Search Results

The New Mentality: Youth-adult partnerships in community mental health promotionAuthor(s): Ramey, H. and Rose-Krasnor, L. (2015)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Brock University researchers examined The New Mentality pilot program to explore what makes youth-adult partnerships work, and identify the potential benefit of youth-adult partnerships in child and youth community mental health promotion.

Viewed 376 times.
Exploring the Power of Growing PatternsAuthor(s): Beatty, R. (2014)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

This monograph explores how teachers can present and discuss growing patterns to introduce students to functions, an integral part of algebraic thinking.

Viewed 1,088 times.
Using Digital Technology to Support Word Study InstructionAuthor(s): McQuirter Scott, R. (2014)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

Students encounter a wide range of vocabulary as they search multiple websites, listen to video and audio files, and engage in social media. Digital technologies can present an alternative way of teaching word study, while still addressing many concerns of traditional paper-and-pencil resources.

Viewed 1,345 times.
Making Math Children Will LoveAuthor(s): Colgan, L. (2014)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

Evidence suggests that learning is energized by affect. We, as educators, must turn our attention to resources and strategies that improve students’ relationships with mathematics content and processes and pique students’ motivation, emotion, interest and attention.

Viewed 1,009 times.
Cultivating Student Engagement Through Interactive Art StrategiesAuthor(s): Cho, C.; Vitale, J. (2014)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

While we know that engaged students are more invested in their learning, the arts remain an underutilized strategy for student engagement. The reality is that many teachers lack confidence teaching both visual arts and music. We feel strongly that the generalist teacher can develop a repertoire of strategies – such as those discussed here – to increase their confidence and provide authentic and sincere arts-based experiences for learners.

Viewed 1,151 times.
The Inclusion of English Language Learners in French as a Second Language ClassroomsAuthor(s): Mady, C. (2012)
This study examined French as a Second Language teachers’ knowledge and beliefs about the inclusion of English Language Learner (ELL) students in French as an Official Second Language (FSOL) classes.

Viewed 829 times.
The Effects of Short Bilingual Exchange ProgramsAuthor(s): Mady, C. (2011)
This research examined the impact of participating in a short term bilingual exchange (for a period of less than two weeks), 6 to10 years after the exchange. Specifically, the researcher examined the following three questions: 1) What are the long-term linguistic outcomes for exchange participants as identified years following their exchange experience?; 2) What are the long-term non-linguistic outcomes (participation in other program opportunities, career choice) for exchange participants as identified years following their exchange experience?, and 3) How do former exchange participants link the above outcomes to the exchange experience?

Viewed 595 times.
Adolescent Attitudes Towards SchizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A., and Adalf, E. (2010)
This study investigated adolescent knowledge of schizophrenia and their attitudes towards persons with the disorder. This study aimed to understand the how knowledge about schizophrenia is associated with social distancing behavior (or behaving in a way to not wanting to associate with people with schizophrenia).

Viewed 687 times.
Experiences of Immigrant Students in French as a Second Language ClassroomsAuthor(s): Mady, C. (2012)
This study investigated how immigrant students perceive the experience the study of French as a Second Official Language (FSOL) in Canada’s English- dominant elementary and secondary schools.

Viewed 701 times.
Parents' experiences seeking help for their children with mental health issuesAuthor(s): Reid, G., Cunningham, C., Tobon, J. and Evans, B. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

Having families involved with multiple mental health agencies can lead to greater system costs, increased burdens on families,
insufficient treatment, or unequal distribution of services. Administrators and policymakers may find this study interesting in order to re-evaluate the structure and service model of the mental health system.

Viewed 614 times.
What do teen immigrants say about drug addition?Author(s): Hamilton, H., Mann, R. and Noh, S. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

This study looks at what stigmas teens have against drug addiction and what factors lead to these attitudes. Educators may be interested in these findings because most drug prevention programs make use of stigmas and direct their anti-drug messages at young teens.

Viewed 640 times.
Critical Literacy Instruction and Primary StudentsAuthor(s): MacDonald, J., Halvorsen, M. and Wilcox, C. (2009)
This action research study examined the impact of critical literacy instruction on primary students’ ability to respond critically to text. Specifically, the researchers explored primary students’ understanding of voice (which character’s message is most prominently portrayed); voiceless (which character’s message is marginalized ); the voiceless perspective (what a character might say); and the author’s message (what meanings and values does the text convey).

Viewed 1,259 times.
Social Justice as a Priority in New Teacher InductionAuthor(s): Pinto, L., Portelli, J., Rottmann, C. and Pashby, K. (2012)
This research study explored the degree to which social justice was prioritized by Ontario school administrators, as part of the New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP). This study aimed to understand the ways in which administrators influenced the social justice practices of beginning teachers.

Viewed 592 times.
Factors that Influence the Physical Activity Levels of Youth in Urban and Rural SettingsAuthor(s): Loucaides, C., Plotnikoff, R. and Bercovitz, K. (2007)
This study investigated the difference in physical activity (PA) levels of urban and rural youth in Canada. Specifically, the researchers explored the psychological, demographic, behavioural, and social factors affecting the level of PA for Canadian youth in urban and rural settings.

Viewed 867 times.
Cross-language activation of phonology in young bilingual readersAuthor(s): Jared, D., Cormier, P., Levy, B. and Wade-Woolley, L. (2012)
This study investigated the extent to which FI students whose first language is English identify and process words in both English and French during reading. Specifically the researchers explored whether students simultaneously learning two languages that share the same alphabet mentally store and retrieve words through a language specific system—French only or English only, or whether students posses a larger lexicon where their knowledge of both French and English words is invoked during the reading process.

Viewed 596 times.
Volunteer Youth Exchange Programs and Second Language LearningAuthor(s): Arnott, S. and Mady, C. (2012)
Second language exchange programs provide students with an opportunity to practice their language skills in an authentic setting. This study examined the impact of a Volunteer Youth Exchange (VYE) program on participants’ motivation to learn a second language (French or English).

