Search Results

Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic AchievementAuthor(s): Berkowitz, R., Moore, H., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. (2017)
Poorer academic achievement has been correlated with lower student and school SES but scientific evidence establishing links between SES, school climate, and academic achievement has its limitations due to inconsistency of study methods and measurement instruments. A systematic review was therefore conducted to comprehensively examine the literature and evaluate whether positive school climate can mitigate achievement gaps between students and schools of different SES backgrounds.

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The Changing Nature of Vice Principals' WorkAuthor(s): Pollock, K., Wang, F., & Hauseman, D. C. (2017)
In 2013, commissioned by the Ontario Principals’ Council (OPC), the research team conducted a study on the changing nature of principals’ work. After its publication, many vice-principals inquired about the possibility of a similar study unique to their role. In response, this research was undertaken to provide a comprehensive understanding of vice-principals’ work in Ontario public schools.

Viewed 123 times.
Cadre Écoles pour la promotion de la santé, pour l’amélioration de la santé et du bien-être des élèvesAuthor(s): Langford, R., Campbell, R., Magnus, D., Bonell, C. P., Murphy, S. M., Waters, E., & Gibbs, L. F. (2011)
Il existe une forte association entre la santé et l’éducation des enfants : les enfants en santé ont tendance à obtenir de meilleurs résultats scolaires, ce qui jette les bases d’une meilleure santé plus tard dans la vie. En réaction à la réussite limitée des approches conventionnelles de l’éducation sur la santé, le cadre Écoles pour la promotion de la santé (EPS) a été élaboré à la fin des années 1980 par l’Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS). Il est un mécanisme potentiel qui permettrait de favoriser la santé et le bien-être des élèves en tenant compte des contextes particuliers, scolaires et communautaires en parallèle.

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Health Promoting Schools Framework for Improving Student Health and Well-BeingAuthor(s): Langford, R., Campbell, R., Magnus, D., Bonell, C. P., Murphy, S. M., Waters, E., & Gibbs, L. F. (2011)
Child health and education are strongly related; healthy children tend to perform better in school, providing a foundation for improved health in later life. In response to the limited success of traditional health education approaches, the Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework was developed in the late 1980s by the World Health Organization (WHO). The WHO Health Promoting Schools (HPS) framework is a potential mechanism to promote student health and well‐being by considering individual, school, and community contexts in tandem.

Viewed 48 times.
A Closer Look at: Bullying and Immigrant Youth in OntarioAuthor(s): Vitoroulis, Irene, & Georgiades, Katholiki. (2017)
Immigrant youth often experience a variety of barriers during their integration to the Canadian school system. Bullying is a problem in schools that can result in emotional, behavioural and social difficulties in youth. This research summary from the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB) takes a closer look at the role that schools and educators play in supporting positive peer relationships between immigrant and non-immigrant youth.

Viewed 37 times.
Mise en œuvre de programmes de promotion de la santé en milieu scolaireAuthor(s): Pearson, M., Chilton, R., Wya , K., Abraham, C., Ford, T., Woods, H., & Anderson, R. (2015)
Ceci est un résumé de recherche mis à jour développé par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB). Depuis longtemps, on considère les écoles comme étant le lieu principal où sont proposés les programmes faisant la promotion de la santé chez les enfants. Dans le cadre des méthodes faisant la promotion de la santé, les sujets abordés actuellement sont la consommation d’alcool, l’usage de drogues, le tabagisme, l’obésité, l’activité physique, le développement et la santé sexuelle, les relations saines et le bien-être. Des examens récents laissent penser que certaines stratégies sont plus efficaces que d’autres à mettre en œuvre des programmes faisant la promotion de la santé dans les écoles.

Viewed 35 times.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis‐de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., & Singh, N. (2015)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a 2015 systematic review that examined what is known about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings. The researchers believe that mindfulness-based interventions have great potential for improving educational and psychosocial outcomes for students.

Viewed 472 times.
Le cours sur la sécurité dans les écoles améliore les connaissances et l'auto-efficacité chez les enseignants en formation initialeAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Jaffe, P. et Rodriguez, A. (2016)
Cette étude visait à évaluer les répercussions du cours sur la sécurité dans les écoles, offert aux enseignants en formation initiale afin d’aborder les facteurs qui influent sur le climat scolaire. Il a été démontré que...

Viewed 63 times.
Implementing Health Promotion Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Pearson, M., Chilton, R., Wyatt, K., Abraham, C., Ford, T., Woods, H., and Anderson, R. (2015)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2015 review of implementation strategies for health promotion programs in schools. Based on the findings, recommendations for effective health promotion strategies are highlighted.

Viewed 250 times.
Safe Schools Course Increases Knowledge and Self-Efficacy in Pre-Service TeachersAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Jaffe, P. and Rodriguez, A. (2016)
This study evaluated the impact of Safe Schools, a pre-service teacher course addressing factors that affect school climate. Pre-service teachers showed...

