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Addressing the gap between service need and delivery of child and youth mental health servicesAuthor(s): Schwean, V. and Rodger, S. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This paper highlights the need for ongoing innovation, development, and evaluation of public mental health policy related to child and youth mental health services. Authors proposed a vision in which demonstration and research sites partner with public health policy approaches and provide support through research and evidence informed practice.

This document has been viewed 214 times.
Adolescent Attitudes Towards SchizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A., and Adalf, E. (2010)
This study investigated adolescent knowledge of schizophrenia and their attitudes towards persons with the disorder. This study aimed to understand the how knowledge about schizophrenia is associated with social distancing behavior (or behaving in a way to not wanting to associate with people with schizophrenia).

This document has been viewed 605 times.
Adolescent identity as a buffer against peer pressure & risk behavioursAuthor(s): Dumas, T., Ellis, W., Wolfe, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study explored whether youths’ level of identity exploration and commitment to identity would moderate the relationship between peer pressure and control and risk behaviours. Over 1,000 students completed self-report measures of identity exploration, identity commitment, risky behaviours, and experiences of peer-group pressure and control.


This document has been viewed 184 times.
Adolescent Stress and Coping Strategies Author(s): Cameron Montgomery
Academic performance has become one of the most prevalent stressors in western society for adolescents, and certain coping strategies can predict high school dropout (Hess & Copeland, 2001). However, studies on adolescent stress and coping present divergent causes of adolescent stress related to the environment. Moreover, results differ in terms of the way adolescents regulate their stress and coping. This literature review examines the scientific literature on the theme of adolescent stress and coping between 1997 and present and will answer the following questions in order to better understand high school dropout:
Question 1: What are the main causes of adolescents’ environmental stress?
Question 2: How do adolescents regulate their stress and coping?

This document has been viewed 1,820 times.
Adolescents’ knowledge of and stigma towards schizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A. & Adlaf, E. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"For people living with mental illness, stigma can be a large barrier that prevents improvement in their lives. But little research has been done to understand how stigma emerges in youth. This research explores how adolescent stigma toward people with schizophrenia is related to demographics. It also looks at how much knowledge adolescents have about the mental disorder."

This document has been viewed 1,218 times.
Anti-bullying programs in schoolsAuthor(s): David P Farrington; Maria M Tfofi
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2009 systematic review of anti-bullying programs by David P Farrington and Maria M Tfofi.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 1,198 times.
Anxiety Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Alison L. Neil; Helen Christensen
This research summary was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines Alison L. Neil and Helen Christensen's 2009 systematic review of school-based and early intervention programs for anxiety.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 1,004 times.
Bolstering Resilience in Students: Teachers as Protective FactorsAuthor(s): Kingsley Hurlington
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary provides an overview of research in the area of student resilience:

"Elementary teachers are well positioned to observe students who succeed despite overwhelming odds. It often appears that risk factors in the life of a child are insurmountable; yet, there are many who flourish amidst adversity. Early resiliency research focused on these seemingly anomalous youth, tracking their success into adulthood. Researchers were eager to determine what innate processes or capacities were helping these students to be successful in spite of the odds."

This document has been viewed 1,389 times.
Bullying predicts dating violence & poor relationship qualityAuthor(s): Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study showed that bullying predicts dating violence and poor relationship quality in adolescent dating relationships. These results illustrate how peer and dating relationship contexts are interconnected during adolescence. Youth who display aggression and other unhealthy behaviours in one type of relationship are likely to do so in others as well....

This document has been viewed 260 times.
Critical role of schools in child & youth mental healthAuthor(s): Leschied, A., Flett, G., and Saklofske, D. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Mental health problems are common yet unidentified among youth. Approximately one million youth in Canada will experience a diagnosable mental health disorder and only 4% of these youth will receive the necessary services.

This document has been viewed 422 times.
Depression Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Alison L. Calear; Helen Christensen
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2010 systematic review of school-based prevention and early intervention programs for depression, by Alison L. Calear and Helen Christensen.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 966 times.
Eating Disorders, Body Dissatisfaction and Depression Among AdolescentsAuthor(s): Goldfield, G.S., Moore, C., Henderson, K., Buchholz, A., Obeid, N. and Flament, M.F. (2010)
This study investigated eating disorder behaviour, body dissatisfaction and symptoms of depression among Canadian adolescents.