Specifically, the researchers focused on the following two research questions: 1) How do the participants’ motivation to learn a second language (L2) and their self-assessment of their L2 compare pre and post volunteer experience?, and 2) What aspects of the volunteer experience may have influenced VYE participants’ willingness to communicate in their second language?

Viewed 1,027 times.
Perspectives on the Afrocentric School: Voices of Black YouthAuthor(s): Gordon, M. and Zinga, D. (2012)
In 2009 the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) opened the first black-focused or africentric school in Ontario. This study explored the opinions of black youth regarding the proposal of a black-focused school. Specifically the research aimed to explore black youths’ ideas about whether a black-focused school would address the issue of academic disengagement amongst black students.

Viewed 642 times.
Using Theatre to Examine Social Issues and Change School CultureAuthor(s): Gallagher, G. and Service, I. (2010)
This study examines the use of theatre to stimulate discussions about social issues and changes to school culture.The play tells the story of one boy’s struggle to overcome economic hardship, and the schools selected to show the play were chosen because of their large enrolments of students from low socio-economic backgrounds. The play was followed up with teacher professional development workshops to support the implementation of the overall program which was designed to help schools reduce the effects of poverty on students.

Viewed 5,843 times.
The Impact of Ontario’s “Healthy Schools” Program on Students’ Oral HealthAuthor(s): Muirhead, V. and Lawrence, H. (2011)
While many school-based oral health initiatives have targeted specific behaviors such as tooth brushing, this study examined the impact of the broader Ontario’s “Healthy Schools” initiative on the oral health of students. Launched in 2006, this program focuses on broader issues of health promotion including healthy eating, substance use, physical activity, and personal safety amongst others.

Viewed 613 times.
Supporting teachers who engage in district-wide, school-based programs: The experiences of PrincipalsAuthor(s): Gallagher, T. and Grierson, A. (2011)
This study examined the experiences of school administrators whose schools were the hosting sites of a district-wide professional learning initiative in one Ontario school board. Intended to assist with the implementation of evidence- based literacy and numeracy practices, four teachers from across the board were chosen to host demonstration classrooms where other teachers could visit and observe research-based instructional practices in action.

Viewed 759 times.
Sexual Health Education Among Teens New to CanadaAuthor(s): Salehi, R. and Flicker, S. and the Toronto Teen Survey Team. (2010)
This research article describes part of a larger study that explored the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. Specifically, this article investigates the factors that influence teens’ access to sexual health education with a focus on newcomers to Canada.

Viewed 696 times.
Serving Communities with High Incidences of Poverty: Success Stories from Ontario Elementary SchoolsAuthor(s): Flessa, J. and Gallagher-McKay, K. and Ciuffetelli Parker, D. (2010)
Previous literature suggests that the effects of child poverty is a challenging issue for students, teachers, and school administrators (Bascia, 1996). In collaboration with the Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario (ETFO), this study focused on the work of 11 Ontario elementary schools in order to understand “how schools can best work with students and communities affected by poverty” (p. 5).

Viewed 1,140 times.
The relationship between report cards and EQAO scores.Author(s): Ross, J. and Kostuch, L. (2011)
This study examined the relationship between report card grades and student scores on the Educational Quality and Assessment Office (EQAO) tests in grades 3 and 6 for the 2007-2009 school years.
More specifically, this study was guided by three main research questions:
a) What is the level of agreement between report card grades and EQAO scores?
b) Do factors such as gender, subject area, student achievement, or grade level impact the level of agreement between these two indicators student achievement?
c) How well do report card grades predict the likelihood of success on the standardized assessments?

Viewed 591 times.
Students report their perception of, and satisfaction with, school-based sexual health educationAuthor(s): Meaney, G., Rye, B.J., Wood, E. and Soloviena, E. (2009)
This study investigated high school graduates’ perceptions of and satisfaction with their school-based sexual health education. In particular, the researchers were interested in how gender and the type of school attended (public or Catholic) impacted graduates’ views of their sexual health education.

Viewed 675 times.
Secondary Students’ Perceptions of School RulesAuthor(s): Raby, R. and Domitrek, J. (2007)
This study examined how secondary students in southern Ontario perceive and engage with their school’s code of conduct. In particular, the researchers were interested in exploring students’ opinions on specific rules, when they might accept them and when they might challenge or resist them.

Viewed 660 times.
Creating a Student-Driven Museum WorkshopAuthor(s): Lemelin, N. & Bencze, L. (2004)
This article explores a collaborative research project between two university researchers and personnel from the Education Department at a science and technology museum in Ontario. The personnel were, for the most part, unfamiliar with constructivist learning theories that position students as active learners. The study focused on assessing the effectiveness of the workshop in engaging students in open-ended inquiry and invention projects and developing scientific literacy.

Viewed 621 times.
Supporting Teachers to Work with Children with ExceptionalitiesAuthor(s): Killoran, I., Zaretsky, H, Jordan, A., Smith, D., Allard, C. & Moloney, J. (2012).
The study had two purposes. The College of Teachers wanted to explore further revisions to the Three-Part Schedule D AQ courses in Special Education. The researchers wanted to determine how a virtual network could support the implementation of the revised AQ guidelines and build capacity for teachers working with children with exceptionalities. The findings point to how a network could be designed to support the implementation of revised AQ course guidelines and build teacher capacity.

Viewed 1,140 times.
Inclusion in French ClassroomsAuthor(s): Arnett, K. (2008)
This study endeavored to describe the ways in which a Grade 8 Core French teacher sought to support the diverse learning needs in one of her classes. Using classroom observations guided by an observation scheme and a series of teacher interviews, the study was able to describe the practices and principles which were featured in her teaching that existed
for the purpose of scaffolding support for her students.

Viewed 776 times.
Student Self-handicapping in Mathematics ClassroomsAuthor(s): Ferguson, J. M., Dorman, J. P. (2003)
This study investigated the relationship between classroom environment and secondary students self-handicapping behaviour. The researchers define self-handicapping as a “proactive, avoidance behaviour... designed to manipulate other people’s perceptions of performance outcomes so that the self-handicapping student appears worthy to other people in the school”. Examples of self-handicapping behaviour include deliberately not trying in class, fooling around the night before an examination, and putting off studying until the last minute.