Viewed 136 times.
Math that feels good: A model for math education reformAuthor(s): Gadanidis, G., Borba, M., Hughes, J., Lacerda, H.D., Namukasa, I. (2016)
This summary was prepared by George Gadanidis, Janette Hughes and Immaculate Namukasa who are co-investigators on a 2016-2019 Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Insight Grant on Aesthetic Experiences for Young Mathematicians & their Teachers.

"Over the last ten years...we have been working in K-8 schools in Ontario and in Rio Claro, Brazil, designing experiences that offer students (and their teachers and parents) the pleasure of math surprise and insight. We have also been developing an effective model of math education reform that addresses teachers' interests and needs. Working with teachers we ask what they need help with in their math teaching. For example, when three grade 3 teachers in a school in Whitby told us they were looking for new ideas for teaching "area representations of fractions", we co-designed the activity below to (a) cover the grade 3 curriculum, but (b) also to offer a math surprise...."

Viewed 1,456 times.
Increasing Peer Resistance Skills Through a School-Based InterventionAuthor(s): Wolfe, D., Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Hughes, R., Ellis, W. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The Fourth R is an evidence based intervention in schools that teaches youth how to have healthy relationships. Students who participate in the program learn strategies that can reduce their likelihood of engaging in peer pressure scenarios (when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness peer violence perpetration at a higher rate).

Viewed 349 times.
Critical Role of Schools in Child & Youth Mental HealthAuthor(s): Leschied, A., Flett, G., and Saklofske, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Mental health problems are common yet unidentified among youth. Approximately one million youth in Canada will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder and only 4% of these youth will receive the necessary services.

Viewed 501 times.
Project-Based Learning: Drawing on Best Practices in Project ManagementAuthor(s): Hutchison, D. (2015)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary examines how professional project management strategies can be used to enhance project-based learning in schools.

Viewed 535 times.
Poverty and Schooling: Where Mindset Meets PracticeAuthor(s): Ciuffetelli Parker, D. (2015)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary explores how schools can address the inequities often associated with poverty and schooling.

Viewed 708 times.
Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis-de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., and Singh, N. (2015)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

Mindfulness‐based interventions have been broadly shown to be
effective for a variety of psycho‐social problems, and may be
effective with youth....many educators are choosing to include mindfulness exercises or practices as part of their classroom routines. A recent systematic review has examined what we know about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings.

Viewed 418 times.
Effectiveness of Suicide Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Katz, C., Bolton, S., Katz, L., Isaak, C., Tilston-Jones, T., and Sareen, J. (2013)
his research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2013 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by
Katz, Bolton, Katz, Isaak, Tilston-Jones and Sareen.

http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 318 times.
Effective Elements of Suicide Prevention programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Balaguru, V, Sharma, J, Waheed, W. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2012 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by Balaguru, Sharma and Waheed.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 306 times.
Experiences of Immigrant Students in French as a Second Language ClassroomsAuthor(s): Mady, C. (2012)
This study investigated how immigrant students perceive the experience the study of French as a Second Official Language (FSOL) in Canada’s English- dominant elementary and secondary schools.

Viewed 701 times.
Perspectives on the Afrocentric School: Voices of Black YouthAuthor(s): Gordon, M. and Zinga, D. (2012)
In 2009 the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) opened the first black-focused or africentric school in Ontario. This study explored the opinions of black youth regarding the proposal of a black-focused school. Specifically the research aimed to explore black youths’ ideas about whether a black-focused school would address the issue of academic disengagement amongst black students.

Viewed 642 times.
Using Theatre to Examine Social Issues and Change School CultureAuthor(s): Gallagher, G. and Service, I. (2010)
This study examines the use of theatre to stimulate discussions about social issues and changes to school culture.The play tells the story of one boy’s struggle to overcome economic hardship, and the schools selected to show the play were chosen because of their large enrolments of students from low socio-economic backgrounds. The play was followed up with teacher professional development workshops to support the implementation of the overall program which was designed to help schools reduce the effects of poverty on students.

Viewed 5,843 times.
The Impact of Ontario’s “Healthy Schools” Program on Students’ Oral HealthAuthor(s): Muirhead, V. and Lawrence, H. (2011)
While many school-based oral health initiatives have targeted specific behaviors such as tooth brushing, this study examined the impact of the broader Ontario’s “Healthy Schools” initiative on the oral health of students. Launched in 2006, this program focuses on broader issues of health promotion including healthy eating, substance use, physical activity, and personal safety amongst others.

Viewed 613 times.
Supporting teachers who engage in district-wide, school-based programs: The experiences of PrincipalsAuthor(s): Gallagher, T. and Grierson, A. (2011)
This study examined the experiences of school administrators whose schools were the hosting sites of a district-wide professional learning initiative in one Ontario school board. Intended to assist with the implementation of evidence- based literacy and numeracy practices, four teachers from across the board were chosen to host demonstration classrooms where other teachers could visit and observe research-based instructional practices in action.