This document has been viewed 857 times.
Effective Elements of Suicide Prevention programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Balaguru, V, Sharma, J, Waheed, W. (2012)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2012 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by Balaguru, Sharma and Waheed.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 236 times.
Effectiveness of Suicide Prevention Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Katz, C., Bolton, S., Katz, L., Isaak, C., Tilston-Jones, T., and Sareen, J. (2013)
his research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2013 systematic review of effective elements of suicide prevention programs by
Katz, Bolton, Katz, Isaak, Tilston-Jones and Sareen.

http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 235 times.
Emotional intelligence: The new answer for improving teacher efficacy and well-beingAuthor(s): Vesely, A., Saklofske, D., Leschied, A. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Emotional intelligence (EI) training may improve teachers’ psychological health, increase teachers’ efficacy, decrease
their stress and job dissatisfaction, and promote positive student outcomes.

This document has been viewed 251 times.
Enhancing Students' Social and Emotional LearningAuthor(s): Joseph A. Durlak ; Roger P. Weissberg; Allison B. Dymnicki; Rebecca D. Taylor; Kriston B. Schellinger
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines a 2011 meta-analysis of school-based social and emotional learning programs, by Joseph A. Durlak, Roger P. Weissberg, Allison B. Dymnicki, Rebecca D. Taylor, and Kriston B. Schellinger.
http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

This document has been viewed 923 times.
Evaluating Culturally-Relevant Programs for Indigenous Youth: Challenges and StrategiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Snowshoe, A., Chiodo, D. and Brunette-Debassige, C. (2013)
A balance must be found between a strict research design and honoring the requirements of a community-based partnership when evaluating programming for First Nations youth. The researchers found that community-based research partnerships are...

This document has been viewed 63 times.
Factors related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents seeking mental health servicesAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Baiden, P. and Theall-Honey, L. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

This document has been viewed 275 times.
Helping children with their schooling: A comparison of parents of children with and without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)Author(s): Rogers M.A.; Wiener, J.; Marton, I; Tannock, R.
It is often reported by teachers and parents that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have problems in school: they are less engaged, have lower grades, lower graduation rates and require more attention from teachers. Children with ADHD also have similar problems outside the classroom. These problems are not surprising because the symptoms associated with ADHD make learning more difficult. While there is research that describes how and why parents of children without ADHD are involved in their children’s learning, and that this involvement benefits the children, there is little information about parental involvement in the schooling of children with ADHD. This study explored parental involvement in the learning of students with ADHD.

This document has been viewed 1,209 times.
How does social anxiety affect young children?Author(s): Weeks, M., Coplan R.J. and Kingsbury, A. (2009)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

"A young child with anxiety symptoms may be at risk of experiencing anxiety in their adolescence and adulthood....This study examines the effects of subclinical social anxiety on early elementary school
children."

This document has been viewed 1,176 times.
Immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment matter to children’s mental health and behaviourAuthor(s): Hamilton, H.A., Marshall, L., Rummens, J.A., Fenta, H. & Simich, L. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"Previous studies have shown that children’s perceptions of their school environment are related to their academic outcomes and wellbeing. Less research has been focused on the importance of parents’ perceptions of school environment on child adjustment. Parental perception of school environment may be important for immigrants because schools are a central aspect of family adaptation. This study looks at the relationship between immigrant parents’ perceptions of school environment and the emotional and behavioural problems of their children."

This document has been viewed 932 times.
Implementing Health Promotion Programs in SchoolsAuthor(s): Pearson, M., Chilton, R., Wyatt, K., Abraham, C., Ford, T., Woods, H., and Anderson, R. (2015)
This summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). The KNSWB is a project of the Knowledge Network for Applied Education Research (KNAER).

