Factors Impacting Success of School-Based Suicide Prevention Programs
This research summary was developed by the Knowledge Network for Student Well-Being (KNSWB). At present, no evidence conclusively supports the use of any one specific type of school-based intervention for suicide prevention. This summary outlines a 2012 realist review (explanation rather than critique) that examined characteristics of interventions linked to a reduction in suicide attempts. Based on the findings, implications and recommendations are provided.
Viewed 66 times.
Critical Literacy Instruction and Primary Students
This action research study examined the impact of critical literacy instruction on primary students’ ability to respond critically to text. Specifically, the researchers explored primary students’ understanding of voice (which character’s message is most prominently portrayed); voiceless (which character’s message is marginalized ); the voiceless perspective (what a character might say); and the author’s message (what meanings and values does the text convey).
Viewed 1,259 times.
Assessing Text Difficulty for Students
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education
This monograph explores three key kinds of knowledge that may help teachers arrive at more informed and defensible judgments about the likelihood of a text’s readability for children:
1. knowledge about the reader’s characteristics and the reading task
2. knowledge about the surface features of a text
3.knowledge about the deeper features of texts and the modalities represented in the text.
Viewed 1,350 times.
Does School Size Affect Student Achievement?
There has been much debate about the impact of school characteristics (such as school and classroom size) on student achievement. This study investigated the relationship between the size of a school — how large a school is in terms of student enrollment — and the academic achievement of students within that school.
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What Factors Impact Student Enrollment in Physical Education Classes?
While it is generally believed that regular physical activity is an important part of a healthy lifestyle, the amount of time teenagers spend being physically active can vary greatly. This study compared the enrollment rates of students in physical education (PE) courses in secondary schools across Ontario and the factors that impact this enrollment.
Viewed 1,096 times.
Attitudes of Staff Working with People with Intellectual Disabilities
This study investigated the attitudes of staff working in the field of Intellectual Disabilities. Specifically, this research explored whether staff working with people with Intellectual disabilities in a variety of community agencies supported a philosophy of inclusion. Furthermore, this research investigated whether or not differences in attitude about inclusion can be explained by demographic characteristics including: age, gender, and level of education.
Viewed 1,278 times.
Integrated Curriculum: Increasing Relevance while Maintaining Accountability
This summary was created by the What Works: Research into Practice program at the Ontario Ministry of Education and can be accessed, along with other What Works summaries, on their website at:
This summary provides an overview of research on integrated curriculum:
"In addition to literacy and numeracy, teachers need to address other initiatives such as environmental education, character education and the new literacies (media, critical and technological). With so many curriculum expectations to
cover and assess, it’s not surprising that teachers sometimes feel overwhelmed. How can teachers do it all? One way to address these multiple expectations is by integrating the curriculum. Integrated curriculum teaches core concepts and skills by connecting multiple subject areas to a unifying theme or issue."
Viewed 1,416 times.
Predicting Students' Futures
This summary was created by the Research for Teachers project at The Elementary Teachers' Federation of Ontario (ETFO):
This summary outlines research in the area of predicting students' futures:
"Teachers often feel that they can predict students’ futures; that we can tell by, say, age 6 or 8
students’ academic destinies. This view is strengthened by studies that show a strong relationship
between various characteristics of students, such as their socio-economic status or their school
readiness, and their later achievement. In fact, predictions of this kind are fraught with problems....History is not destiny. We know that with the right supports, most people can achieve far more than anyone thought they could."
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Character education reconceptualized
This research summary is intended to provide a clear understanding of the processes associated with character development in order to make recommendations for successful character education implementation.
Viewed 1,060 times.
The regulation of Mp3 Players and cell phones in secondary school
Recently, there has been much media coverage about cell phone and personal music player usage in schools, including in the
Toronto and Whitton regions. However, there is little literature on how students and teachers view rules on the use of such
electronic devices. Using data gathered from focus groups with students in Toronto and Whitton and interviews with teachers
and administrators from Whitton, we present the viewpoints from these stakeholders on the usage of cell phones and personal music players.
Viewed 1,303 times.
Helping children with their schooling: A comparison of parents of children with and without Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
It is often reported by teachers and parents that children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) have problems in school: they are less engaged, have lower grades, lower graduation rates and require more attention from teachers. Children with ADHD also have similar problems outside the classroom. These problems are not surprising because the symptoms associated with ADHD make learning more difficult. While there is research that describes how and why parents of children without ADHD are involved in their children’s learning, and that this involvement benefits the children, there is little information about parental involvement in the schooling of children with ADHD. This study explored parental involvement in the learning of students with ADHD.
Viewed 1,284 times.