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Factors that Influence the Physical Activity Levels of Youth in Urban and Rural SettingsAuthor(s): Constantinos Loucaides; Ronald Plotnikoff; Kim Bercovitz
This study investigated the difference in physical activity (PA) levels of urban and rural youth in Canada. Specifically, the researchers explored the psychological, demographic, behavioural, and social factors affecting the level of PA for Canadian youth in urban and rural settings.

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Prevent Bullying by Promoting Healthy RelationshipsAuthor(s): Debra Pepler
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
http://www.etfo.ca/resources/researchforteachers/Pages/default.aspx

This summary outlines research in the area of bullying prevention:

"Teachers are critical in socializing children and shaping their relationships through moment-tomoment
interactions with their students. Through 20 years of research, we have come to
understand bullying as a relationship problem in which an individual uses power and aggression
to control and distress another....If bullying is a relationship problem, then it requires relationship solutions."

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Teacher intervention in situations of bullyingAuthor(s): Christine Blain-Arcaro; J. David Smith; Charles Cunningham; Tracy Vaillancourt; Heather Rimas
The goal of this study was to determine what features of bullying situations influence teachers’ decision to intervene. To
accomplish this, the researchers used a forced-choice task that reveals the degree of importance teachers place on different features of
bullying situations in their decisions to intervene or not.

Resource about bullying: Promoting Relationships and Eliminating Violence Network Website: http://www.prevnet.ca/

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