Viewed 759 times.
Serving Communities with High Incidences of Poverty: Success Stories from Ontario Elementary SchoolsAuthor(s): Flessa, J. and Gallagher-McKay, K. and Ciuffetelli Parker, D. (2010)
Previous literature suggests that the effects of child poverty is a challenging issue for students, teachers, and school administrators (Bascia, 1996). In collaboration with the Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario (ETFO), this study focused on the work of 11 Ontario elementary schools in order to understand “how schools can best work with students and communities affected by poverty” (p. 5).

Viewed 1,140 times.
The Impact of Interdisciplinary Planning on Classroom Practice: Perceptions of Teachers and AdministratorsAuthor(s): Racknor, W. and Drake, S. (2011)
In 2008, the Bluewater District School Board in Ontario began to use interdisciplinary planning with junior kindergarten (JK) to grade 6 teachers, JK to grade 8 administrators, and teachers from two high schools. In this approach, teachers are intended to work in collaborative teams to develop interdisciplinary units based on provincial curriculum standards. The units developed by these teams are structured around “big ideas” such as change and interdependence and focused on developing higher order thinking skills such as problem solving, communication, and critical literacy.

This study investigated teacher and administrator perceptions of the impact of these new units on classroom practice.

Viewed 713 times.
Promoting Critical Literacy across the Curriculum and Fostering Safer Learning EnvironmentsAuthor(s): Roberge, G.D. (2013).
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

In their everyday practice, teachers commonly encourage children to think deeply and critically examine what they read and view. Over the last decade, this practice has been augmented by increased emphasis on the teaching of critical thinking and critical literacy skills in Ontario schools. By teaching students to understand and embrace diverse viewpoints and to consider underlying messages, critical literacy may help foster another important provincial priority, that of creating safe and caring learning environments.

Viewed 1,084 times.
Effective Practices for Math Teaching in Middle and Secondary SchoolsAuthor(s): Slavin, R. E.; Lake, C.; Groff, C. (2009)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2009 systematic review of different math programs available to middle and secondary teachers by Slavin, R. E., Lake, C., & Groff, C.

Viewed 1,081 times.
Effective Practices for Math Teaching in Elementary SchoolsAuthor(s): Slavin R. E. & Lake C. (2007)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2007 systematic review of on different math programs available to elementary teachers by Slavin, R. E. , & Lake, C.

Viewed 978 times.
Handling Problematic Situations When Administering the EQAO AssessmentAuthor(s): Childs, R.A., Umezawa, L. (2009)
While instructions are provided to teachers on how to administer large-scale assessments, in some cases strict adherence to these instructions may prove to be problematic for teachers in their dual role as both test supervisor and teacher. This study investigated how grade 3 teachers expect to react when faced with problematic situations while administering the EQAO assessment to their own classroom students. Specifically, the researchers explored what these teachers said they would do when faced with a number of hypothetical situations, and why they would choose a certain course of action.

Viewed 1,164 times.
Impact of the Balanced School Day on Students and SchoolsAuthor(s): E-BEST HWDSB (2012)
This "BLAM" (Bottom Line Actionable Message) was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on the impact of a "balanced school day". You can also view this, and other BLAMs, at the HWDSB website: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/?page_id=205

"The “balanced school day” schedule (BSD, also known as “balanced day schedule”) refers to the reorganization from a traditional school day schedule with two short breaks for recess and one longer break for lunch, to a schedule that has three academic periods (usually 100 minutes in length) separated by two longer breaks (usually 40 to 45 minutes) that combine food and physical activity..."

Viewed 1,574 times.
The Impact of Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace Anti-Bullying ProgramAuthor(s): Beran, T., & Shapiro, B. (2005)
This study investigated the effectiveness of one anti-bullying program, Project Ploughshares Puppets for Peace (Woodfine, Lubimiv, & Langlois, 1995), performed at over 100 elementary schools and community groups across Ontario. The program uses 3-foot tall, hand-androd puppets to enact a bully scenario intended to educate students about different types of bullying behaviors and strategies for conflict resolution.

Viewed 1,256 times.
Transitioning to Canada: The Experience of New Canadian Music TeachersAuthor(s): Sprikut, L. Bartel, L. (2010)
This study investigated the experiences of 4 new Canadian music teachers, including the ways in which their instructional approaches and professional values changed, or were challenged, once they began teaching in Ontario.

Viewed 968 times.
Supporting Students with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD): An Intervention ModelAuthor(s): Missiuna, C., Pollock, N., Campbell, W. N., Bennett, S., Hecimovich, C., Gaines, R., DeCola, C., Cairney, J., Russell, D and Molinaro, E. (2012)
Many students in Ontario’s public schools receive occupational therapy services to meet a variety of needs. Often, this involves a qualified occupational therapist (OT) working one-on-one with a student within the school setting. Unfortunately, there are not enough OTs available to work with all of the students who need support, and students can wait between 1 to 2 years on a waitlist before receiving OT service (Deloitte & Touche, 2010).

