Search Results

Associations entre le statut socioéconomique, l’inégalité, le climat scolaire et les réalisations scolairesAuthor(s): Berkowitz, R., Moore, H., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. (2017)
Une corrélation a été établie entre de moins bonnes réalisations scolaires et un statut socioéconomique plus faible de l’élève et de l’école mais les preuves scientifiques qui établissent des liens entre le statut socioéconomique, le climat scolaire et les réalisations scolaires sont limitées, en raison de l’incohérence des méthodes d’étude et des instruments de mesure. Un examen systématique a donc été effectué pour examiner la littérature de façon exhaustive et déterminer si un climat scolaire positif pouvait réduire les écarts dans les réalisations entre les élèves et les écoles de différents statuts socioéconomiques.

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Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic AchievementAuthor(s): Berkowitz, R., Moore, H., Astor, R.A., Benbenishty, R. (2017)
Poorer academic achievement has been correlated with lower student and school SES but scientific evidence establishing links between SES, school climate, and academic achievement has its limitations due to inconsistency of study methods and measurement instruments. A systematic review was therefore conducted to comprehensively examine the literature and evaluate whether positive school climate can mitigate achievement gaps between students and schools of different SES backgrounds.

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Efficacité des interventions universelles en matière d’autorégulation chez les enfants et les adolescentsAuthor(s): Pandey, A., Hale, D., Das, S., Goddings, A. L., Blakemore, S. J., & Viner, R. M. (2018)
L’autorégulation est un concept psychologique qui inclut une gamme de compétences clés liées au contrôle émotionnel, aux interactions sociales positives, et à l’apprentissage autodirigé. Des recherches antérieures ont démontré que l’autorégulation était essentielle au développement et au maintien de la santé et du bien-être pendant l’enfance et toute la vie. Un examen systématique et une méta-analyse ont été effectués pour évaluer l’efficacité des interventions qui favorisent l’autorégulation chez les jeunes de la naissance à 19 ans, en plus des effets de telles interventions sur les résultats sociaux et en matière de santé.

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Effectiveness of Self-Regulation Interventions in Children and AdolescentsAuthor(s): Pandey, A., Hale, D., Das, S., Goddings, A. L., Blakemore, S. J., & Viner, R. M. (2018)
Past research has demonstrated that self‐regulation is essential for the development and maintenance of health and well‐being in childhood and across the lifespan. Given the growing evidence of its benefits, there have been many interventions developed to improve self‐regulation skills in youth. A systematic review and meta‐analysis were conducted to assess the effectiveness of interventions that promote self‐regulation among 0‐19 year olds, in addition to the effects of such interventions on health and social outcomes.

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Début des classes plus tardif et éducation, santé et bien-être des élèves du secondaireAuthor(s): Marx, R., TannerSmith, E. E., Davison, C. M., UĬolz, L. A., Freeman, J., Shankar, R., ... & Hendrikx, S. (2017)
Les élèves du secondaire présentent un risque plus élevé de manquer de sommeil en raison des changements à la chimie de leur cerveau et des exigences croissantes sur leur temps. Cette situation est préoccupante, étant donné que tout manque de sommeil, même léger, est associé à des effets indésirables, y compris des troubles d’apprentissage, un ralentissement du rendement et des pertes de mémoire. Pour aborder ces résultats négatifs, de nombreux systèmes scolaires envisagent de retarder l’heure du début des classes afin d’encourager les adolescents à dormir davantage.

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Do Later School Start Times Benefit the Education, Health, and Well-Being of High School Students?Author(s): Marx, R., TannerSmith, E. E., Davison, C. M., UĬolz, L. A., Freeman, J., Shankar, R., ... & Hendrikx, S. (2017)
High school students are at higher risk of sleep deprivation due to their changing brain chemistry and increased time demands. This is a concern given that even mild sleep deprivation is associated with undesirable effects, including impaired learning, slowed performance, and memory loss. To address these negative outcomes, many school systems are considering delaying school start times to promote sufficient sleep for adolescents.

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A Closer Look at: Bullying and Immigrant Youth in OntarioAuthor(s): Vitoroulis, Irene, & Georgiades, Katholiki. (2017)
Immigrant youth often experience a variety of barriers during their integration to the Canadian school system. Bullying is a problem in schools that can result in emotional, behavioural and social difficulties in youth. This research summary from the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB) takes a closer look at the role that schools and educators play in supporting positive peer relationships between immigrant and non-immigrant youth.