Viewed 771 times.
The Impact of Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace Anti-Bullying ProgramAuthor(s): Beran, T., & Shapiro, B. (2005)
This study investigated the effectiveness of one anti-bullying program, Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace (Woodfine, Lubimiv, & Langlois, 1995), performed at over 100 elementary schools and community groups across Ontario. The program uses 3-foot tall, hand-androd puppets to enact a bully scenario intended to educate students about different types of bullying behaviors and strategies for conflict resolution.

Viewed 1,256 times.
Supporting Students with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD): An Intervention ModelAuthor(s): Missiuna, C., Pollock, N., Campbell, W. N., Bennett, S., Hecimovich, C., Gaines, R., DeCola, C., Cairney, J., Russell, D and Molinaro, E. (2012)
Many students in Ontario’s public schools receive occupational therapy services to meet a variety of needs. Often, this involves a qualified occupational therapist (OT) working one-on-one with a student within the school setting. Unfortunately, there are not enough OTs available to work with all of the students who need support, and students can wait between 1 to 2 years on a waitlist before receiving OT service (Deloitte & Touche, 2010).

Partnering for Change (P4C) is an innovative service delivery intervention model for students with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD).In the P4C intervention model, OTs work with classroom teachers and parents to build their capacity in supporting students’ occupational therapy needs. For example, OTs will coach parents and teachers to identify and implement strategies to improve students’ functioning at school.

Viewed 1,145 times.
Examining Race Representation in an Ontario Secondary Social Science TextbookAuthor(s): Rezai-Rashti, G.M. and McCarthy, C. (2008)
This study investigates the representations of race, multiculturalism, and anti-racism in one secondary social sciences textbook used in Ontario schools. In particular, the researchers were interested in examining how Ontario Ministry of Education curriculum policy documents for social sciences were translated into supporting textbooks by publishers.

Viewed 1,252 times.
Preventing Alcohol Use Problems Among Aboriginal YouthAuthor(s): Rawana J.S and Ames M.E. (2011)
This summary was produced by EENet. For more information on EENet and access to other summaries, please visit http://eenet.ca/

Youth who experiment with alcohol may be at risk of future alcohol use problems. Studies and trends show that Aboriginal youth may be at an even greater risk of developing such alcohol and drug use problems. For all teens, certain risk factors may worsen their vulnerability to developing alcohol disorders. Likewise, certain protective factors ward off alcohol dependence amongst teens. This study examines the protective factors of alcohol use among off-reserve Canadian Aboriginal youth.

Viewed 1,081 times.
The Performance of French Speaking Minority StudentAuthor(s): Bouchamma, Y. and Lapointe, C. (2008)
Recent studies have raised concerns about the writing achievement of minority French-speaking students (students who attend school in provinces where the majority of the population speaks a language other than French) when compared with French-speaking and English speaking students who live in majority environments (in which the majority of the population speaks the same language as the student). This study examines the causes that students attribute to their writing successes and failures in minority and majority French-speaking Canadian provinces, including Ontario.

Viewed 1,201 times.
Supporting Young People with Disabilities in their Transition to Adult Services: Developing Best PracticesAuthor(s): Stewart, D. (2009)
Transitioning from school and youth services to adult services can be a very challenging process for young people with disabilities and their families. This article reports on the Best Practice Project, a joint effort of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care, the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation, and the Ontario Children’s Rehabilitation
Network. Facilitated by a team of researchers, the project focused on establishing best practice guidelines for the process of transitioning from school and youth services to adult services for young people with physical and developmental disabilities in Ontario.

Viewed 1,226 times.
Is Gender a Consideration in the Hiring and Rotation of Secondary School Principals?Author(s): Reynolds, C., White, R., Brayman, C. and Moore, S. (2008)
Government statistics from the early 2000s in Ontario, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia illustrate that the percentage of women secondary school principals has risen over the past thirty years. This study investigated whether gender is a factor in the hiring and rotation practices of school boards within these four provinces.

Viewed 919 times.
What Factors Impact University Participation in Canada?Author(s): Christofides, L.N., Hoy, M. and Yang, L. (2009)
Increased enrolment in post-secondary education institutions is generally thought to have a positive impact on a country’s future prospects. This research investigates the factors that impact on a young adult’s decision to pursue post-secondary education and, specifically, the impact of tuition fees, family income, parental educational attainment, gender, and university premium (perceived return on investment) on university attendance.

Viewed 1,262 times.
Online learning environments: The experiences of prospective teachersAuthor(s): Duncan, H.E., & Barnett, J. (2010)
Since 2005 many schools in the K-12 system have increased their offering of online courses (Watson, Gemin, & Ryan, 2008). This study examined the experiences of 19 pre-service teachers from one Ontario Faculty of Education who were enrolled in a course designed to teach effective online teaching skills. Topics covered by the course included designing and delivering online course content and the ethics of online teaching. The course itself was delivered using a blended approach with both online and face-to-face class sessions and ran from September to December in the fall of 2007.

Viewed 1,308 times.
Participation at Canadian Universities: A Growing Gender GapAuthor(s): Christofides, L.N., Hoy, M. and Yang, L. (2010)
The participation rate of young women at universities has steadily been increasing, with women now more likely to enroll in university than men. For example, in 2005, a 15 percentage point gap existed between the participation rate of women at university compared to men. This research study investigated the factors influencing young people’s decision to attend university and whether these factors are different for men and women.

Viewed 1,307 times.
Programs in Brief: Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS)Author(s): The PALS program was developed by the Kennedy Centre for Human Development at Vanderbilt University.
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on the Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) program. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"PALS is a systematic class‐wide reading program for students in
kindergarten to grade 6. PALS builds reading fluency and
comprehension skills through a set of activities that students are
engaged in for 35 – 45 minute sessions, 3 – 4 times a week. The
classroom teacher provides the initial lesson followed by a
prescribed lesson with materials provided . This is followed by
students working in pairs to practice and reinforce the skills
taught."

