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Bullying at school: Students report unsafe and high bullying areas within their schoolAuthor(s): Vaillancourt, T.; Brittain, H.; Bennett, L.; Arnocky, S., McDougall, P., Hymel, S. Short, K., Sunderani, S. Scott, C. Mackenzie, M., Cunningham, L. (2010)
Bullying can cause a number of psychological and social issues in victims such as depression, poor self-image and greater dependency on adults. Bullying is common in elementary and secondary schooling and Canadian schools are no exception. Statistics show that more than one-third of Canadian students are either bullied, involved in bullying someone else, or both. Although there are a number of anti-bullying programs in effect in Canadian schools, reviews show that most have either shown no effect on reducing bullying rates, or in some cases, have actually caused harm. There is agreement that anti-bullying programs could be improved with increased adult supervision in certain areas (i.e. cafeteria, gym, etc.) where students are frequently bullied. This research surveyed elementary and secondary school students to identify such areas.

This document has been viewed 936 times.
Bullying, student-teacher relationships, and academic performanceAuthor(s): Chiaki Konishi; Shelley Hymel; Bruno D. Zumbo; Zhen Li (2010)
Research conducted in Ontario schools has shown that large numbers of students experience violence and bullying in schools. Bullying has been found to have a negative impact on school performance and student development in general. This study looked at whether student’s academic performance is related to rates of bullying at school level, whether student-teacher connectedness has an impact on the bullying-achievement relationship and whether students who feel they have a positive relationship with their teachers perform well academically even if bullying happens at their school.

This document has been viewed 1,528 times.
Does School Size Affect Student Achievement?Author(s): Kerry Reimer Jones; Anthony N. Ezeife (2011)
There has been much debate about the impact of school characteristics (such as school and classroom size) on student achievement. This study investigated the relationship between the size of a school — how large a school is in terms of student enrollment — and the academic achievement of students within that school.

This document has been viewed 890 times.
Does School Size Matter?Author(s): M. Newman, Z. Garrett, D. Elbourne, S. Bradley, P. Noden, J. Taylor, A. West (2006)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2006 systematic review of research on school size and student achievement by M. Newman, Z. Garrett, D. Elbourne, S. Bradley, P. Noden, J.Taylor, and A. West. This and other summaries can also be found on the E-BEST website: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 1,065 times.
Effective Elements of Suicide Prevention programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Balaguru, V; Sharma, J; Waheed, W
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2012 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by Balaguru, Sharma and Waheed.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 213 times.
Immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment matter to children’s mental health and behaviourAuthor(s): Hayley A. Hamilton, Lysandra Marshall, Joanna A. Rummens, Haile Fenta, Laura Simich
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Previous studies have shown that children’s perceptions of their school environment are related to their academic outcomes and wellbeing. Less research has been focused on the importance of parents’ perceptions of school environment on child adjustment. Parental perception of school environment may be important for immigrants because schools are a central aspect of family adaptation. This study looks at the relationship between immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment and the emotional and behavioural problems of their children."

This document has been viewed 918 times.
Pre-service Teachers’ Perceptions of BullyingAuthor(s): Katrina Craig; David Bell; Alan Leschied (2011)
School-based bullying has increasingly attracted the attention of educational policy makers, parents, academics, and educators over the past decade. This study investigates pre-service teachers’ knowledge of, and attitudes about, school-based bullying. Specifically, this research investigates the impact of a pre-service teacher’s gender, prior experiences with different types of bullying, and the type of faculty of education program they are enrolled in (primary-junior, junior- intermediate, or intermediate-senior), on the likelihood that he/she will intervene in incidents of school-based bullying.

This document has been viewed 1,313 times.
Promoting Critical Literacy across the Curriculum and Fostering Safer Learning EnvironmentsAuthor(s): Ginette D. Roberge
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

In their everyday practice, teachers commonly encourage children to think deeply and critically examine what they read and view. Over the last decade, this practice has been augmented by increased emphasis on the teaching of critical thinking and critical literacy skills in Ontario schools. By teaching students to understand and embrace diverse viewpoints and to consider underlying messages, critical literacy may help foster another important provincial priority, that of creating safe and caring learning environments.

This document has been viewed 746 times.
Restorative justice in an Ontario public schoolAuthor(s): Kristin Reimer
This qualitative case study explores the implementation of restorative justice in one Ontario Public School. Restorative justice
is a philosophy and process for dealing with harmful behaviour, viewing such behaviour as a violation of relationships, not
rules.

This document has been viewed 867 times.
Serving communities with high incidences of poverty: Success stories from Ontario elementary schoolsAuthor(s): Joseph Flessa; Kelly Gallagher-McKay (2010)
Previous literature suggests that the effects of child poverty is a challenging issue for students, teachers, and school administrators (Bascia, 1996). In collaboration with the Elementary Teachers’ Federation of Ontario (ETFO), this study focused on the work of 11 Ontario elementary schools in order to understand “how schools can best work with students and communities affected by poverty” (p. 5).

This document has been viewed 925 times.
Smoking in Ontario Schools: Does policy make a difference?Author(s): Angela Reitsma; Steve Manske
Although tobacco use has decreased in Canada it remains the country’s leading cause of premature death. Most people (85%) start smoking before the age of 18 despite the fact that Canadian federal laws make it illegal for people under the age of 18 to buy cigarettes. Many provinces set the bar at 19 years. Therefore, schools are a key environment to support youth remaining tobacco-free.
The researchers in this study assessed the link between school tobacco policy and smoking status in Ontario elementary and secondary schools in 2003.

This document has been viewed 962 times.
Teacher intervention in situations of bullyingAuthor(s): Christine Blain-Arcaro; J. David Smith; Charles Cunningham; Tracy Vaillancourt; Heather Rimas
The goal of this study was to determine what features of bullying situations influence teachers’ decision to intervene. To
accomplish this, the researchers used a forced-choice task that reveals the degree of importance teachers place on different features of
bullying situations in their decisions to intervene or not.

Resource about bullying: Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network Website: http://www.prevnet.ca/

This document has been viewed 853 times.
The regulation of Mp3 Players and cell phones in secondary schoolAuthor(s): Julie Domitrek; Rebecca Raby
Recently, there has been much media coverage about cell phone and personal music player usage in schools, including in the
Toronto and Whitton regions. However, there is little literature on how students and teachers view rules on the use of such
electronic devices. Using data gathered from focus groups with students in Toronto and Whitton and interviews with teachers
and administrators from Whitton, we present the viewpoints from these stakeholders on the usage of cell phones and personal music players.

This document has been viewed 1,059 times.
What do we know about school climate?Author(s): A. Thapa; J. Cohen; S. Guffey; A. Higgens-D'Alessandro
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2013 literature review on school climate by Thapa, Cohen, Guffey, & Higgens-D'Alessandro.

This document has been viewed 752 times.