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Adolescent Stress and Coping StrategiesAuthor(s): Montgomery, C.
Academic performance has become one of the most prevalent stressors in western society for adolescents, and certain coping strategies can predict high school dropout (Hess & Copeland, 2001). However, studies on adolescent stress and coping present divergent causes of adolescent stress related to the environment. Moreover, results differ in terms of the way adolescents regulate their stress and coping. This literature review examines the scientific literature on the theme of adolescent stress and coping between 1997 and present and will answer the following questions in order to better understand high school dropout:
Question 1: What are the main causes of adolescents’ environmental stress?
Question 2: How do adolescents regulate their stress and coping?

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Adolescents’ knowledge of and stigma towards schizophreniaAuthor(s): Faulkner, G., Irving, H., Paglia-Boak, A. & Adlaf, E. (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at:

"For people living with mental illness, stigma can be a large barrier that prevents improvement in their lives. But little research has been done to understand how stigma emerges in youth. This research explores how adolescent stigma toward people with schizophrenia is related to demographics. It also looks at how much knowledge adolescents have about the mental disorder."

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Psychological and educational interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescentsAuthor(s): Merry, S. N., Hetrick, S. E., Cox, G. R., Brudevold‐ Iverson, T., Bir, J. J., & McDowell, H. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on psychological and educational interventions. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at:

"A recent systematic review sought to determine whether psychological and/or educational interventions are effective in preventing depression in children and adolescents....When compared with no intervention, programs showed an immediate reduction in risk of depression."

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Remain in a K-8 school or transition to junior high?: Differences in student achievementAuthor(s): Whitley, J., Lupart, J., Beran, T. (2007)
There is general agreement that when students transition from elementary to junior high school, their academic performance can suffer. Some researchers claim that the difficulties that students experience in this transition might have long-term negative effects. With this in mind, many education systems in Canada have taken steps to make the transition from elementary to junior high school smoother for students.
This research used nationally representative survey data to see if there were any actual differences in achievement between students who transitioned to grade seven from an elementary school compared to those who remained in the same school.

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School-based violence prevention program offers a protective impact for youth with maltreatment historiesAuthor(s): Crooks, C., Scott, K., Ellis, W. and Wolfe, D. (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

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Sexual Health Topics: What Teens Want to KnowAuthor(s): Causarano, N.; Pole, J. D.; Flicker S. & Toronto Teen Survey Team (2012)
This research article describes one part of a larger study that investigated the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. It also explores the relationship between religion and teenagers’ exposure to, and desire to, learn more about various sexual health topics including sexually transmitted infections and birth control options.

This document has been viewed 869 times.