Viewed 2,037 times.
Pre-service Teachers’ Perceptions of BullyingAuthor(s): Craig, K., Bell, D.& Leschied, A. (2011)
School-based bullying has increasingly attracted the attention of educational policy makers, parents, academics, and educators over the past decade. This study investigates pre-service teachers’ knowledge of, and attitudes about, school-based bullying. Specifically, this research investigates the impact of a pre-service teacher’s gender, prior experiences with different types of bullying, and the type of faculty of education program they are enrolled in (primary-junior, junior- intermediate, or intermediate-senior), on the likelihood that he/she will intervene in incidents of school-based bullying.

Viewed 1,630 times.
What ECE Teachers Think About Integrating Computer Technology in Early Childhood EducationAuthor(s): Wood, E., Specht, J., Willoughby, T. & Mueller, J. (2008)
This research study examined the perceptions of early childhood educators regarding integrating computer technology into pre-school classrooms. Specifically, this research focused on educators’ perceived advantages and disadvantages of such computer use and the barriers and supports that exist for pre-school educators in teaching computer technology curricula.

Viewed 1,394 times.
Dual-credit programming: The challenges and opportunitiesAuthor(s): Watt-Malcolm, B. (2011)
Dual-credit systems, or the opportunity for secondary students to earn credits at high school and college levels simultaneously (Lekes et al., 2007) is well established in the United States. As part of a larger study that examines secondary school apprenticeships and partnerships, this study investigates the tensions that exist in the implementation of dual credit systems in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia with a specific focus on dual-credit for apprenticeship training.

Viewed 950 times.
Teaching Science as a Process of InquiryAuthor(s): Melville W., Bartley A. & Fazio, X. (2012)
This study investigated the attitudes and experiences of pre-service secondary school science teachers who are learning to teach science as a process of inquiry. The pre-service teachers were enrolled in a full-year science methodology course at an Ontario faculty of education, which aimed to challenge the belief that scientific investigation is only conducted using one universal step-by-step process.


Viewed 1,226 times.
Adolescents’ knowledge of and stigma towards schizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A. & Adlaf, E. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"For people living with mental illness, stigma can be a large barrier that prevents improvement in their lives. But little research has been done to understand how stigma emerges in youth. This research explores how adolescent stigma toward people with schizophrenia is related to demographics. It also looks at how much knowledge adolescents have about the mental disorder."

Viewed 1,422 times.
Attitudes of Staff Working with People with Intellectual DisabilitiesAuthor(s): Jones, J., Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Vilela, T. & Brown, H. (2008)
This study investigated the attitudes of staff working in the field of Intellectual Disabilities. Specifically, this research explored whether staff working with people with Intellectual disabilities in a variety of community agencies supported a philosophy of inclusion. Furthermore, this research investigated whether or not differences in attitude about inclusion can be explained by demographic characteristics including: age, gender, and level of education.

Viewed 1,278 times.
Immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment matter to children’s mental health and behaviourAuthor(s): Hamilton, H.A., Marshall, L., Rummens, J.A., Fenta, H. & Simich, L. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Previous studies have shown that children’s perceptions of their school environment are related to their academic outcomes and wellbeing. Less research has been focused on the importance of parents’ perceptions of school environment on child adjustment. Parental perception of school environment may be important for immigrants because schools are a central aspect of family adaptation. This study looks at the relationship between immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment and the emotional and behavioural problems of their children."

Viewed 997 times.
Neighbourhood connectedness can reduce teen drug useAuthor(s): Erickson, P.G., Adlaf, E.M., Harrison, L., Cook, S. & Cousineau, M. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Collective Efficacy is a theory that has been shown to explain for patterns in youth crime at the neighbourhood and community level. It suggests that when parents are well connected to their children’s friends and the other people in the neighbourhood, and are willing to intervene for the common good, this decreases the likelihood of youth crime
occurring. This study tested to see if this theory could be applied to predict drug use among adolescents."

Viewed 1,155 times.
What are young bloggers saying about mental health?Author(s): Marcus, M.A., Westra, H., Eastwood, J.D. & Barnes, K.L. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"The widespread use of Internet blogs has created a unique space for hearing from young people. Few studies, however, have looked at these blogs to gain a better picture of the experiences of young people with mental health problems – until now."

Viewed 1,732 times.
How Well Aligned Are Large-Scale Assessments and Report Card Grades?Author(s): Ross, J.A. & Gray, P. (2008)
The use of standardized external assessments as an indicator of student achievement has long been a controversial issue in most educational circles. This study compared students’ Education and Quality Assessment Office (EQAO) scores and their report card grades to determine whether students receive comparable ratings on the two assessments. Specifically, this study investigated the following research question: How well aligned are large-scale assessments and report-card grades?

Viewed 1,282 times.
Ensuring Students with Learning Disabilities Have Proper Documentation as they Transition into Post-secondary InstitutionsAuthor(s): Harrison, A.G., Nichols, E., Larochette, A. (2008)
The Ontario Human Rights Code (1990) guarantees students diagnosed with a learning disability (LD) the right to accommodations that meet their academic needs at the post-secondary level (College and University). Not all students, however, arrive equipped with the necessary documentation to guarantee this support. This study investigated the quality of documentation presented by students entering post-secondary institutions in support of their LD and, in so doing, exposes current practices for identifying students (declaring students Exceptional) at the elementary and secondary levels.

Viewed 1,230 times.
Is it Better to Have Generalist or Specialist Teachers Teach Physical Education in Elementary Schools?Author(s): Faulkner, G., Dwyer; J., Irving, H., Allison, K., Adlaf, E., Goodman, J. (2008)
This research investigated whether Physical Education (PE) specialist teachers delivered more PE lessons and provide increased opportunities for moderate and vigorous physical activity than generalist teachers. The researchers also examined whether specialist or generalist PE teachers had any impact on perceptions of Physical activity within the broader school, and whether either teacher had an impact on the engagement of students in extracurricular physical activities, such as intramural sports, offered within a school.