Schools have long been seen as a primary source of health promotion programs for children. Current health promotion practices in schools include such topics as: alcohol consumption, drug use, smoking, obesity, physical activity, sex and relationship education, and well‐being. Recent reviews suggest that...

This document has been viewed 80 times.
Increasing peer resistance skills through a school-based interventionAuthor(s): Wolfe, D., Crooks, C., Chiodo, D., Hughes, R., Ellis, W. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The Fourth R is an evidence based intervention in schools that teaches youth how to have healthy relationships. Students who participate in the program learn strategies that can reduce their likelihood of engaging in peer pressure scenarios (when pressured to use drugs or alcohol, have unsafe sex, or witness peer violence perpetration at a higher rate).

This document has been viewed 238 times.
Integrating Aboriginal Teaching and Values into the ClassroomAuthor(s): Pamela Rose Toulouse
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"A new body of research is beginning to demonstrate that Aboriginal students’
self-esteem is a key factor in their school success. An educational environment
that honours the culture, language and world view of the Aboriginal student is
critical. Schools need to meaningfully represent and include Aboriginal people’s
contributions, innovations and inventions. Aboriginal students require a learning environment that honours who they are and where they have come from. These strategies nurture the self-esteem – the positive interconnection between the physical, emotional-mental, intellectual and spiritual realms – of Aboriginal students."

This document has been viewed 2,219 times.
Link between non-suicidal self-injury & suicidal behavioursAuthor(s): Hamza, C., Stewart, S., Willoughby, T. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

NSSI and suicidal behaviours are different behaviours that often co-occur. Little attention has been given to why these behaviours are linked. Since NSSI is considered one of the most significant risk factor for suicidal behaviours, it is crucial to examine the mechanism through which this occurs. Three theories have been proposed to explain the link between NSSI and suicidal behaviours and, in this summary, an integrated model of these theories is introduced.

This document has been viewed 157 times.
Mental health literacy curriculum in teacher preparation programs: Helping teacher candidates meet the mental health needs of studentsAuthor(s): Roger, S., Hibbert, K., Leschied, A., Pickel, L., Stepien, M., Atkins, M., Koenig, A., Woods, M., Vandermeer, M. (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The concerns of education stakeholders about teachers’ mental health literacy mirror the lack of opportunities provided in their training. There is a need for a formal mental health literacy curriculum in teacher preparation programs.

This document has been viewed 270 times.
Parents' experiences seeking help for their children with mental health issuesAuthor(s): Reid, G., Cunningham, C., Tobon, J. and Evans, B. (2011)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can also be found at: www.eenet.ca

Having families involved with multiple mental health agencies can lead to greater system costs, increased burdens on families,
insufficient treatment, or unequal distribution of services. Administrators and policymakers may find this study interesting in order to re-evaluate the structure and service model of the mental health system.

This document has been viewed 559 times.
Poor peer & family relationships predict dating violence in adolescent girlsAuthor(s): Chiodo, D., Crooks, C.V., Wolfe, D.A., McIsaac, C., Hughs, R., and Jaffe, P.G. (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

The findings from this study underscore the importance of developing early prevention programming to enhance adolescent feelings of school connectedness, positive school attitudes, and engaging in personal control to reduce the likelihood of involvement in dating violence.

This document has been viewed 252 times.
Psychological and educational interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescentsAuthor(s): Merry, S. N., Hetrick, S. E., Cox, G. R., Brudevold‐ Iverson, T., Bir, J. J., & McDowell, H. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on psychological and educational interventions. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"A recent systematic review sought to determine whether psychological and/or educational interventions are effective in preventing depression in children and adolescents....When compared with no intervention, programs showed an immediate reduction in risk of depression."

This document has been viewed 985 times.
Resilient, Active, and Flourishing: Supporting Positive Mental Health and Well-Being in School CommunitiesAuthor(s): Carney, P. and Parr, M. (2014)
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

This summary explores how school communities can
create cultures that support positive mental health and well-being in
practical and effective ways.

