KNAER | RECRAE

Search Results

Academic Motivation of Immigrant and non-Immigrant AdolescentsAuthor(s): Shaljan Areepattamannil; John G. Freeman (2008)
This research tried to better understand the academic achievements of immigrant adolescents in the GTA.

This document has been viewed 948 times.
Adolescent Attitudes Towards SchizophreniaAuthor(s): Guy Faulkner; H. Irving; A. Paglia-Boak; E. Adalf
This study investigated adolescent knowledge of schizophrenia and their attitudes towards persons with the disorder. This study aimed to understand the how knowledge about schizophrenia is associated with social distancing behavior (or behaving in a way to not wanting to associate with people with schizophrenia).

This document has been viewed 589 times.
Adolescent Stress and Coping Strategies Author(s): Cameron Montgomery
Academic performance has become one of the most prevalent stressors in western society for adolescents, and certain coping strategies can predict high school dropout (Hess & Copeland, 2001). However, studies on adolescent stress and coping present divergent causes of adolescent stress related to the environment. Moreover, results differ in terms of the way adolescents regulate their stress and coping. This literature review examines the scientific literature on the theme of adolescent stress and coping between 1997 and present and will answer the following questions in order to better understand high school dropout:
Question 1: What are the main causes of adolescents’ environmental stress?
Question 2: How do adolescents regulate their stress and coping?

This document has been viewed 1,780 times.
Adolescents’ knowledge of and stigma towards schizophreniaAuthor(s): Guy Faulkner; Hyacinth Irving; Angela Paglia-Boak; Edward Adlaf (2010)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"For people living with mental illness, stigma can be a large barrier that prevents improvement in their lives. But little research has been done to understand how stigma emerges in youth. This research explores how adolescent stigma toward people with schizophrenia is related to demographics. It also looks at how much knowledge adolescents have about the mental disorder."

This document has been viewed 1,172 times.
Factors related to non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents seeking mental health servicesAuthor(s): Dr. Shannon Stewart; Philip Baiden; Laura Theall-Honey (2014)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined the frequency of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) among adolescents with mental health needs and identified specific factors related to NSSI. Data on 2,013 adolescents were gathered from the Ontario Mental Health Reporting System using the Resident Assessment Instrument—Mental Health (RAI-MH). The researchers found increased NSSI in adolescents with mood or personality disorders, histories of abuse, substance use and intentional misuse of prescription medication, and higher rates of NSSI in females. The researchers highlighted the importance of novel findings in regards to intentional misuse of prescription medications in this population.

This document has been viewed 241 times.
Factors that Influence the Physical Activity Levels of Youth in Urban and Rural SettingsAuthor(s): Constantinos Loucaides; Ronald Plotnikoff; Kim Bercovitz
This study investigated the difference in physical activity (PA) levels of urban and rural youth in Canada. Specifically, the researchers explored the psychological, demographic, behavioural, and social factors affecting the level of PA for Canadian youth in urban and rural settings.

This document has been viewed 708 times.
Link between non-suicidal self-injury & suicidal behavioursAuthor(s): Dr. Chloe Hamza; Dr. Shannon Stewart; Dr. Teena Willoughby (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

NSSI and suicidal behaviours are different behaviours that often co-occur. Little attention has been given to why these behaviours are linked. Since NSSI is considered one of the most significant risk factor for suicidal behaviours, it is crucial to examine the mechanism through which this occurs. Three theories have been proposed to explain the link between NSSI and suicidal behaviours and, in this summary, an integrated model of these theories is introduced.

This document has been viewed 137 times.
Poor peer & family relationships predict dating violence in adolescent girlsAuthor(s): Deb Chiodo; Dr. Claire Crooks; Dr. David Wolfe; Dr. Caroline McIsaac, Ray Hughes, Dr. Peter Jaffe (2012)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This study examined risk factors associated with adolescent girls and dating violence as both victims and perpetrators. Researchers found that the presence of negative factors like poor peer and familial relationships in earlier grades were predictive of dating violence involvement in later grades.

This document has been viewed 216 times.
Psychological and educational interventions for preventing depression in children and adolescentsAuthor(s): Merry, S. N., Hetrick, S. E., Cox, G. R., Brudevold‐ Iverson, T., Bir, J. J., & McDowell, H. (2011)
This research snapshot was developed by the E-BEST team of Hamilton-Wentworth District School Board and outlines research on psychological and educational interventions. This and other snapshots can be accessed directly from the E-Best website at: http://www.hwdsb.on.ca/e-best/

"A recent systematic review sought to determine whether psychological and/or educational interventions are effective in preventing depression in children and adolescents....When compared with no intervention, programs showed an immediate reduction in risk of depression."

This document has been viewed 964 times.
Remain in a K-8 school or transition to junior high?: Differences in student achievementAuthor(s): Jessica Whitley; Judy Lupart; Tanya Beran (2007)
There is general agreement that when students transition from elementary to junior high school, their academic performance can suffer. Some researchers claim that the difficulties that students experience in this transition might have long-term negative effects. With this in mind, many education systems in Canada have taken steps to make the transition from elementary to junior high school smoother for students.
This research used nationally representative survey data to see if there were any actual differences in achievement between students who transitioned to grade seven from an elementary school compared to those who remained in the same school.

This document has been viewed 960 times.
School-based violence prevention program offers a protective impact for youth with maltreatment historiesAuthor(s): Dr. Claire Crooks; Dr. Katreena Scott; Dr. Wendy Ellis; Dr. David Wolfe (2011)
This summary was developed by Western’s Centre for School Mental Health. This and other research summaries can be found at www.edu.uwo.ca/csmh

This research highlights the benefits of an inexpensive school-based violence prevention program. This program demonstrates support for the reduction of dating violence among students and the protective effect for maltreated youth, lowering their likelihood of engaging in violent delinquency. These results also suggest that a short-term violence prevention program can have significant and meaningful long-term results.

This document has been viewed 260 times.
Sexual Health Education Among Teens New to CanadaAuthor(s): Roxana Salehi; Sarah Flicker (2010)
This research article describes part of a larger study that explored the sexual health education experiences of a diverse group of urban youth in Ontario. Specifically, this article investigates the factors that influence teens’ access to sexual health education with a focus on newcomers to Canada.

This document has been viewed 630 times.
What are young bloggers saying about mental health?Author(s): Madalyn A. Marcus, Henny Westra, John D. Eastwood, and Kirsten L. Barnes (2012)
This summary was created by the Evidence Exchange Network (EENet; formerly
OMHAKEN). This and other summaries on mental health and addictions can be found at: www.eenet.ca

"The widespread use of Internet blogs has created a unique space for hearing from young people. Few studies, however, have looked at these blogs to gain a better picture of the experiences of young people with mental health problems – until now."

This document has been viewed 1,446 times.