAuthor(s): Dr. Wendy Ellis; Dr. David Wolfe (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study showed that bullying predicts dating violence and poor relationship quality in adolescent dating relationships. These results illustrate how peer and dating relationship contexts are interconnected during adolescence. Youth who display aggression and other unhealthy behaviours in one type of relationship are likely to do so in others as well....

This document has been viewed 248 times.
Critical role of schools in child & youth mental healthAuthor(s): Dr. Alan Leschied; Dr. Gordon Flett; Dr. Donald Saklofske (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Mental health problems are common yet unidentified among youth. Approximately one million youth in Canada will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder and only 4% of these youth will receive the necessary services.

This document has been viewed 399 times.
Cultural Connectedness and Identity Foster Resilience in FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Claire Crooks, Dawn Burleigh and Ashley Sisco (2015)
This study explored the specific ways in which culturally relevant programming promotes resiliency in FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 107 times.
Culturally Relevant School-Based Programming for FNMI Youth: Improved Relationships, Confidence, Leadership and School SuccessAuthor(s): Claire Crooks, Dawn Burleigh, Angela Snowshoe, Andrea Lapp, Ray Hughes, and Ashley Sisco (2015)
This study evaluated the Fourth R Uniting Our Nations, a school-based, culturally relevant program for FNMI youth. Results highlighted multiple positive impacts of the program. Participants reported that...

This document has been viewed 188 times.
Effectiveness of mindfulness based interventions for youth in schoolsAuthor(s): Felver, et al. (2015)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Mindfulness‐based interventions have been broadly shown to be
effective for a variety of psycho‐social problems, and may be
effective with youth....many educators are choosing to include mindfulness exercises or practices as part of their classroom routines. A recent systematic review has examined what we know about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings.

This document has been viewed 262 times.
Emotional intelligence: The new answer for improving teacher efficacy and well-beingAuthor(s): Ashley Vesely; Dr. Donald Saklofske; Dr. Alan Leschied (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Emotional intelligence (EI) training may improve teachers’ psychological health, increase teachers’ efficacy, decrease their stress and job dissatisfaction, and promote positive student outcomes.

This document has been viewed 229 times.
Evaluating Culturally-Relevant Programs for Indigenous Youth: Challenges and StrategiesAuthor(s): Claire Crooks, Angela Snowshoe, Debbie Chiodo and Candace Brunette-Debassige (2013)
A balance must be found between a strict research design and honoring the requirements of a community-based partnership when evaluating programming for First Nations youth. The researchers found that community-based research partnerships are...

This document has been viewed 55 times.
Factors related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents seeking mental health servicesAuthor(s): Dr. Shannon Stewart; Philip Baiden; Laura Theall-Honey (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

This document has been viewed 256 times.
Healthy Relationships Program Improves Adolescents' Ability to Manage Peer ViolenceAuthor(s): Claire Crooks, Katreena Scott, Ryan Broll, Suzanne Zwarych, Ray Hughes and David Wolfe (2015)
This study investigated whether a healthy relationships program would improve students’ social and emotional skills related to knowledge about violence, critical thinking about the impact of violence, identification of coping strategies, and their
acceptability of violence. The researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 115 times.
Implementing Health Promotion Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): M. Pearson, R. Chilton, K. Wyatt, C. Abraham, T. Ford, H. Woods and R. Anderson (2015)
Schools have long been seen as a primary source of health promotion programs for children. Current health promotion practices in schools include such topics as: alcohol consumption, drug use, smoking, obesity, physical activity, sex and relationship education, and well‐being. Recent reviews suggest that...

This document has been viewed 5 times.
Increasing peer resistance skills through a school-based interventionAuthor(s): Dr. David Wolfe; Dr. Claire Crooks; Deb Chiodo; Ray Hughes, Dr. Wendy Ellis (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The research team examined youths' peer resistance skills after exposure to a healthy relationships curriculum. Through the use of role-play, trained observers recorded the frequency of participation in peer resistance skills. Results indicated that youth who participated in the healthy relationships program were more likely to demonstrate peer resistance skills when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness
peer violence perpetration at a higher rate than students who had not participated in the curriculum.

