Effectiveness of Suicide Prevention Programs in Schools
his research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2013 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by
Katz, Bolton, Katz, Isaak, Tilston-Jones and Sareen.
Viewed 318 times.
Effective Elements of Suicide Prevention programs in Schools
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2012 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by Balaguru, Sharma and Waheed.
Viewed 306 times.
Social Justice as a Priority in New Teacher Induction
This research study explored the degree to which social justice was prioritized by Ontario school administrators, as part of the New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP). This study aimed to understand the ways in which administrators influenced the social justice practices of beginning teachers.
Viewed 592 times.
Volunteer Youth Exchange Programs and Second Language Learning
Second language exchange programs provide students with an opportunity to practice their language skills in an authentic setting. This study examined the impact of a Volunteer Youth Exchange (VYE) program on participants’ motivation to learn a second language (French or English).
Specifically, the researchers focused on the following two research questions: 1) How do the participants’ motivation to learn a second language (L2) and their self-assessment of their L2 compare pre and post volunteer experience?, and 2) What aspects of the volunteer experience may have influenced VYE participants’ willingness to communicate in their second language?
Viewed 1,027 times.
Perspectives on the Afrocentric School: Voices of Black Youth
In 2009 the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) opened the first black-focused or africentric school in Ontario. This study explored the opinions of black youth regarding the proposal of a black-focused school. Specifically the research aimed to explore black youths’ ideas about whether a black-focused school would address the issue of academic disengagement amongst black students.
Viewed 642 times.
Sexual Health Education Among Teens New to Canada
This research article describes part of a larger study that explored the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. Specifically, this article investigates the factors that influence teens’ access to sexual health education with a focus on newcomers to Canada.
Viewed 696 times.
Factors the Influence the Classroom Management Style of New Teachers
This study investigated whether any relationship exists between new teachers classroom management style and: (a) teachers’ own beliefs about education, (b) the mentorship teachers receive from
experienced colleagues, (c) teachers’ participation in the New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP), and (d) whether administrators at the school displayed a “transformational leadership” style.
Viewed 927 times.
Using a Professional Learning Community to Support Multimodal Literacies
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
Literacy instruction is under pressure, being pushed towards screen-based, digitally networked environments, while simultaneously adhering to print- based reading and writing practices. Teachers are pulled in opposing directions as literacy is applied to an expanding grey area of evolving texts that do not fit comfortably within conventional school curricular expectations and assessments. How can teachers change their literacy teaching practices to incorporate integrated pedagogical approaches while still ensuring student success?
Viewed 1,014 times.
Sexual Health Topics: What Teens Want to Know
This research article describes one part of a larger study that investigated the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. It also explores the relationship between religion and teenagers’ exposure to, and desire to, learn more about various sexual health topics including sexually transmitted infections and birth control options.
Viewed 998 times.
Supporting Young People with Disabilities in their Transition to Adult Services: Developing Best Practices
Transitioning from school and youth services to adult services can be a very challenging process for young people with disabilities and their families. This article reports on the Best Practice Project, a joint effort of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care, the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation, and the Ontario Children’s Rehabilitation
Network. Facilitated by a team of researchers, the project focused on establishing best practice guidelines for the process of transitioning from school and youth services to adult services for young people with physical and developmental disabilities in Ontario.
Viewed 1,226 times.
What Factors Impact University Participation in Canada?
Increased enrolment in post-secondary education institutions is generally thought to have a positive impact on a country’s future prospects. This research investigates the factors that impact on a young adult’s decision to pursue post-secondary education and, specifically, the impact of tuition fees, family income, parental educational attainment, gender, and university premium (perceived return on investment) on university attendance.
Viewed 1,262 times.
Participation at Canadian Universities: A Growing Gender Gap
The participation rate of young women at universities has steadily been increasing, with women now more likely to enroll in university than men. For example, in 2005, a 15 percentage point gap existed between the participation rate of women at university compared to men. This research study investigated the factors influencing young people’s decision to attend university and whether these factors are different for men and women.
Viewed 1,307 times.
Dual-credit programming: The challenges and opportunities
Dual-credit systems, or the opportunity for secondary students to earn credits at high school and college levels simultaneously (Lekes et al., 2007) is well established in the United States. As part of a larger study that examines secondary school apprenticeships and partnerships, this study investigates the tensions that exist in the implementation of dual credit systems in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia with a specific focus on dual-credit for apprenticeship training.
Viewed 950 times.