Partnering for Change (P4C) is an innovative service delivery intervention model for students with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD).In the P4C intervention model, OTs work with classroom teachers and parents to build their capacity in supporting students’ occupational therapy needs. For example, OTs will coach parents and teachers to identify and implement strategies to improve students’ functioning at school.

Viewed 1,145 times.
Examining Race Representation in an Ontario Secondary Social Science TextbookAuthor(s): Rezai-Rashti, G.M. and McCarthy, C. (2008)
This study investigates the representations of race, multiculturalism, and anti-racism in one secondary social sciences textbook used in Ontario schools. In particular, the researchers were interested in examining how Ontario Ministry of Education curriculum policy documents for social sciences were translated into supporting textbooks by publishers.

Viewed 1,252 times.
Secondary Students’ Attitudes Towards “Clickers” or Audience Response Systems (ARS)Author(s): Kay, R.H. and Knaack, L. (2009)
“Clickers” or Audience Response Systems (ARS), “permit students to answer digitally-displayed multiple choice questions using a remote control” (Kay et al., 2009, p. 1). One of the suggested benefits of clickers (or ARS) is that they allows teachers to gauge in real-time whether students are grasping the content of a lesson, and make timely adjustments to their lesson when necessary. This study investigated student attitudes towards ARS in Ontario secondary schools.

Viewed 1,008 times.
Special Education Programming: Principal’s Report on Their Leadership Role(s) in Special Education Programming and Their Professional Development NeedsAuthor(s): Zaretsky, L., Moreau, L., and Faircloth, S. (2008)
This study examined principal’s perceptions of what it means to provide leadership in special education: how they believe they demonstrate this leadership in their schools, how well they believe they are prepared to engage in these roles, and their perceived professional development needs in this area.

Viewed 919 times.
Career Counseling in an Ontario High SchoolAuthor(s): Truong, H.Q.T. (2011)
This study investigated the career counselling practices of educators at one large Ontario high school with an enrollment of 1,300 students.

Viewed 1,237 times.
Supporting Young People with Disabilities in their Transition to Adult Services: Developing Best PracticesAuthor(s): Stewart, D. (2009)
Transitioning from school and youth services to adult services can be a very challenging process for young people with disabilities and their families. This article reports on the Best Practice Project, a joint effort of the Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-term Care, the Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation, and the Ontario Children’s Rehabilitation
Network. Facilitated by a team of researchers, the project focused on establishing best practice guidelines for the process of transitioning from school and youth services to adult services for young people with physical and developmental disabilities in Ontario.

Viewed 1,226 times.
Is Gender a Consideration in the Hiring and Rotation of Secondary School Principals?Author(s): Reynolds, C., White, R., Brayman, C. and Moore, S. (2008)
Government statistics from the early 2000s in Ontario, Nova Scotia, Saskatchewan, and British Columbia illustrate that the percentage of women secondary school principals has risen over the past thirty years. This study investigated whether gender is a factor in the hiring and rotation practices of school boards within these four provinces.

Viewed 919 times.
Bringing Marginalized Parents and Caregivers Into Their Children’s SchoolingAuthor(s): Ippolito, J. (2012)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary provides an overview of research on creating links between parents and schools and a list of strategies that can be used to build these relationships:

"Weak or non-existent lines of communication between homes and schools may create suspicion between teachers and parents and caregivers....[A] synthesis of the research on barriers to parental involvement provides useful insight. They identify four areas where barriers to parental involvement in education can emerge..."

Viewed 1,227 times.
Online learning environments: The experiences of prospective teachersAuthor(s): Duncan, H.E., & Barnett, J. (2010)
Since 2005 many schools in the K-12 system have increased their offering of online courses (Watson, Gemin, & Ryan, 2008). This study examined the experiences of 19 pre-service teachers from one Ontario Faculty of Education who were enrolled in a course designed to teach effective online teaching skills. Topics covered by the course included designing and delivering online course content and the ethics of online teaching. The course itself was delivered using a blended approach with both online and face-to-face class sessions and ran from September to December in the fall of 2007.

Viewed 1,308 times.
Are Courses and Programs Offered Equitably to Students Across a School Board?Author(s): Parekh, G., Killoran, I. and Crawford, C. (2011)
This study investigated whether programs within the Toronto District School Board (TDSB) — such as French immersion, Special Education, the Ontario Youth Apprenticeship Program (OYAP), and the Specialist High Skills Major Program (SHSMP) — were offered equitably to students in secondary schools throughout the TDSB.

Viewed 1,161 times.
Does School Size Affect Student Achievement?Author(s): Jones K.R. and Ezeife A.N. (2011)
There has been much debate about the impact of school characteristics (such as school and classroom size) on student achievement. This study investigated the relationship between the size of a school — how large a school is in terms of student enrollment — and the academic achievement of students within that school.