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Meaningful Making: Establishing a Makerspace in Your School or ClassroomAuthor(s): Hughes, J. (2017)
Makerspaces are creative spaces where people gather to tinker, create, invent, and learn. What do educators need to understand about maker pedagogies, and how can maker pedagogies support student learning across subject areas?

This research summary is part of "What Works? Research into Practice", produced by a partnership between the Ontario Association of Deans of Education and the Student Achievement Division.

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Science 3D: Discovery, Design & Development through MakerspacesAuthor(s): Hughes, J., Morrison, L., Thompson, S. (2017)
Community makerspaces have become a widespread phenomenon; however, these Do-It-Yourself (DIY) models, rooted in design thinking and innovation, are beginning to move into the realm of formal education. This research investigated the impact of using "makerspace" pedagogies in the teaching and learning process to bridge the gap between our technology-infused world and Ontario's curriculum. Researchers discovered that...

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Interventions scolaires pour les élèves de l’école primaire et de l’école intermédiaire dont le statut socioéconomique est peu élevéAuthor(s): Dietrichson, J., Bog, M., Filges, T., & Klint Jorgensen A. M. (2017)
Ce résumé de recherche conçu par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB) décrit un recensement systématique, effectué en 2017, qui examine la documentation actuelle permettant de mieux comprendre quels types d’intervention peuvent être mis en œuvre afin d’améliorer les résultats aux tests standardisés en lecture et en mathématiques des élèves des écoles élémentaires et intermédiaires dont le statut socio-économique est peu élevé.

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Évaluation de l’efficacité de programmes de prévention du suicide offerts en milieu scolaireAuthor(s): Katz, C., Bolton, S.-L., Katz, L. Y., Isaak, C., Tilston-Jones, T., Sareen, J. & Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2013)
Ce résumé de recherche conçu par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB) présente un examen systématique qui cherchait à évaluer une gamme de programmes scolaires de prévention du suicide. La recherche a examiné l’efficacité et les limites des différents programmes traitant du suicide qui existent à l’heure actuelle. Implications et recommandations sont évoquées en fonction des conclusions tirées.

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Efficacité des interventions fondées sur la pleine conscience en milieu scolaire pour les jeunesAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis-de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., & Singh, N. (2015)
Ce résumé de recherche a été conçu par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB). Il a été largement démontré que les interventions basées sur la pleine conscience aident dans le traitement de divers problèmes sociaux et troubles psychologiques et qu’elles bénéficient aux jeunes. Nombreux sont les éducateurs qui choisissent d’inclure des exercices ou des méthodes de pleine conscience dans le cadre des tâches quotidiennes en salle de classe. Récemment, un examen systématique a passé en revue ce que nous connaissons déjà sur certaines des incidences qu’ont les programmes de pleine conscience en milieu scolaire.

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L’activité physique et l’engagement scolaire chez les jeunesAuthor(s):
Ceci est un résumé de recherche mis à jour développé par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB). Les éducateurs subissent de plus en plus de pression à améliorer les notes obtenues aux tests scolaires. Ceci peut se traduire par la perception selon laquelle le temps passé en classe profite davantage au rendement scolaire, comparativement à celui consacré à promouvoir et à faire de l’activité physique. Cet examen systématique suggère que cette perspective est biaisée dans la mesure où l’activité physique a une incidence positive sur les résultats scolaires obtenus du fait qu’elle favorise l’engagement des élèves à être motivé pour l’école.

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Les interventions en faveur du développement positif des jeunes sont-elles efficaces?Author(s): Ciocanel, O., Power, K., Eriksen, A., & Gillings, K. (2017)
Ce résumé de recherche conçu par le Réseau d’échange des connaissances pour le bien-être des élèves (KNSWB) décrit un examen systématique, effectué en 2017, sur l’efficacité des interventions en matière de développement des jeunes à engendrer des résultats positifs et à réduire les comportements problématiques. La recherche conclut que les interventions visant à engendrer une positivité chez les jeunes constituent une technique préventive encourageante pouvant réduire les comportements dangereux et délictueux des adolescents.

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Are Positive Youth Development Interventions Effective?Author(s): Ciocanel, O., Power, K., Eriksen, A., & Gillings, K. (2017).
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a 2017 systematic review of the effectiveness of youth development interventions in promoting positive outcomes and reducing problem behaviours. The research finds that positive youth development interventions are a promising preventative technique for reducing harmful adolescent behaviour.

