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Black Canadian students' beliefs regarding education and academic achievementAuthor(s): Dr. Andrea Smith; Dr. Barry H. Schneider; Dr. Martin A Ruck
There are concerns about the educational outcomes of Black youth in North America. This research compared the academic and achievement-related beliefs of Black Canadian high school students in Toronto, Ontario and Halifax, Nova Scotia.

This document has been viewed 1,095 times.
Bolstering Resilience in Students: Teachers as Protective FactorsAuthor(s): Kingsley Hurlington
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary provides an overview of research in the area of student resilience:

"Elementary teachers are well positioned to observe students who succeed despite overwhelming odds. It often appears that risk factors in the life of a child are insurmountable; yet, there are many who flourish amidst adversity. Early resiliency research focused on these seemingly anomalous youth, tracking their success into adulthood. Researchers were eager to determine what innate processes or capacities were helping these students to be successful in spite of the odds."

This document has been viewed 1,389 times.
Bullying at school: Students report unsafe and high bullying areas within their schoolAuthor(s): Vaillancourt, T.; Brittain, H.; Bennett, L.; Arnocky, S., McDougall, P., Hymel, S. Short, K., Sunderani, S. Scott, C. Mackenzie, M., Cunningham, L. (2010)
Bullying can cause a number of psychological and social issues in victims such as depression, poor self-image and greater dependency on adults. Bullying is common in elementary and secondary schooling and Canadian schools are no exception. Statistics show that more than one-third of Canadian students are either bullied, involved in bullying someone else, or both. Although there are a number of anti-bullying programs in effect in Canadian schools, reviews show that most have either shown no effect on reducing bullying rates, or in some cases, have actually caused harm. There is agreement that anti-bullying programs could be improved with increased adult supervision in certain areas (i.e. cafeteria, gym, etc.) where students are frequently bullied. This research surveyed elementary and secondary school students to identify such areas.

This document has been viewed 950 times.
Eating Disorders, Body Dissatisfaction and Depression Among AdolescentsAuthor(s): Goldfield, G.S., Moore, C., Henderson, K., Buchholz, A., Obeid, N. and Flament, M.F. (2010)
This study investigated eating disorder behaviour, body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression among Canadian adolescents.

This document has been viewed 857 times.
How does social anxiety affect young children?Author(s): Weeks, M., Coplan R.J. and Kingsbury, A. (2009)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

"A young child with anxiety symptoms may be at risk of experiencing anxiety in their adolescence and adulthood....This study examines the effects of subclinical social anxiety on early elementary school
children."

This document has been viewed 1,176 times.
Managing Teacher-Student Relationships: A Minimalist ApproachAuthor(s): Christine Richmond
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research on managing teacher-student relationships:

"Teachers can have two types of conversations with students in class. In the ideal situation the most potent
conversation is focused on learning, with minor support from the managing conversation. However, when
teachers experience lessons where conversation about managing dominates, the learning agenda can
disappear and poor outcomes are much more likely (Richmond, 2007)."

This document has been viewed 1,349 times.
Math Interventions for Students with Autistic Spectrum DisorderAuthor(s): King, S., Lemons, C., and Davidson, K. (2016)
This summary was developed by the E-Best team at the Hamilton Wentworth District School Board. This and other Research in Brief (RIB) summaries can be found at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/about/research

ASD can have varying effects on cognitive functioning. Those with high‐functioning ASD may not have difficulty with mathematics and numeracy, but can experience challenges in...

This document has been viewed 241 times.
Physical Activity and School Engagement in YouthAuthor(s): Owen, K.B., Parker, P.D., Van Zanden, B., MacMillan, F., Astell-Burt, T. and Lonsdale, C. (2016)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

There is growing pressure placed on educators to increase academic performance scores. This can translate into the perception that time spent in the classroom is more beneficial to academic performance, compared to time spent promoting and doing physical activity. This systematic review suggests that this perspective is flawed because providing opportunities for physical activity benefits academic achievement by improving school engagement. The results suggest that the best practice for implementing physical activity for students, both children and adolescents, is one session of...

This document has been viewed 82 times.
Public Perceptions of Inclusive Education and Students with Intellectual DisabilitiesAuthor(s): Burge, P., Ouellette-Kuntz, H., Hutchinson, N. and Box, H. (2008)
This study investigated public perceptions of the best education practices for students with intellectual disabilities. The potential obstacles and impacts of including students with intellectual disabilities in regular classrooms were also investigated.

This document has been viewed 1,020 times.
School Injury Among Ottawa-Area StudentsAuthor(s): Josse, J., Mackay M., Osmond M. & Macpherson, A. (2009)
This study investigated the factors that influence the likelihood that a student will become injured at school, and identified trends surrounding the nature of injuries and the locations where injuries are likely to occur.

This document has been viewed 839 times.
Secondary Students’ Attitudes Towards “Clickers” or Audience Response Systems (ARS)Author(s): Kay, R.H. and Knaack, L. (2009)
“Clickers” or Audience Response Systems (ARS), “permit students to answer digitally-displayed multiple choice questions using a remote control” (Kay et al., 2009, p. 1). One of the suggested benefits of clickers (or ARS) is that they allows teachers to gauge in real-time whether students are grasping the content of a lesson, and make timely adjustments to their lesson when necessary. This study investigated student attitudes towards ARS in Ontario secondary schools.

This document has been viewed 955 times.
The Impact of Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace Anti-Bullying ProgramAuthor(s): Beran, T., & Shapiro, B. (2005)
This study investigated the effectiveness of one anti-bullying program, Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace (Woodfine, Lubimiv, & Langlois, 1995), performed at over 100 elementary schools and community groups across Ontario. The program uses 3-foot tall, hand-androd puppets to enact a bully scenario intended to educate students about different types of bullying behaviors and strategies for conflict resolution.

This document has been viewed 1,034 times.
What are young bloggers saying about mental health?Author(s): Marcus, M.A., Westra, H., Eastwood, J.D. & Barnes, K.L. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"The widespread use of Internet blogs has created a unique space for hearing from young people. Few studies, however, have looked at these blogs to gain a better picture of the experiences of young people with mental health problems – until now."

This document has been viewed 1,507 times.