Ensuring Students with Learning Disabilities Have Proper Documentation as they Transition into Post-secondary Institutions
The Ontario Human Rights Code (1990) guarantees students diagnosed with a learning disability (LD) the right to accommodations that meet their academic needs at the post-secondary level (College and University). Not all students, however, arrive equipped with the necessary documentation to guarantee this support. This study investigated the quality of documentation presented by students entering post-secondary institutions in support of their LD and, in so doing, exposes current practices for identifying students (declaring students Exceptional) at the elementary and secondary levels.
Viewed 1,230 times.
How Teacher-Educator’s Perceive Ontario’s New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP)
In 2006 Ontario’s Ministry of Education introduced the New Teacher Induction Program (NTIP) to offer assistance to teachers during their first year of teaching.
This study investigated how teacher-educators (or professors at faculties of education across Ontario who teach pre-service teachers) perceive the impact of the NTIP on the experiences of pre-service teachers, new teachers, and K-12 students in Ontario. In particular, the study focussed on identifying any “hidden curriculum” that teacher-educators may perceive within NTIP.
Viewed 931 times.
The College Mathematics Project tracks first semester college mathematics achievement in all 24 colleges in Ontario, relating it to age, gender, and students secondary school mathematics backgrounds. It also promotes deliberations concerning ways to increase student success in college mathematics.
Viewed 1,141 times.
Supporting Aboriginal Educators in Pre-service Training Programs and in their Careers as Teachers
This research explored the experiences of six Aboriginal teachers in both mainstream and native teacher education programs in Ontario. These early-career teachers from the Mohawk, Anishinabe and Métis groups reflected upon the challenges they encountered during their teacher preparation courses and first years of teaching. Specifically, this research identified the need to design current teacher education programs that value the individual and cultural identities of Aboriginal teacher candidates.
Viewed 1,884 times.
Student Teacher Stress and Physical Activity
Student teachers (pre-service teachers who are completing teaching practicums within schools) can be under significant stress as they attempt to prove their skills and adapt to their supervisor’s style, all while undergoing constant evaluation. Some studies have suggested that these stressors may leave student teachers feeling burnt out before their career even begins. Recent studies have identified physical activity as a way to cope with stress, although research examining the relationship between student teacher stress and exercise has remain limited.
The purpose of this study was to identify the main sources of student teacher stress and investigate the relationship between levels of stress and participation in physical activity. Stress, for the purpose of this study, is defined as tension that arises when the demands of one’s surroundings exceeds one’s personal coping strategies.
Viewed 1,030 times.
Successful practices for immigrant parent involvement: An Ontario perspective
This study brings together the perspectives of 21 immigrant parents who speak eight different languages
and have been in Canada less than six years with those of 61 teachers and 32 principals who work in
schools with English as a second language (ESL) populations of 20% or greater who have been recognized
as successfully involving immigrant parents in their children's schooling.
Viewed 1,346 times.
Monocultural to Multicultural: Parent Perceptions
This summary was created by the CSSE's Canadian Journal of Education and is available on their website, along with other Knowledge Mobilization Snapshots, at http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/KMS.htm or via their homepage at www.cje-rce.ca.
This research snapshot summarizes a study on parent perceptions on multiculturalism:
"Cynthia Levine-Rasky of Queen’s University conducted a study of one elementary public school where, as a result of an increase to the immigrant population in the elementary school’s catchment area, a significant shift from being predominantly white and middle class to a more diverse student body occurred."
Viewed 984 times.
The complexities of secondary school reform over time
This is a 5-year Spencer Foundation-funded longitudinal project that examines educational change over time (1970s, 1980s, and 1990s) by exploring the experiences of teachers and administrators who worked in eight secondary schools in the United States and Canada within these periods.
Viewed 997 times.
Pathways to University and the "Victory Lap" Phenomenon in Ontario
In the late 1990s, Ontario began phasing out Grade 13/OAC; however many students continued to return to high school for a fifth year. This phenomenon became known as completing a “victory
lap.” This research investigated the “victory lap” phenomenon.
Viewed 1,064 times.
Remain in a K-8 school or transition to junior high?: Differences in student achievement
There is general agreement that when students transition from elementary to junior high school, their academic performance can suffer. Some researchers claim that the difficulties that students experience in this transition might have long-term negative effects. With this in mind, many education systems in Canada have taken steps to make the transition from elementary to junior high school smoother for students.
This research used nationally representative survey data to see if there were any actual differences in achievement between students who transitioned to grade seven from an elementary school compared to those who remained in the same school.
Viewed 1,189 times.