Viewed 966 times.
Islamic Schooling in OntarioAuthor(s): Zine, J. (2004)
Four full-time Islamic schools are the focus of this study on alternative schooling. The objectives of this research were: to identify the role and function of Islamic schooling in a diasporic context; to understand the role of Islamic education in the development of Islamic identity; to examine the Islamization of knowledge and pedagogy in Islamic schools.

This research study also focused on the knowledge production of Islamically-centred education, the teaching strategies and ways of socialization and discipline. These areas are examined to understand the religious and spiritual traditions of Islam in schools.

Viewed 864 times.
The Relationship Between Student Self-Efficacy and Ability in Reading and WritingAuthor(s): Corkett, J., Hatt, B., Benevides, T. (2011)
Bandura (1977) coined the term "self-efficacy", which can be understood as a person’s belief in his/her ability to do something. This research study explored the relationship between teacher and student self-efficacy and students’ actual ability in reading and writing as measured on a standardized test.

Viewed 1,270 times.
Is It Beneficial for Students with Disabilities to Participate in the IPRC Process?Author(s): Savaria, E. (2011)
This study investigated the extent to which young people with disabilities (in Ontario) participate in the process that results in their identification as an Exceptional student by an Individual Placement and Review Committee (IPRC), and how this participation impacts their self-concept.

Viewed 1,082 times.
Student Motivation to Learn Core FrenchAuthor(s): Mady, C. (2010)
This study investigated the motivation of students born in Canada (and whose first language was English) to learn French, compared with Allophone students (students whose first language was neither French nor English) and who were born outside of Canada. Specifically, this study compared the motivation of Allophones who began learning French in grade 9 after coming to Canada, to Canadian-born students who began learning French in grade 4.

Viewed 936 times.
Exploring the Use of Literature Across Elementary CurriculumAuthor(s): Pantaleo, S. (2002)
This study investigated the use of literature in elementary classrooms across subject areas. The researcher explored teacher and teacher-librarians’ use of different genres of literature including: realistic fiction (stories about everyday life), non-fiction, fantasy (science fiction, quest stories), poetry, traditional literature (myths, legends, folktales), and historical fiction. The researcher investigated the overall use of these genres by teachers and teacher-librarians and also the use of Canadian literature within each genre.

Viewed 1,258 times.
Teachers Identify Their Coping Strategies for the Perceived Stresses of Inclusive ClassroomsAuthor(s): Brackenreed, D. (2011)
Adjusting to the demands of inclusive classrooms can be a stressful experience for Ontario teachers (Leithwood, 2006). This study investigated the coping strategies used by teachers in Ontario to manage this stress.

Viewed 1,052 times.
The Role of School-Community Partnerships in the Character Development of Secondary School YouthAuthor(s): Hands, C. (2008)
While many Ontario schools include character development and citizenship education as part of their curriculum, these topics have traditionally been taught to students in classrooms within the boundaries of schools. This research, on the other hand, investigated a character education program in one school that involved school-community partnerships.

Viewed 1,108 times.
Gender and Racial Advocacy Amongst Women AdministratorsAuthor(s): Wallace, J. (2007)
Drawing on data from two studies, the researcher explored equity policy development in Ontario and the cultural and racial advocacy practices of former female administrators in the province.

Viewed 892 times.
College MathematicsAuthor(s): Orpwood, G., Schollen, L. (2011)
The College Mathematics Project tracks first semester college mathematics achievement in all 24 colleges in Ontario, relating it to age, gender, and students secondary school mathematics backgrounds. It also promotes deliberations concerning ways to increase student success in college mathematics.

Viewed 1,141 times.
How is Literacy Portrayed in Ontario Curriculum Policy Documents?Author(s): Hyslop‐Margison, E. J., Pinto, L. (2007)
In this article, the researchers distinguish between two types of literacy: functional and critical literacy. While literacy can be understood as the skill of learning how to read and write in order to gain employment (functional literacy), another view is that literacy can empower and liberate students by promoting an understanding of societal power relations and encouraging students to challenge the inequities of current labour conditions (critical literacy). The purpose of this research was to examine the different ways in which the concept of literary is portrayed in educational policy documents related to secondary career education in Ontario.

Viewed 935 times.
How Are Sexual and Gender Identities Represented in an Ontario Science Text?Author(s): Bazzul, J., Sykes, H. (2011)
This study investigated gender and sexuality bias in one science text used in Ontario schools. In particular, the study was guided by two main research questions:

1. Does the text support the existence of alternative sexualities (Lesbian, gay, and bisexual, for example)?

2. Does the text promote fixed sex and gender identities only (omitting transgendered, transsexual, and intersexed identities, for example)?

Viewed 1,430 times.
Supporting Aboriginal Educators in Pre-service Training Programs and in their Careers as TeachersAuthor(s): Kitchen, J., Cherubini, L., Trudeau, L., Hodson, J. (2010)
This research explored the experiences of six Aboriginal teachers in both mainstream and native teacher education programs in Ontario. These early-career teachers from the Mohawk, Anishinabe and Métis groups reflected upon the challenges they encountered during their teacher preparation courses and first years of teaching. Specifically, this research identified the need to design current teacher education programs that value the individual and cultural identities of Aboriginal teacher candidates.

Viewed 1,884 times.
Student Teacher Stress and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Montgomery, C., MacFarlane, L., Trumpower, D., Lloyd, R. (2012)
Student teachers (pre-service teachers who are completing teaching practicums within schools) can be under significant stress as they attempt to prove their skills and adapt to their supervisor’s style, all while undergoing constant evaluation. Some studies have suggested that these stressors may leave student teachers feeling burnt out before their career even begins. Recent studies have identified physical activity as a way to cope with stress, although research examining the relationship between student teacher stress and exercise has remain limited.

The purpose of this study was to identify the main sources of student teacher stress and investigate the relationship between levels of stress and participation in physical activity. Stress, for the purpose of this study, is defined as tension that arises when the demands of one’s surroundings exceeds one’s personal coping strategies.

