Associations Between Socioeconomic Background, Inequality, School Climate, and Academic Achievement
Poorer academic achievement has been correlated with lower student and school SES but scientiﬁc evidence establishing links between SES, school climate, and academic achievement has its limitations due to inconsistency of study methods and measurement instruments. A systematic review was therefore conducted to comprehensively examine the literature and evaluate whether positive school climate can mitigate achievement gaps between students and schools of diﬀerent SES backgrounds.
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Developing Critical Literacy Skills: Exploring Masculine and Feminine Stereotypes in Children's Literature
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
"Children’s literature is an ideal resource for helping children develop critical literacy skills because it encompasses tales, poetry, novels, comic strips, documentaries and activity books for a diverse range of learners. Further...books for children of all ages are infused with the cultural values of society and contribute to the transmission of ideologies from one generation to the next. Given that equality of the sexes is one of the foundations of our democractic society, it is important to support students in developing their critical literacy skills by considering the values and ideologies inherent in the representations of femininity and masculinity in books written for children. Children’s books mirror the values and images transmitted to children by adults. They act as vehicles for passing ideologies from generation to generation....By carefully examining collections of literature from various persepctives, researchers have been able to identify and describe the ideologies inherent in representations of gender."
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