Viewed 953 times.
What Factors Impact Student Enrollment in Physical Education Classes?Author(s): Hobin E.P., Leatherdale S., Manske S., Burkhalter R.J., & Woodruff, S.J. (2010)
While it is generally believed that regular physical activity is an important part of a healthy lifestyle, the amount of time teenagers spend being physically active can vary greatly. This study compared the enrollment rates of students in physical education (PE) courses in secondary schools across Ontario and the factors that impact this enrollment.

Viewed 1,096 times.
Teacher perceptions of the Ontario teacher performance appraisal (TPA) systemAuthor(s): Larsen, M.A. (2009)
This study evaluates the ways in which the original teacher
performance appraisal (TPA) process was implemented in various schools across Ontario and examined teacher perspectives of the affects and implications of the program. In particular, the research was guided by the following research question: What can we learn from teachers’ experiences about the effects, intended and unintended, of the Ontario teacher performance appraisal system?

Viewed 1,247 times.
School Injury Among Ottawa-Area StudentsAuthor(s): Josse, J., Mackay M., Osmond M. & Macpherson, A. (2009)
This study investigated the factors that influence the likelihood that a student will become injured at school, and identified trends surrounding the nature of injuries and the locations where injuries are likely to occur.

Viewed 898 times.
Does School Size Matter?Author(s): Newman, M., Garrett, Z., Elbourne, D., Bradley, S., Noden, P., Taylor, J. & West, A. (2006)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2006 systematic review of research on school size and student achievement by M. Newman, Z. Garrett, D. Elbourne, S. Bradley, P. Noden, J.Taylor, and A. West. This and other summaries can also be found on the E-BEST website: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,165 times.
Gender Stereotypes and Musical InstrumentsAuthor(s): Buttu, S. (2008)
This study investigated the perceptions of girls enrolled in a single-sex school about gender stereotypes in relation to musical instruments. The research study focused on whether stereotypes impact girls’ decisions to play a certain instrument and how girls from an all girl school describe their experiences of playing their instruments in their own school and in co-educational environments such as band camp.

Viewed 932 times.
Immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment matter to children’s mental health and behaviourAuthor(s): Hamilton, H.A., Marshall, L., Rummens, J.A., Fenta, H. & Simich, L. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Previous studies have shown that children’s perceptions of their school environment are related to their academic outcomes and wellbeing. Less research has been focused on the importance of parents’ perceptions of school environment on child adjustment. Parental perception of school environment may be important for immigrants because schools are a central aspect of family adaptation. This study looks at the relationship between immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment and the emotional and behavioural problems of their children."

Viewed 997 times.
Is it Better to Have Generalist or Specialist Teachers Teach Physical Education in Elementary Schools?Author(s): Faulkner, G., Dwyer; J., Irving, H., Allison, K., Adlaf, E., Goodman, J. (2008)
This research investigated whether Physical Education (PE) specialist teachers delivered more PE lessons and provide increased opportunities for moderate and vigorous physical activity than generalist teachers. The researchers also examined whether specialist or generalist PE teachers had any impact on perceptions of Physical activity within the broader school, and whether either teacher had an impact on the engagement of students in extracurricular physical activities, such as intramural sports, offered within a school.

Viewed 966 times.
Islamic Schooling in OntarioAuthor(s): Zine, J. (2004)
Four full-time Islamic schools are the focus of this study on alternative schooling. The objectives of this research were: to identify the role and function of Islamic schooling in a diasporic context; to understand the role of Islamic education in the development of Islamic identity; to examine the Islamization of knowledge and pedagogy in Islamic schools.

This research study also focused on the knowledge production of Islamically-centred education, the teaching strategies and ways of socialization and discipline. These areas are examined to understand the religious and spiritual traditions of Islam in schools.

Viewed 864 times.
Exploring the Use of Literature Across Elementary CurriculumAuthor(s): Pantaleo, S. (2002)
This study investigated the use of literature in elementary classrooms across subject areas. The researcher explored teacher and teacher-librarians’ use of different genres of literature including: realistic fiction (stories about everyday life), non-fiction, fantasy (science fiction, quest stories), poetry, traditional literature (myths, legends, folktales), and historical fiction. The researcher investigated the overall use of these genres by teachers and teacher-librarians and also the use of Canadian literature within each genre.

Viewed 1,258 times.
Single-Sex ClassroomsAuthor(s): Demers, S., Bennett, C. (2007)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"We hear more and more about single-sex classrooms. Traditionally, this mode of teaching was exclusively found in private schools; today, more and more single-sex classes are found in publicly funded schools in Canada and the United States. In the 1980s, single-sex classrooms were introduced in some Ontario schools to address perceived gaps in achievement of girls in mathematics. According to a recent Quebec study, in 2003–04 there were over 250 intervention projects to
improve boys’ learning. By far, the most common of these interventions was the single-sex classroom."