This document has been viewed 219 times.
Link between non-suicidal self-injury & suicidal behavioursAuthor(s): Dr. Chloe Hamza; Dr. Shannon Stewart; Dr. Teena Willoughby (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

NSSI and suicidal behaviours are different behaviours that often co-occur. Little attention has been given to why these behaviours are linked. Since NSSI is considered one of the most significant risk factor for suicidal behaviours, it is crucial to examine the mechanism through which this occurs. Three theories have been proposed to explain the link between NSSI and suicidal behaviours and, in this summary, an integrated model of these theories is introduced.

This document has been viewed 146 times.
Mental health literacy curriculum in teacher preparation programs: Helping teacher candidates meet the mental health needs of studentsAuthor(s): Dr. Susan Roger; Dr. Kathy Hibbert; Dr. Alan Leschied; Laurel Pickel, Magdalena Stepien, Melanie-Anne Atkins, Adam Koenig, Jessica Woods, Matthew Vandermeer (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The concerns of education stakeholders about teachers’ mental health literacy mirror the lack of opportunities provided in their training. There is a need for a formal mental health literacy curriculum in teacher preparation programs.

This document has been viewed 256 times.
Physical Activity and School Engagement in YouthAuthor(s): K.B. Owen; P.D. Parker; B. Van Zanden; F. MacMillan, T. Astell-Burt & C. Lonsdale (2016)
There is growing pressure placed on educators to increase academic performance scores. This can translate into the perception that time spent in the classroom is more beneficial to academic performance, compared to time spent promoting and doing physical activity. This systematic review suggests that this perspective is flawed because providing opportunities for physical activity benefits academic achievement by improving school engagement. The results suggest that the best practice for implementing physical activity for students, both children and adolescents, is one session of...

This document has been viewed 44 times.
Poor peer & family relationships predict dating violence in adolescent girlsAuthor(s): Deb Chiodo; Dr. Claire Crooks; Dr. David Wolfe; Dr. Caroline McIsaac, Ray Hughes, Dr. Peter Jaffe (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined risk factors associated with adolescent girls and dating violence as both victims and perpetrators. Researchers found that the presence of negative factors like poor peer and familial relationships in earlier grades were predictive of dating violence involvement in later grades.

This document has been viewed 234 times.
Programs in Brief: Positive Action® ProgramAuthor(s): E-BEST, HWDSB (2013)
This "Programs in Brief" was developed by the E-BEST team at the Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board. You can view this and other summaries at the HWDSB website: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/about/research/

Positive Action® is a social and emotional learning (SEL) program
focused on promoting social skills and personal growth in students.

This document has been viewed 139 times.
School-based violence prevention program offers a protective impact for youth with maltreatment historiesAuthor(s): Dr. Claire Crooks; Dr. Katreena Scott; Dr. Wendy Ellis; Dr. David Wolfe (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

This document has been viewed 272 times.
Treatment of mental health disorders among children in child welfare careAuthor(s): Dr. Shannon Stewart; Dr. Alan Leschied; Wendy den Dunnen; Dr. Sharla Zalmanowitz, Dr. Sharla Zalmanowitz, Philip Baiden (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Many children and youth in the child welfare system are receiving inadequate mental health treatment. Evidence suggests that comprehensive intervention efforts involving the child or youth, family, school, and community are required for improving behavioural functioning and placement stability.

This document has been viewed 400 times.
Two Years of School-Based, Culturally Relevant Mentoring Promotes Positive Mental Health for FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Claire Crooks, Deinera Exner-Cortens, Sarah Burm, Alicia Lapointe and Debbie Chiodo (2016)
This study examined the effects of participation in a school-based, culturally relevant mentoring program on wellbeing among FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 68 times.
Use and perceptions of e-cigarettes among youth in CanadaAuthor(s): Christine Czoli, David Hammond, and Christine White (2014)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

The claim is that e-cigarettes deliver nicotine as effectively as regular cigarettes without the harmful chemicals, but this has yet to be proven
scientifically. Researchers looked at the rate of e-cigarette use among
Canadian youth (16-30 years), youth perceptions of e-cigarettes, and the factors associated with their use.

This document has been viewed 134 times.
What factors affect hospitalization of youth with mental health problems in Ontario?Author(s): Shannon Stewart, Chester Kam, and Phillip Baiden (2013)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

This study aimed to clarify the specific factors that affect how long youth stay in hospital for mental health problems and how likely they
are to be readmitted in the future.

This document has been viewed 195 times.