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Effectiveness of Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis‐de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., & Singh, N. (2015)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a 2015 systematic review that examined what is known about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings. The researchers believe that mindfulness-based interventions have great potential for improving educational and psychosocial outcomes for students.

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Evaluating the Effectiveness of School-Based Suicide Prevention ProgramsAuthor(s): Katz, C., Bolton, S.-L., Katz, L. Y., Isaak, C., Tilston-Jones, T., Sareen, J. and Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2013)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a systematic review that sought to evaluate a range of school-based suicide prevention curricula. The review examined the efficacy and limitations of several existing suicide programs. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are discussed.

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Academic Interventions for Elementary and Middle School Students with Low SESAuthor(s): Dietrichson, J., Bog, M., Filges, T., & Klint Jorgensen A. M. (2017)
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB), outlining a 2017 systematic review that examined the current literature to better understand what types of interventions can be implemented to increase standardized test scores in reading and mathematics of low SES students in elementary and middle school.

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Physical Activity and School Engagement in YouthAuthor(s): Owen, K.B., Parker, P.D., Van Zanden, B., MacMillan, F., Astell-Burt, T. and Lonsdale, C. (2016)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a systematic review that examined the link between physical activity and school engagement in youth. Overall, the results suggest that promoting physical activity could improve school engagement. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are discussed.

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After-School Programs for At-Risk YouthAuthor(s): Kremer, K., Maynard, B., Polanin, J., Vaughn, M. and Sarteschi, C. (2015)
This is an updated research summary developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). It outlines a systematic review and meta-analysis that attempted to determine whether after-school programs affect externalizing (problematic) behaviour and school attendance. The programs under review ranged from academically oriented to mainly extra-curricular. Implications and recommendations for after-school programs are provided.

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Treatment of Mental Health Disorders Among Children in Child Welfare CareAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Leschie, A., den Dunnen, W., Zalmanowitz, S., Baiden, P. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Many children and youth in the child welfare system are receiving
inadequate mental health treatment. Evidence suggests that comprehensive intervention efforts involving the child or youth, family, school, and community are required for improving behavioural functioning and placement stability.

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Factors Related to Non-Suicidal Self-Injury (NSSI) Among Adolescents Seeking Mental Health ServicesAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Baiden, P. and Theall-Honey, L. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

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Effectiveness of Mindfulness Based Interventions for Youth in SchoolsAuthor(s): Felver, J., Celis-de Hoyos, C., Tezanos, K., and Singh, N. (2015)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

Mindfulness‐based interventions have been broadly shown to be
effective for a variety of psycho‐social problems, and may be
effective with youth....many educators are choosing to include mindfulness exercises or practices as part of their classroom routines. A recent systematic review has examined what we know about some of the effects of mindfulness programs in school settings.

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Effectiveness of Suicide Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Katz, C., Bolton, S., Katz, L., Isaak, C., Tilston-Jones, T., and Sareen, J. (2013)
his research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2013 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by
Katz, Bolton, Katz, Isaak, Tilston-Jones and Sareen.

http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 318 times.
Effective Elements of Suicide Prevention programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Balaguru, V, Sharma, J, Waheed, W. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2012 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by Balaguru, Sharma and Waheed.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

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Making Math Children Will LoveAuthor(s): Colgan, L. (2014)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html.

Evidence suggests that learning is energized by affect. We, as educators, must turn our attention to resources and strategies that improve students’ relationships with mathematics content and processes and pique students’ motivation, emotion, interest and attention.

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Parents' experiences seeking help for their children with mental health issuesAuthor(s): Reid, G., Cunningham, C., Tobon, J. and Evans, B. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

Having families involved with multiple mental health agencies can lead to greater system costs, increased burdens on families,
insufficient treatment, or unequal distribution of services. Administrators and policymakers may find this study interesting in order to re-evaluate the structure and service model of the mental health system.

Viewed 613 times.
Cross-language activation of phonology in young bilingual readersAuthor(s): Jared, D., Cormier, P., Levy, B. and Wade-Woolley, L. (2012)
This study investigated the extent to which FI students whose first language is English identify and process words in both English and French during reading. Specifically the researchers explored whether students simultaneously learning two languages that share the same alphabet mentally store and retrieve words through a language specific system—French only or English only, or whether students posses a larger lexicon where their knowledge of both French and English words is invoked during the reading process.

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Physical Activity and Student AchievementAuthor(s): Fedewa, A. & Soyeon, A. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2011 systematic review of the link between physical activity and student achievement by Fedewa & Soyeon.