Viewed 1,270 times.
Integrating Aboriginal Teaching and Values into the ClassroomAuthor(s): Toulouse, P. R. (2008)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"A new body of research is beginning to demonstrate that Aboriginal students’ self-esteem is a key factor in their school success. An educational environment that honours the culture, language and world view of the Aboriginal student is critical. Schools need to meaningfully represent and include Aboriginal people’s contributions, innovations and inventions. Aboriginal students require a learning environment that honours who they are and where they have come from. These strategies nurture the self-esteem – the positive interconnection between the physical, emotional-mental, intellectual and spiritual realms – of Aboriginal students."

Viewed 2,803 times.
Placing Music at the Centre of Literacy InstructionAuthor(s): Boldu, J., Fleuret, C. (2009)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"This monograph begins with a survey of research which suggests that musical
activities promote the development of auditory perception and phonological
awareness as well as metacognitive and metalinguistic skills. It then presents
four pedagogical interventions. By way of conclusion, it reiterates the importance
of musical acitivities and music education in schools."


Viewed 1,222 times.
The Role of School-Community Partnerships in the Character Development of Secondary School YouthAuthor(s): Hands, C. (2008)
While many Ontario schools include character development and citizenship education as part of their curriculum, these topics have traditionally been taught to students in classrooms within the boundaries of schools. This research, on the other hand, investigated a character education program in one school that involved school-community partnerships.

Viewed 1,108 times.
How Are Sexual and Gender Identities Represented in an Ontario Science Text?Author(s): Bazzul, J., Sykes, H. (2011)
This study investigated gender and sexuality bias in one science text used in Ontario schools. In particular, the study was guided by two main research questions:

1. Does the text support the existence of alternative sexualities (Lesbian, gay, and bisexual, for example)?

2. Does the text promote fixed sex and gender identities only (omitting transgendered, transsexual, and intersexed identities, for example)?

Viewed 1,430 times.
Student Teacher Stress and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Montgomery, C., MacFarlane, L., Trumpower, D., Lloyd, R. (2012)
Student teachers (pre-service teachers who are completing teaching practicums within schools) can be under significant stress as they attempt to prove their skills and adapt to their supervisor’s style, all while undergoing constant evaluation. Some studies have suggested that these stressors may leave student teachers feeling burnt out before their career even begins. Recent studies have identified physical activity as a way to cope with stress, although research examining the relationship between student teacher stress and exercise has remain limited.

The purpose of this study was to identify the main sources of student teacher stress and investigate the relationship between levels of stress and participation in physical activity. Stress, for the purpose of this study, is defined as tension that arises when the demands of one’s surroundings exceeds one’s personal coping strategies.

Viewed 1,030 times.
Physical Activity Programs in Ontario Elementary SchoolsAuthor(s): Dwyer, J., Kenneth, A., LeMoine, K., Faulkner, G., Adlaf, E., Goodman, J., and Lysy, D. (2008)
The role of schools in providing opportunities for physical activity has become a topic of importance, as previous studies in Canada report both an increase in childhood obesity and a decrease in children’s daily physical activity. This study examines the physical activity programs offered in Ontario schools and the barriers that educators believe exist to providing these programs.

Viewed 841 times.
Internet Safety in SchoolsAuthor(s): Barnett, J. (2005)
This study investigated internet safety within Southern Ontario schools. Specifically, the researcher explores whether preservice teachers believe their students are involved in unsafe internet practices and whether schools are being sufficiently proactive about on-line student safety.

Viewed 1,207 times.
The Effectiveness of Literacy CoachesAuthor(s): Lynch, J., Alsop, S. (2007)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary provides an overview of research in the area of literacy coaches:

"This article offers a review of studies on literacy coaches. It highlights the diversity
of roles that coaches play, the resulting improvements to student achievement, and
the implications this holds for teachers and principals working with coaches to
improve student learning in elementary schools."

Viewed 1,190 times.
Forging Safer Learning Environments: Addressing Homophobic Bullying in SchoolsAuthor(s): Walton, G. (2010)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary provides an overview of research in the area of bullying in schools:

"Issues concerning gender and sexuality are rich fodder for bullying. For students
who identify or are perceived as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT),
school can be especially harrowing, as these students are frequently targeted
for bullying."

Viewed 1,329 times.
Successful practices for immigrant parent involvement: An Ontario perspectiveAuthor(s): Ladky, M, Stagg, S. (2007)
This study brings together the perspectives of 21 immigrant parents who speak eight different languages
and have been in Canada less than six years with those of 61 teachers and 32 principals who work in
schools with English as a second language (ESL) populations of 20% or greater who have been recognized
as successfully involving immigrant parents in their children's schooling.

