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After School Programs for At-Risk YouthAuthor(s): Kremer, K., Maynard, B., Polanin, J., Vaughn, M. and Sarteschi, C. (2015)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

Youth who are at greater risk for low academic achievement, low school attendance, low school engagement, and behavioural problems are often described as “at‐risk”. Left unattended, these problems can easily develop into substance abuse, criminal behaviour, and other long‐term anti‐social problems. After‐school programs are designed to...

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Factors related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents seeking mental health servicesAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Baiden, P. and Theall-Honey, L. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

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Increasing peer resistance skills through a school-based interventionAuthor(s): Wolfe, D., Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Hughes, R., Ellis, W. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The Fourth R is an evidence based intervention in schools that teaches youth how to have healthy relationships. Students who participate in the program learn strategies that can reduce their likelihood of engaging in peer pressure scenarios (when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness peer violence perpetration at a higher rate).

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