Viewed 738 times.
Effective Writing Instruction for Students in Elementary GradesAuthor(s): Graham, S., McKeown, D., Kiuhara, S., & Harris, K. R. (2012).
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2012 systematic review of methodologies for writing instruction with elementary students by Graham, McKeown, Kiuhara & Harris

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Effective Practices for Math Teaching in Middle and Secondary SchoolsAuthor(s): Slavin, R. E.; Lake, C.; Groff, C. (2009)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2009 systematic review of different math programs available to middle and secondary teachers by Slavin, R. E., Lake, C., & Groff, C.

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Effective Practices for Math Teaching in Elementary SchoolsAuthor(s): Slavin R. E. & Lake C. (2007)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2007 systematic review of on different math programs available to elementary teachers by Slavin, R. E. , & Lake, C.

Viewed 978 times.
Dropout Prevention and Intervention ProgramsAuthor(s): Wilson, S. J., Tanner‐Smith, E. E., Lipsey, M. W., Steinka‐Fry, K., & Morrison, J. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2011 systematic review of dropout prevention programs by Wilson, S. J., Tanner‐Smith, E. E., Lipsey, M. W., Steinka‐Fry, K., & Morrison.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

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Transitioning to Canada: The Experience of New Canadian Music TeachersAuthor(s): Sprikut, L. Bartel, L. (2010)
This study investigated the experiences of 4 new Canadian music teachers, including the ways in which their instructional approaches and professional values changed, or were challenged, once they began teaching in Ontario.

Viewed 968 times.
Secondary Students’ Attitudes Towards “Clickers” or Audience Response Systems (ARS)Author(s): Kay, R.H. and Knaack, L. (2009)
“Clickers” or Audience Response Systems (ARS), “permit students to answer digitally-displayed multiple choice questions using a remote control” (Kay et al., 2009, p. 1). One of the suggested benefits of clickers (or ARS) is that they allows teachers to gauge in real-time whether students are grasping the content of a lesson, and make timely adjustments to their lesson when necessary. This study investigated student attitudes towards ARS in Ontario secondary schools.

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Online learning environments: The experiences of prospective teachersAuthor(s): Duncan, H.E., & Barnett, J. (2010)
Since 2005 many schools in the K-12 system have increased their offering of online courses (Watson, Gemin, & Ryan, 2008). This study examined the experiences of 19 pre-service teachers from one Ontario Faculty of Education who were enrolled in a course designed to teach effective online teaching skills. Topics covered by the course included designing and delivering online course content and the ethics of online teaching. The course itself was delivered using a blended approach with both online and face-to-face class sessions and ran from September to December in the fall of 2007.

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Perspectives of New Administrators on the Ontario Principals Qualification CoursesAuthor(s): Luu K.N. (2010)
Teachers who wish to move into the role of administration in Ontario’s public school system must first complete Principals’ Qualification Courses (PQP). This study investigated the perceptions of newly appointed school administrators in Ontario regarding their experience with the PQP. More specifically, the author wished to explore the extent to which the current structure of PQP training in Ontario prepared new administrators for the realities of school leadership.

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Effective Reading Programs for All Students in the Elementary GradesAuthor(s): Slavin, R. E., Lake, C., Chambers, B., Cheung, A., & Davis, S. (2009)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on elementary reading programs. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"A recent systematic review examined studies of elementary
reading programs and compared them to one another....Researchers found that instructional process programs designed to change daily teaching practices had substantially greater research
support than programs that focused on curriculum or technology alone. "

Viewed 1,645 times.
Effective Reading Programs for Struggling Students in the Elementary GradesAuthor(s): Slavin, R. E., Lake, C., Davis, S., & Madden, N. A. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on effective elementary reading programs. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"A recent systematic review examined studies of remedial reading programs and compared them to one another....Researchers found that the most effective strategy for remedial readers was an initial focus on improving classroom instruction methods, followed by one‐on‐one tutoring with an emphasis on phonics for students who continued to struggle."

Viewed 2,452 times.
Psychological and educational interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescentsAuthor(s): Merry, S. N., Hetrick, S. E., Cox, G. R., Brudevold‐ Iverson, T., Bir, J. J., & McDowell, H. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on psychological and educational interventions. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"A recent systematic review sought to determine whether psychological and/or educational interventions are effective in preventing depression in children and adolescents....When compared with no intervention, programs showed an immediate reduction in risk of depression."