Viewed 1,030 times.
Physical Activity Programs in Ontario Elementary SchoolsAuthor(s): Dwyer, J., Kenneth, A., LeMoine, K., Faulkner, G., Adlaf, E., Goodman, J., and Lysy, D. (2008)
The role of schools in providing opportunities for physical activity has become a topic of importance, as previous studies in Canada report both an increase in childhood obesity and a decrease in children’s daily physical activity. This study examines the physical activity programs offered in Ontario schools and the barriers that educators believe exist to providing these programs.

Viewed 841 times.
Internet Safety in SchoolsAuthor(s): Barnett, J. (2005)
This study investigated internet safety within Southern Ontario schools. Specifically, the researcher explores whether preservice teachers believe their students are involved in unsafe internet practices and whether schools are being sufficiently proactive about on-line student safety.

Viewed 1,207 times.
Global Education: Confusion, Clarity, and Teacher PreparationAuthor(s): Reimer, K., McLean, L. (2010)
This summary was created by the CSSE's Canadian Journal of Education and is available on their website, along with other Knowledge Mobilization Snapshots, at http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/KMS.htm or via their homepage at www.cje-rce.ca.

This research snapshot summarizes a study of a teacher education program on global education:

"The purpose of the study was to discover and describe how the Developing a Global Perspective for Educators/ Développement d’une perspective globale pour enseignants et enseignantes Programme (DGPE/DPGEE) Project conceptualizes and expresses global education in the teacher education at the University of Ottawa, as well as how teacher candidates who participated in the project express global education."


Viewed 992 times.
Successful practices for immigrant parent involvement: An Ontario perspectiveAuthor(s): Ladky, M, Stagg, S. (2007)
This study brings together the perspectives of 21 immigrant parents who speak eight different languages
and have been in Canada less than six years with those of 61 teachers and 32 principals who work in
schools with English as a second language (ESL) populations of 20% or greater who have been recognized
as successfully involving immigrant parents in their children's schooling.

Viewed 1,346 times.
Monocultural to Multicultural: Parent PerceptionsAuthor(s): Levine-Rasky, C. (2009)
This summary was created by the CSSE's Canadian Journal of Education and is available on their website, along with other Knowledge Mobilization Snapshots, at http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/KMS.htm or via their homepage at www.cje-rce.ca.

This research snapshot summarizes a study on parent perceptions on multiculturalism:

"Cynthia Levine-Rasky of Queen’s University conducted a study of one elementary public school where, as a result of an increase to the immigrant population in the elementary school’s catchment area, a significant shift from being predominantly white and middle class to a more diverse student body occurred."

Viewed 984 times.
Teaching English Language LearnersAuthor(s): Cummins, J. (2012)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO): http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research on teaching English Language Learners (ELL students):

Viewed 1,025 times.
How Teachers Can Use ResearchAuthor(s): Levin, B. (2012)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research on how teachers can use research to inform their practice:

"Education research has an important contribution to make to practice, but teachers face two big challenges
in getting the most value from research evidence. First, how can teachers learn about the findings and
implications of high quality research? Second, how do teachers turn the rather general findings of research
into practices that work in very different schools and classrooms?"



Viewed 1,035 times.
Prevent Bullying by Promoting Healthy RelationshipsAuthor(s): Pepler, D. (2011)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of bullying prevention:

"Teachers are critical in socializing children and shaping their relationships through moment-tomoment
interactions with their students. Through 20 years of research, we have come to
understand bullying as a relationship problem in which an individual uses power and aggression
to control and distress another....If bullying is a relationship problem, then it requires relationship solutions."

Viewed 1,856 times.
Why the Arts MatterAuthor(s): Upitis, R. (2011)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of Arts education:

"Many teachers are aware that the arts can be key in reaching students who do not respond well to traditional forms of learning. The arts also help students analyze complex issues from multiple perspectives. There is mounting evidence that the arts develop critical thinking skills, contribute to self-confidence, encourage risk-taking, and bolster achievement in other subjects."

Viewed 1,345 times.
Predicting Students' FuturesAuthor(s): Levin, B. (2011)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of predicting students' futures:

"Teachers often feel that they can predict students’ futures; that we can tell by, say, age 6 or 8
students’ academic destinies. This view is strengthened by studies that show a strong relationship
between various characteristics of students, such as their socio-economic status or their school
readiness, and their later achievement. In fact, predictions of this kind are fraught with problems....History is not destiny. We know that with the right supports, most people can achieve far more than anyone thought they could."

Viewed 892 times.
School-Based Family Literacy Intervention ProgramsAuthor(s): Pelletier, J. (2011)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of school-based family literacy intervention programs:

It has long been known that what parents do in the home regarding language stimulation and literacy related activities can boost children’s language abilities and school literacy. Recent evidence has shown the power of intervention programs to help parents support their children’s developing literacy."

Viewed 1,002 times.
Formative Assessment to Support Student LearningAuthor(s): Suurtamm, C. (2010)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of formative assessment to support student learning:

"We now have compelling research indicating that formative assessment may be the most
significant single factor in raising the academic achievement of all students and especially that of
lower-achieving students. Every teacher needs to consider how the principles of formative
assessment can be applied in her or his work."

Viewed 1,536 times.
Parent EngagementAuthor(s): Pushor, D. (2010)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of parent engagement:

"A wealth of research concludes that students are more likely to be successful when their parents are
engaged in their education....In light of this evidence, meaningful relationships that enhance parents’ opportunities to make important
contributions to student learning are vital to the work of teachers."

Viewed 926 times.
Science and Literacy in the Elementary ClassroomAuthor(s): Elliott, P. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"Language, both spoken and written, is central to exploring scientific phenomena, sharing and testing ideas and demonstrating understanding. Additionally, language use in the learning of science aids students’ development of literacy and associated cognitive skills. So, how can we embed the acquisition of literacy
skills in science and promote synergy between the teaching of science and literacy?"