Viewed 1,346 times.
Does Including Students With Special Needs in Grade 3 Classes Affect the Achievement of Students Without Special Needs?Author(s): Demeris, H., Childs, R., Jordan, A. (2008)
This summary was created by the CSSE's Canadian Journal of Education and is available on their website, along with other Knowledge Mobilization Snapshots, at http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/KMS.htm or via their homepage at www.cje-rce.ca.

This research snapshot summarizes a study on the inclusion of special needs students in a Grade 3 classroom:

"Some parents and educators worry that inclusion – that is, placing students with special needs in the regular classroom – will negatively affect the academic achievement of the students without special needs, for example, by creating more demands on the teacher’s attention and for other resources. This study uses data from the 1997-1998 Ontario provincial assessment to investigate the relationship between the number of students with special needs in almost 2,000 grade-3 classes and the achievement scores of their peers without special needs."

Viewed 1,090 times.
How Teachers Can Use ResearchAuthor(s): Levin, B. (2012)
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research on how teachers can use research to inform their practice:

"Education research has an important contribution to make to practice, but teachers face two big challenges
in getting the most value from research evidence. First, how can teachers learn about the findings and
implications of high quality research? Second, how do teachers turn the rather general findings of research
into practices that work in very different schools and classrooms?"



Viewed 1,035 times.
Depression Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Calear, A., Christensen, H. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2010 systematic review of school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression, by Alison L. Calear and Helen Christensen.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,078 times.
Anxiety Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Neil, A., Christensen, H. (2011)
This research summary was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines Alison L. Neil and Helen Christensen's 2009 systematic review of school-based and early intervention programs for anxiety.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,060 times.
Anti-bullying programs in schoolsAuthor(s): Farrington, D., Tfofi, M. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2009 systematic review of anti-bullying programs by David P Farrington and Maria M Tfofi.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,318 times.
Character education reconceptualizedAuthor(s): Bajovic, M., Rizzo, K., Engemann, J. (2009)
This research summary is intended to provide a clear understanding of the processes associated with character development in order to make recommendations for successful character education implementation.

Viewed 1,060 times.
Bullying prevention in schools: A survey of Ontario principalsAuthor(s): Smith, D., Cousins, B., Stewart, R. (2005)
This study explored the relations among various aspects of bullying prevention programs.

Viewed 906 times.
Restorative justice in an Ontario public schoolAuthor(s): Reimer, K. (2011)
This qualitative case study explores the implementation of restorative justice in one Ontario Public School. Restorative justice
is a philosophy and process for dealing with harmful behaviour, viewing such behaviour as a violation of relationships, not
rules.

Viewed 955 times.
Bullying at school: Students report unsafe and high bullying areas within their schoolAuthor(s): Vaillancourt, T., Brittain, H., Bennett, L., Arnocky, S., McDougall, P., Hymel, S. Short, K., Sunderani, S. Scott, C. Mackenzie, M., Cunningham, L. (2010)
Bullying can cause a number of psychological and social issues in victims such as depression, poor self-image and greater dependency on adults. Bullying is common in elementary and secondary schooling and Canadian schools are no exception. Statistics show that more than one-third of Canadian students are either bullied, involved in bullying someone else, or both. Although there are a number of anti-bullying programs in effect in Canadian schools, reviews show that most have either shown no effect on reducing bullying rates, or in some cases, have actually caused harm. There is agreement that anti-bullying programs could be improved with increased adult supervision in certain areas (i.e. cafeteria, gym, etc.) where students are frequently bullied. This research surveyed elementary and secondary school students to identify such areas.

Viewed 1,010 times.
The Role of External Diagnosis in School ImprovementAuthor(s): Ross, J., Sibbald, T. (2010)
When Ontario schools lack the capability to assess their own needs it is recommended that they use external diagnosis. In external diagnosis, experts who are not affiliated with the school visit it over a course of several days, sitting in on classes, reviewing student tasks, and reviewing teacher daybooks as well as literacy resources. At the end of the diagnostic session, the diagnosticians present an oral report to the school staff and the principal receives a written report a few weeks later.
This research interviewed random samples of Ontario school staff (teachers, principals, literacy coaches, and special education resource teachers), diagnosticians, district consultants and senior district administrators to better understand the role of external diagnosis in school improvement.

Viewed 883 times.
Academic Motivation of Immigrant and non-Immigrant AdolescentsAuthor(s): Areepattamannil, S., Freeman, J. (2008)
This research tried to better understand the academic achievements of immigrant adolescents in the GTA.

Viewed 1,212 times.
The regulation of Mp3 Players and cell phones in secondary schoolAuthor(s): Domitrek, J, Raby, R. (2008)
Recently, there has been much media coverage about cell phone and personal music player usage in schools, including in the
Toronto and Whitton regions. However, there is little literature on how students and teachers view rules on the use of such
electronic devices. Using data gathered from focus groups with students in Toronto and Whitton and interviews with teachers
and administrators from Whitton, we present the viewpoints from these stakeholders on the usage of cell phones and personal music players.

