Boys’ Underachievement: Which Boys Are We Talking About?
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
"Policy and research-based literature identifies boys’ underachievement, and specifically their engagement with literacy, as both a Canadian and an international problem. In Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, boys do not perform as well as girls on the reading comprehension and writing components of literacy tests. However, the Program for International Assessment (PISA) 2000 report on reading performance explicitly states that “students from less favourable socioeconomic backgrounds are on average less engaged in reading” (p. 8). Not all boys are underachieving, nor are all girls out-performing boys; educators and policy makers need to address the question of which boys require help becoming literate and what kinds of help educators can provide."
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How Are Sexual and Gender Identities Represented in an Ontario Science Text?
This study investigated gender and sexuality bias in one science text used in Ontario schools. In particular, the study was guided by two main research questions:
1. Does the text support the existence of alternative sexualities (Lesbian, gay, and bisexual, for example)?
2. Does the text promote fixed sex and gender identities only (omitting transgendered, transsexual, and intersexed identities, for example)?
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Forging Safer Learning Environments: Addressing Homophobic Bullying in Schools
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
This summary provides an overview of research in the area of bullying in schools:
"Issues concerning gender and sexuality are rich fodder for bullying. For students
who identify or are perceived as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT),
school can be especially harrowing, as these students are frequently targeted
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