Viewed 1,067 times.
Classroom management practices to reduce disruptive or aggressive student behaviourAuthor(s): Oliver, R. M., Wehby, J. H., & Reschly, D. J. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on effective classroom management strategies. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"A recent systematic review sought to determine whether classroom management programs were effective in reducing
problematic behaviour in students from kindergarten through grade 12....It was found that classrooms that implemented classroom management programs had significantly lower rates of problem behaviour than classrooms not using classroom
management interventions."

Viewed 3,043 times.
Programs in Brief: Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS)Author(s): The PALS program was developed by the Kennedy Centre for Human Development at Vanderbilt University.
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on the Peer Assisted Learning Strategies (PALS) program. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"PALS is a systematic class‐wide reading program for students in
kindergarten to grade 6. PALS builds reading fluency and
comprehension skills through a set of activities that students are
engaged in for 35 – 45 minute sessions, 3 – 4 times a week. The
classroom teacher provides the initial lesson followed by a
prescribed lesson with materials provided . This is followed by
students working in pairs to practice and reinforce the skills
taught."

Viewed 2,037 times.
Dual-credit programming: The challenges and opportunitiesAuthor(s): Watt-Malcolm, B. (2011)
Dual-credit systems, or the opportunity for secondary students to earn credits at high school and college levels simultaneously (Lekes et al., 2007) is well established in the United States. As part of a larger study that examines secondary school apprenticeships and partnerships, this study investigates the tensions that exist in the implementation of dual credit systems in the provinces of Ontario and British Columbia with a specific focus on dual-credit for apprenticeship training.

Viewed 950 times.
Teacher perceptions of the Ontario teacher performance appraisal (TPA) systemAuthor(s): Larsen, M.A. (2009)
This study evaluates the ways in which the original teacher
performance appraisal (TPA) process was implemented in various schools across Ontario and examined teacher perspectives of the affects and implications of the program. In particular, the research was guided by the following research question: What can we learn from teachers’ experiences about the effects, intended and unintended, of the Ontario teacher performance appraisal system?

Viewed 1,247 times.
Does School Size Matter?Author(s): Newman, M., Garrett, Z., Elbourne, D., Bradley, S., Noden, P., Taylor, J. & West, A. (2006)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2006 systematic review of research on school size and student achievement by M. Newman, Z. Garrett, D. Elbourne, S. Bradley, P. Noden, J.Taylor, and A. West. This and other summaries can also be found on the E-BEST website: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,165 times.
Pre-service Teachers Knowledge About Ontario’s Large-scale AssessmentsAuthor(s): Childs, R. & Lawson, A. (2003)
This study investigated pre-service teachers’ knowledge about Ontario’s large-scale assessments developed by the Education Quality and Accountability Office (EQAO).

Viewed 1,217 times.
Immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment matter to children’s mental health and behaviourAuthor(s): Hamilton, H.A., Marshall, L., Rummens, J.A., Fenta, H. & Simich, L. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Previous studies have shown that children’s perceptions of their school environment are related to their academic outcomes and wellbeing. Less research has been focused on the importance of parents’ perceptions of school environment on child adjustment. Parental perception of school environment may be important for immigrants because schools are a central aspect of family adaptation. This study looks at the relationship between immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment and the emotional and behavioural problems of their children."

Viewed 997 times.
Islamic Schooling in OntarioAuthor(s): Zine, J. (2004)
Four full-time Islamic schools are the focus of this study on alternative schooling. The objectives of this research were: to identify the role and function of Islamic schooling in a diasporic context; to understand the role of Islamic education in the development of Islamic identity; to examine the Islamization of knowledge and pedagogy in Islamic schools.

This research study also focused on the knowledge production of Islamically-centred education, the teaching strategies and ways of socialization and discipline. These areas are examined to understand the religious and spiritual traditions of Islam in schools.

Viewed 864 times.
Learning Mathematics vs Following “Rules”: The Value of Student-Generated MethodsAuthor(s): Lawson, A. (2007)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"There has been a significant shift in the instruction of mathematics over the past two decades. This shift has occurred in response to growing evidence that students were learning how to apply mathematics rules without a real understanding of the mathematics. A particularly disconcerting observation was that student difficulties often stemmed from our longstanding traditional methods of mathematics instruction."