This document has been viewed 309 times.
School-based violence prevention program offers a protective impact for youth with maltreatment historiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

This document has been viewed 286 times.
Student Teacher Stress and Physical ActivityAuthor(s): Cameron Montgomery; Les MacFarlane; David Trumpower; Rebecca Lloyd (2012)
Student teachers (pre-service teachers who are completing teaching practicums within schools) can be under significant stress as they attempt to prove their skills and adapt to their supervisor’s style, all while undergoing constant evaluation. Some studies have suggested that these stressors may leave student teachers feeling burnt out before their career even begins. Recent studies have identified physical activity as a way to cope with stress, although research examining the relationship between student teacher stress and exercise has remain limited.

The purpose of this study was to identify the main sources of student teacher stress and investigate the relationship between levels of stress and participation in physical activity. Stress, for the purpose of this study, is defined as tension that arises when the demands of one’s surroundings exceeds one’s personal coping strategies.

This document has been viewed 988 times.
Teachers report the factors that cause them stress when teaching inclusive classroomsAuthor(s): Brackenreed, D. (2008)
Adjusting to the demands of inclusive classrooms has been a stressful experience for many Ontario teachers (Leithwood, 2006). This study investigates teacher perceptions of the “stressors” (specific causes of stress) that result from the inclusion of special needs students in the regular classroom.

This document has been viewed 1,234 times.
The Educational Implications of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity DisorderAuthor(s): Rosemary Tannock
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
http://www.edu.gov.on.ca/eng/literacynumeracy/inspire/research/whatWorks.html

"Teachers should be aware that although there are many different perspectives on
ADHD, there is ample scientific evidence affirming its existence and its detrimental
impact on individuals. Classroom practices can make a difference for children with
ADHD."

This document has been viewed 2,486 times.
The New Mentality: Youth-adult partnerships in community mental health promotionAuthor(s): Ramey, H. and Rose-Krasnor, L. (2015)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Brock University researchers examined The New Mentality pilot program to explore what makes youth-adult partnerships work, and identify the potential benefit of youth-adult partnerships in child and youth community mental health promotion.

This document has been viewed 318 times.
Treatment of mental health disorders among children in child welfare careAuthor(s): Stewart, S., Leschie, A., den Dunnen, W., Zalmanowitz, S., Baiden, P. (2013)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

Many children and youth in the child welfare system are receiving
inadequate mental health treatment. Evidence suggests that comprehensive intervention efforts involving the child or youth, family, school, and community are required for improving behavioural functioning and placement stability.

This document has been viewed 422 times.
Two Years of School-Based, Culturally Relevant Mentoring Promotes Positive Mental Health for FNMI YouthAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Exner-Cortens, D., Burm, S., Lapointe, A. and Chiodo, D. (2016)
This study examined the effects of participation in a school-based, culturally relevant mentoring program on wellbeing among FNMI youth. Researchers found that...

This document has been viewed 120 times.
What are young bloggers saying about mental health?Author(s): Marcus, M.A., Westra, H., Eastwood, J.D. & Barnes, K.L. (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"The widespread use of Internet blogs has created a unique space for hearing from young people. Few studies, however, have looked at these blogs to gain a better picture of the experiences of young people with mental health problems – until now."

This document has been viewed 1,507 times.
What factors affect hospitalization of youth with mental health problems in Ontario?Author(s): Shannon Stewart, Chester Kam, and Phillip Baiden (2013)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet, formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

This study aimed to clarify the specific factors that affect how long youth stay in hospital for mental health problems and how likely they
are to be readmitted in the future.

This document has been viewed 209 times.
What parents expect from ED mental health services for youthAuthor(s): Cloutier P., Kennedy, A., Maysenhoelder H, Glennie E.J., Cappelli, M. & Gray, C. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

Many youth go to hospital emergency departments (EDs) for a variety of mental health issues. A child’s parents or caregivers
are often a clinician’s main source of information about the youth, their history, and the crisis situation. In this way, caregivers’
perceptions can play a huge role in the way the clinician administers care for the youth. The caregiver also represents a second set of
expectations that need to be met. However, there is no standardized way of getting information from caregivers. This study
examines parental expectations for ED mental health services for youth.

This document has been viewed 885 times.