Viewed 1,303 times.
School processes and teachers’ sense of collective efficacyAuthor(s): Ross, J., Hogaboam-Gray, A., Gray, P. (2004)
This research examines the effects of prior student achievement and school processes on collective teacher efficacy. In this study, collective teacher efficacy is defined in terms of teachers’ perception of their ability to improve student learning as an instructionally focused team within the school.

Viewed 820 times.
Pre-service Teachers’ Perceptions of School Environments Before and After School PlacementsAuthor(s): Cherubini, L. (2008)
In the course of their formal training, pre-service teacher candidates are exposed to the concept of schools as a professional community of inquiry – that is, the idea that schools are environments where professionals come together to collaboratively improve the process of teaching and learning. While some researchers have investigated the experiences of new teachers in the professional environment of schools, there is comparatively less research into the experience of pre-service teachers.

Viewed 816 times.
The complexities of secondary school reform over timeAuthor(s): Hargreaves, A., Goodson, I. (2006)
This is a 5-year Spencer Foundation-funded longitudinal project that examines educational change over time (1970s, 1980s, and 1990s) by exploring the experiences of teachers and administrators who worked in eight secondary schools in the United States and Canada within these periods.

Viewed 997 times.
What Shapes Inner City Education Policy?Author(s): Gaskell, J., Levin, B., Pollock, K. (2007)
This research looks at the ways that urban school boards in Toronto and Winnipeg have attempted over the last thirty to forty years to address issues of poverty and diversity.

Viewed 1,130 times.
Pathways to University and the "Victory Lap" Phenomenon in OntarioAuthor(s): Brady, P., Allingham, P. (2010)
In the late 1990s, Ontario began phasing out Grade 13/OAC; however many students continued to return to high school for a fifth year. This phenomenon became known as completing a “victory
lap.” This research investigated the “victory lap” phenomenon.

Viewed 1,064 times.
Teacher intervention in situations of bullyingAuthor(s): Blain-Arcaro, C., Smith, D., Cunningham, C., Vaillancourt, T., Rimas, H.
The goal of this study was to determine what features of bullying situations influence teachers’ decision to intervene. To
accomplish this, the researchers used a forced-choice task that reveals the degree of importance teachers place on different features of
bullying situations in their decisions to intervene or not.

Resource about bullying: Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network Website: http://www.prevnet.ca/

Viewed 979 times.
Helping children with their schooling: A comparison of parents of children with and without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Author(s): Rogers M.A., Wiener, J., Marton, I., Tannock, R. (2009)
It is often reported by teachers and parents that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have problems in school: they are less engaged, have lower grades, lower graduation rates and require more attention from teachers. Children with ADHD also have similar problems outside the classroom. These problems are not surprising because the symptoms associated with ADHD make learning more difficult. While there is research that describes how and why parents of children without ADHD are involved in their children’s learning, and that this involvement benefits the children, there is little information about parental involvement in the schooling of children with ADHD. This study explored parental involvement in the learning of students with ADHD.

Viewed 1,284 times.
Contextual Learning at Summer CampAuthor(s): Fine, S. (2005)
This research explores how contexts linked to residential outdoor experiences (ROE) contribute to significant learning. It addresses the need for the reconsideration and restoration of routine outdoor programs in Ontario schools and teacher training in this area.

Viewed 964 times.
Equity Measures Compared Between Three ProvincesAuthor(s): Li, X. (2010)
This study compares the elementary education funding formula in Ontario, Alberta, and BC with a focus on
vertical equity from the students’ perspective. The similarities and differences, particularly the measures
related to assisting disadvantaged students, of the three formula are analyzed and their possible implications are explored. With increasingly diverse students in schools, it is important to understand how equity measures in provincial funding formula work to meet the needs of all students.

Viewed 898 times.
Smoking in Ontario Schools: Does policy make a difference?Author(s): Reitsma, A., Manske, S. (2004)
Although tobacco use has decreased in Canada it remains the country’s leading cause of premature death. Most people (85%) start smoking before the age of 18 despite the fact that Canadian federal laws make it illegal for people under the age of 18 to buy cigarettes. Many provinces set the bar at 19 years. Therefore, schools are a key environment to support youth remaining tobacco-free.
The researchers in this study assessed the link between school tobacco policy and smoking status in Ontario elementary and secondary schools in 2003.

Viewed 1,184 times.
Bullying, Student-Teacher Relationships, and Academic PerformanceAuthor(s): Konishi, C., Hymel, S., Zumbo, B., Li, Z. (2010)
Research conducted in Ontario schools has shown that large numbers of students experience violence and bullying in schools. Bullying has been found to have a negative impact on school performance and student development in general. This study looked at whether student’s academic performance is related to rates of bullying at school level, whether student-teacher connectedness has an impact on the bullying-achievement relationship and whether students who feel they have a positive relationship with their teachers perform well academically even if bullying happens at their school.

Viewed 1,816 times.