Viewed 2,247 times.
Combined Grade ClassroomsAuthor(s): Lataille-Démoré, D. (2007)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"Combined grades include children from two or more consecutive grades in one
classroom, with one teacher. This type of classroom is very common on both a
global and local scale – in Ontario, approximately 21 per cent of classes fall into
this category. Combined grades are generally found in school systems with specific
objectives for each grade level. For this reason, combined grades are different from
the multi-age model promoted in certain environments in the U.S. and Australia as a
way to focus instruction on individual development. The division in groups by age is,
historically, a rather recent phenomenon, dating back to the industrial revolution. In this monograph, the important question of how to optimize learning in a
combined grade class is addressed."

Viewed 1,633 times.
How Are Sexual and Gender Identities Represented in an Ontario Science Text?Author(s): Bazzul, J., Sykes, H. (2011)
This study investigated gender and sexuality bias in one science text used in Ontario schools. In particular, the study was guided by two main research questions:

1. Does the text support the existence of alternative sexualities (Lesbian, gay, and bisexual, for example)?

2. Does the text promote fixed sex and gender identities only (omitting transgendered, transsexual, and intersexed identities, for example)?

Viewed 1,430 times.
Performance based accountability in Canadian educationAuthor(s): Jaafar, S. B., Earl, L. (2009)
This summary was created by the CSSE's Canadian Journal of Education and is available on their website, along with other Knowledge Mobilization Snapshots, at http://www.csse-scee.ca/CJE/KMS.htm or via their homepage at www.cje-rce.ca.

This research snapshot summarizes a study on performance-based accountability in Canadian education:

"In Canada, each jurisdiction continues to invest substantial resources to develop and implement individual performance-based accountability systems. Each Ministry of Education claims its model improves student achievement and school practices. They make this claim based on their observations and experience with testing as opposed to concrete evidence that compares the influence of different models on actual practice."

Viewed 1,271 times.
Depression Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Calear, A., Christensen, H. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2010 systematic review of school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression, by Alison L. Calear and Helen Christensen.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,078 times.
Anxiety Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Neil, A., Christensen, H. (2011)
This research summary was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines Alison L. Neil and Helen Christensen's 2009 systematic review of school-based and early intervention programs for anxiety.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,060 times.
Anti-bullying programs in schoolsAuthor(s): Farrington, D., Tfofi, M. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2009 systematic review of anti-bullying programs by David P Farrington and Maria M Tfofi.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

Viewed 1,318 times.
Restorative justice in an Ontario public schoolAuthor(s): Reimer, K. (2011)
This qualitative case study explores the implementation of restorative justice in one Ontario Public School. Restorative justice
is a philosophy and process for dealing with harmful behaviour, viewing such behaviour as a violation of relationships, not
rules.

Viewed 955 times.
Assessing Students' Learning SkillsAuthor(s): Klinger, D., Miller, T., Shulha, L. (2006)
The Ontario education system requires teachers to assess students’ academic and non-academic achievements (learning skills) separately. These skills include: works independently, teamwork, organization, work habits, and initiative. This research surveyed Grade 9 mathematics teachers in Ontario on their assessment practices relating to learning skills.

Viewed 1,227 times.
Pathways to University and the "Victory Lap" Phenomenon in OntarioAuthor(s): Brady, P., Allingham, P. (2010)
In the late 1990s, Ontario began phasing out Grade 13/OAC; however many students continued to return to high school for a fifth year. This phenomenon became known as completing a “victory
lap.” This research investigated the “victory lap” phenomenon.

Viewed 1,064 times.
Remain in a K-8 school or transition to junior high?: Differences in student achievementAuthor(s): Whitley, J., Lupart, J., Beran, T. (2007)
There is general agreement that when students transition from elementary to junior high school, their academic performance can suffer. Some researchers claim that the difficulties that students experience in this transition might have long-term negative effects. With this in mind, many education systems in Canada have taken steps to make the transition from elementary to junior high school smoother for students.
This research used nationally representative survey data to see if there were any actual differences in achievement between students who transitioned to grade seven from an elementary school compared to those who remained in the same school.

Viewed 1,189 times.
Challenges with the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT) for Second Language StudentsAuthor(s): Cheng, L., Klinger, D., Zheng, Y. (2007)
The purpose of this study was to see if there were any significant and systematic differences (based on success on different parts of the test) between ESL/ELD and non-ESL/ELD students that could help explain the higher failure rate of ESL/ELD students or provide ideas for what teachers and administrators could focus on when preparing ESL/ELD students for the OSSLT to increase their chances of success.

Viewed 1,352 times.