Viewed 934 times.
Word Study Instruction: Enhancing Reading ComprehensionAuthor(s): Scott, R. M. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"Word study instruction can provide students with vital knowledge which they can then apply to the task of comprehending text. The nature of word study will vary with the developmental needs of students and the demands of the text. A teacher’s knowledge of the structure of English is an important factor in optimizing word study instruction; equally vital is the ability to present the study of spelling, vocabulary and word choice in a manner that engages students and entices them to explore words on a deeper level."

Viewed 1,316 times.
Improving Student Writing: Using Feedback as a Teaching ToolAuthor(s): Peterson, S. S. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

Given that teachers spend a great deal of time providing written feedback to
students, it is important that the feedback have a greater influence on students’
writing development. Verbal or written feedback can be a powerful teaching tool
if it is given while students are in the process of writing drafts.....Focusing
on individual students’ immediate writing needs, this ongoing feedback is a form
of differentiated instruction that complements the teaching of mini-lessons to
small groups or to the whole class.

The teaching tools discussed [in this summary] support all students, Grades 4 to 12."

Viewed 1,434 times.
Developing Critical Literacy Skills: Exploring Masculine and Feminine Stereotypes in Children's LiteratureAuthor(s): Dionne, A. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"Children’s literature is an ideal resource for helping children develop critical literacy skills because it encompasses tales, poetry, novels, comic strips, documentaries and activity books for a diverse range of learners. Further...books for children of all ages are infused with the cultural values of society and contribute to the transmission of ideologies from one generation to the next. Given that equality of the sexes is one of the foundations of our democractic society, it is important to support students in developing their critical literacy skills by considering the values and ideologies inherent in the representations of femininity and masculinity in books written for children. Children’s books mirror the values and images transmitted to children by adults. They act as vehicles for passing ideologies from generation to generation....By carefully examining collections of literature from various persepctives, researchers have been able to identify and describe the ideologies inherent in representations of gender."

Viewed 1,836 times.
Video Games in the Classroom: Building Skills in Literacy and NumeracyAuthor(s): Duplàa, E., Shirmohammadi, S. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"As a society, we are seeing rapid and significant developments in video gaming, a field that is on its way to outdistancing the film and television industry. We are also witnessing the development and marketing of multiplayer online gaming. Yet much like the telephone at the turn of the century or television 50 years ago, video games are linked to controversy.... So, our question is, Can video games be used for learning in the classroom, particularly in the area of literacy and numeracy?"


Viewed 2,007 times.
The Voice of Text-to-Speech Technology: One Possible Solution for Struggling ReadersAuthor(s): Parr, M. (2011)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"Classroom and special education teachers use many strategies to help students
read at grade level. But what do we do for children...for whom those
strategies are not effective? Assistive technology – specifically text-to-speech
technology (TTST) – offers a possible solution."

Viewed 1,799 times.
Word Problems: Connecting Language, Mathematics, and LifeAuthor(s): Barwell, R. (2011)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"To be successful in solving word problems, students need to learn how to read such problems. Simply decoding words or extracting arithmetic operations is not enough: students must learn to read between the lines and understand what they are expected to do mathematically....How, then, can students be supported to make sense of word problems so that they can treat them successfully as mathematical problems?"

Viewed 1,565 times.
Teaching for Ecological Sustainability: Incorporating Indigenous Philosophies and PracticesAuthor(s): Beckford, C. L., Nahdee, R. (2011)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"With a renewed focus on environmental education in the Ontario curriculum, teachers are considering which learning experiences will be most effective both in engaging students and in fostering responsible environmental citizenship. Including indigenous perspectives is one way to meet this curriculum goal."

Viewed 1,316 times.
Character education reconceptualizedAuthor(s): Bajovic, M., Rizzo, K., Engemann, J. (2009)
This research summary is intended to provide a clear understanding of the processes associated with character development in order to make recommendations for successful character education implementation.

Viewed 1,060 times.
Bullying prevention in schools: A survey of Ontario principalsAuthor(s): Smith, D., Cousins, B., Stewart, R. (2005)
This study explored the relations among various aspects of bullying prevention programs.

Viewed 906 times.
Restorative justice in an Ontario public schoolAuthor(s): Reimer, K. (2011)
This qualitative case study explores the implementation of restorative justice in one Ontario Public School. Restorative justice
is a philosophy and process for dealing with harmful behaviour, viewing such behaviour as a violation of relationships, not
rules.

Viewed 955 times.
Teachers' Evolving Mathematical UnderstandingsAuthor(s): Kajander, A. (2010)
This five year study examined preservice teacher understanding of elementary mathematics, as required for teaching.

Viewed 1,357 times.
Professional development and teacher efficacy in MathAuthor(s): Bruce, C. D., Esmonde, I., Ross, J., Dookie, L., Beatty, R. (2010)
This research investigates the effects of a focused professional development (PD) program on teacher beliefs about their efficacy in applying standards-based mathematics curriculum in Grade 6.

Viewed 1,270 times.
Opportunities to Maximize Assessment to Support Student LearningAuthor(s): MacMath, S., Wallace, J., Chi, X. (2009)
This study investigated the way in which two individual teachers used a variety of assessment practices to track student learning during units that integrated different subject areas. The researchers looked at assessment as, for and of learning.

The purpose of this study was to investigate some of the strengths and challenges in using all three of these assessments and describe how these assessments were attempted during an integrated assignment.

Viewed 1,358 times.
Professional Development and Technology Use in the ClassroomAuthor(s): Riverin, S.
The investigation determined how an online community of practice can be developed to support the exchange of professional knowledge through involvement in The Education Network of Ontario/Réseau éducatif de l’Ontario and the effect this involvement had on classroom practice.

Viewed 1,263 times.
The regulation of Mp3 Players and cell phones in secondary schoolAuthor(s): Domitrek, J, Raby, R. (2008)
Recently, there has been much media coverage about cell phone and personal music player usage in schools, including in the
Toronto and Whitton regions. However, there is little literature on how students and teachers view rules on the use of such
electronic devices. Using data gathered from focus groups with students in Toronto and Whitton and interviews with teachers
and administrators from Whitton, we present the viewpoints from these stakeholders on the usage of cell phones and personal music players.

Viewed 1,303 times.
Peer coaching professional development for Math educatorsAuthor(s): Bruce, C., Ross, J. (2008)
This study examines the effects of peer coaching on teachers’ practices and beliefs about their capacity to impact student learning of mathematics.

Viewed 1,112 times.
School processes and teachers’ sense of collective efficacyAuthor(s): Ross, J., Hogaboam-Gray, A., Gray, P. (2004)
This research examines the effects of prior student achievement and school processes on collective teacher efficacy. In this study, collective teacher efficacy is defined in terms of teachers’ perception of their ability to improve student learning as an instructionally focused team within the school.

Viewed 820 times.
Transformational leadership, teacher commitment, and teacher efficacyAuthor(s): Ross, J., Gray, P. (2006)
This study examines the effects of collective teacher efficacy as a possible mediator of the leadership-teacher outcome relationship by evaluating and comparing two models (Model A and B) adopted from Bandura’s social cognitive theory.
Model A stipulates that teacher efficacy is a mediator between leadership and teacher outcomes relationship.
Model B stipulates that leadership has direct effects on teacher commitment and indirect effects through teacher efficacy.

Viewed 1,201 times.
What Shapes Inner City Education Policy?Author(s): Gaskell, J., Levin, B., Pollock, K. (2007)
This research looks at the ways that urban school boards in Toronto and Winnipeg have attempted over the last thirty to forty years to address issues of poverty and diversity.

Viewed 1,130 times.
Pathways to University and the "Victory Lap" Phenomenon in OntarioAuthor(s): Brady, P., Allingham, P. (2010)
In the late 1990s, Ontario began phasing out Grade 13/OAC; however many students continued to return to high school for a fifth year. This phenomenon became known as completing a “victory
lap.” This research investigated the “victory lap” phenomenon.

Viewed 1,064 times.
Teacher intervention in situations of bullyingAuthor(s): Blain-Arcaro, C., Smith, D., Cunningham, C., Vaillancourt, T., Rimas, H.
The goal of this study was to determine what features of bullying situations influence teachers’ decision to intervene. To
accomplish this, the researchers used a forced-choice task that reveals the degree of importance teachers place on different features of
bullying situations in their decisions to intervene or not.

Resource about bullying: Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network Website: http://www.prevnet.ca/

Viewed 979 times.
After-School Literacy Activities and Performance on the OSSLTAuthor(s): Klinger, D., Zheng, Y. (2009)
Students in Ontario are required to take a number of provincial-wide large-scale tests before they graduate including the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT). If students do not pass the OSSLT (alternatively, students need to successfully complete the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Course (OSSLC)), they are not able to receive the Ontario Secondary School Diploma and graduate from high school. Students who are new to Canada and use English as a second language and are developing English literacy (ESL/ELD) have a more difficult time with tests like the OSSLT. Also, it has been found that students who do reading and writing activities after school have better test scores. This study looks at the relationship between how well students did on the OSSLT and what kinds of reading and writing activities they did after school.

Viewed 1,292 times.
Remain in a K-8 school or transition to junior high?: Differences in student achievementAuthor(s): Whitley, J., Lupart, J., Beran, T. (2007)
There is general agreement that when students transition from elementary to junior high school, their academic performance can suffer. Some researchers claim that the difficulties that students experience in this transition might have long-term negative effects. With this in mind, many education systems in Canada have taken steps to make the transition from elementary to junior high school smoother for students.
This research used nationally representative survey data to see if there were any actual differences in achievement between students who transitioned to grade seven from an elementary school compared to those who remained in the same school.

Viewed 1,189 times.
A Tale of Two Provinces: Who Makes Stronger Vertical Equity Efforts?Author(s): Li, X. (2008)
The foundation allocation and three special allocations for disadvantaged students in grades 1 to 8 for 2006–2007 in Ontario with those in Alberta were compared to ascertain which funding formula was more equitable. The author is familiar with the Ontario funding formula. It was natural that Ontario was one of the two provinces being compared. Alberta was selected because it is more like Ontario with regard to education funding. Grades 1 to 8 were selected because the relevant information was available. In addition, there is a difference between Ontario and Alberta. Ontario funding for grades 1 to 8 is the same, but grades 9 to 12 receive more funds. Alberta funding for grades 1 to 9 is the same, but grades 10 to 12 receive more funds.

Viewed 972 times.
Contextual Learning at Summer CampAuthor(s): Fine, S. (2005)
This research explores how contexts linked to residential outdoor experiences (ROE) contribute to significant learning. It addresses the need for the reconsideration and restoration of routine outdoor programs in Ontario schools and teacher training in this area.

Viewed 964 times.
Emotional Geographies of TeachingAuthor(s): Hargreaves, A. (2008)
Emotional geographies define the relationships of closeness and distance we have with ourselves, with others and the world around us. It is a new concept in education and social research.

Building on 50 interviews with elementary and secondary school teachers, foundations for five forms of emotional geography and their consequences are formed:
Socio-cultural Moral Professional Physical and, Political

Viewed 1,261 times.
Equity Measures Compared Between Three ProvincesAuthor(s): Li, X. (2010)
This study compares the elementary education funding formula in Ontario, Alberta, and BC with a focus on
vertical equity from the students’ perspective. The similarities and differences, particularly the measures
related to assisting disadvantaged students, of the three formula are analyzed and their possible implications are explored. With increasingly diverse students in schools, it is important to understand how equity measures in provincial funding formula work to meet the needs of all students.

Viewed 898 times.
Ontario Teachers’ Assessment Practices in MathematicsAuthor(s): Suurtamm, C., Koch, M., Arden, A. (2010)
This study uses questionnaire data and case studies to examine the assessment practices of mathematics teachers in Ontario and to understand how new assessment practices are enacted and supported. Many mathematics teachers in Ontario are using innovative assessment practices that go beyond traditional testing and support student learning in a variety of ways. They report on the important role of professional development and curriculum resources as well collaboration with colleagues in supporting new practices.

Viewed 1,308 times.